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PROJECT TOPIC- INFLUENCE OF LATENESS ON ACADEMIC ACTIVITES OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN ABAKALIKI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EBONYI STATE

PROJECT TOPIC- INFLUENCE OF LATENESS ON ACADEMIC ACTIVITES OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN ABAKALIKI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EBONYI STATE

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background to the Study

In every establishment including school system, there exist an official period of operation that is the starting period and closing period. When a member of the establishment arrives beyond the stipulated starting period, he or she is said to be late.

As cited by Nakpodia and Dafiaghor (2011), “lateness” can be defined as the “situation where an individual arrives after the proper, scheduled or usual time (Oxford Advance Learners’ Dictionary, 5th ed., 1995). It is tantamount to “tardiness” which is defined to be being slow to act or respond. With the meaning of lateness or tardiness now in our grasp, the cause of this delinquency should be determined.

Literally, the term “lateness” implies a situation where an individual arrives after the proper, scheduled or usual time (Oxford Advanced Learners’ Dictionary, 5th ed., 1995). Furthermore, Lauby (2009) puts it as a term used to describe “people not showing up on time”. Breezes (2010) contributed by saying that lateness is synonymous with “tardiness”, which implies being slow to act or slow to respond, thus not meeting up with proper or usual timing. It is obvious therefore that lateness could be seen as a system of network breakdown (Peretomode, 1991); a situation of not meeting up with programme… a function of time… time is the criteria and determinant of lateness.

Nakpodia and Dafiaghor (2011) attribute lateness or tardiness to a lot of factors or causes. Going late to bed and waking up late next morning are the most common. The authors added film-watching late at night as a cause for tardiness. The student may forget that he/she needs to be in school the next day. The distance between the student’s home and school or solely the school’s location is also considered by Nakpodia and Dafiaghor as a possible cause for tardiness. Not just because it takes more time to get to school, but according to the authors, the student is susceptible to more distractions and hindrances along the way. Parent’s untimely tasks and commands are also reasons that students come late to school. Habitual lateness can also be learned from other members of the family, especially from the older ones. Lack of a firm and consistent policy on punctuality also encourages students to come late at school since there are no consequences attached to lateness or tardiness. This causes of tardiness will lead to serious effects.

Nakpodia and Dafiaghor emphasizes that lateness or tardiness is not just the problem of the late student but it affects the surrounding people. A student coming late in class distracts the rest of the students and disrupts the flow of the teacher’s discussion. It is even a burden to the student/s whom the late students ask for what to catch up with. The rest of the effects given by Nakpodia and Dafiaghor are about the welfare of the whole school, its productivity and revenue. Knowing the possible effects of lateness or tardiness, it is necessary for solutions to be executed.

Lateness is a form of disruptive behavior. Lateness disrupts the rhythm of the class lecture, and also distracts other students who may be paying attention to the lecture. Literally, the term lateness implies a situation where an individual arrives after the proper, scheduled or usual time (Oxford Advanced Learners’ Dictionary, 9th ed., 2015). Furthermore, Lauby (2009) puts it as a term used to describe people not showing up on time. Breeze, Markey and Woll, (2010) contributed by saying that, lateness is synonymous with tardiness, which implies being slow to act or slow to respond, thus not meeting up with proper or usual timing.

Academic activities is used to describe things that relate to the work done in schools, colleges, and universities, especially work which involves studying and reasoning rather than practical or technical skills.  Going to school early is a mark of responsibility that every student must have. Punctuality is said to be the soul of business, and there can be nothing more fundamental to the school business than punctuality (Ezewu, 2002). Thus punctuality could be seen in two dimensions that is coming to the school at the right time and closing at the right time. This attitude of punctuality is both the business of the teachers and students. Teachers cannot work without students likewise visa-versa. Students’ punctuality avail them the opportunity to attend to all school programmes and activities. In the morning for instance the students benefit from the morning activities such as the general assembly, where vital information, admonitions and prayers are made. The students could also interact with students other than their classmate and even arm. Most importantly students who are punctual get full benefits of morning hour lessons, which are vital (English and Mathematics) for these subjects are fixed during morning hours due to their importance.

On the contrary, unpunctual (late-comers) students are caned, given corporal punishment such as toilet washing, sweeping, weeding and lot more. These punishments have dual effects on the students, thus afflicting pains and waste of time (not attending vital period of the morning hours). In addition, late comers usually get mis-informed during lessons, for they come to class while lessons have already began, they also disturb other students already in class and many at times disrupt lessons. School as a system operates in interconnection and interrelatedness within and also with the community (the home). Maina and Jumare (2011) postulate that the principal is responsible for school programmes and activities which cover planning, organizing, controlling, coordinating and evaluating the. This implies that the principal delegates authority/responsibility to all staff, hitherto, the staff report back to him or her for evaluation.

It is obvious therefore that, lateness could be seen as a system of network breakdown; a situation of not meeting up with programme, a function of time, time is the criteria and determinant of lateness (Igbaji, 2012).

In the school system, discipline and duty masters are responsible for making sure school programmes and activities went on as planned (Kachchar, 2002). On a general note, the principal and all stakeholders in the school are responsible for not only punishing late comers but also for developing a strategy for curbing the meanness of students’ late coming to school. On the other hand, parents are also stakeholders in making the success or otherwise of their children. On students late coming parents most work hand-in-hand with school managers to curb the menace of students’ late-coming to school. In other words, parents must take their responsibilities properly in making sure that students are given all they need to go to school, allowed or conveyed in time, prepared in time and be given transport money enough to and from the school. Unless these issues are taken seriously, all the efforts of teachers in school would be in vain.

PROJECT TOPIC- INFLUENCE OF LATENESS ON ACADEMIC ACTIVITES OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN ABAKALIKI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EBONYI STATE

On the part of the government, more schools ought to be built (increased) as the population increases. Otherwise students would be left to trek per distances from home-school five-ten kilometers. Umaru (2001) observes that majority of schools in rural areas were not properly located, thus results to denial of access to a group of children. This also reduces students’ attendance to schools. This trend is more among girls of all these possible reasons. Students are always blamed for late coming to school. Ezewu (2002) observed that late comers in most schools are either sent back home, given some piece of work to do or given some stroke of cane without regards to the reasons for their late-coming.  He advised teachers and school managers to as a matter of fact investigate reason(s) for students late coming to schools as this may help to reduce the problem and treat them with sympathy.

Education as a system is bedevilled with surmountable problems. These problems range from government (the policy maker), parents (owners of client), society (the recipient of the school product) and teachers (the executors of the curriculum and workers in the teaching industry). One might not be wronged, when he says all the above could be blamed in one way or the other on the nature of responsibility shouldered. Thus in a general overview, these problems culminate to what is referred to as falling standard of education, of cause how can a student pass examination while trekking several kilometers to school, do some homework (like fetch water, go to farm, wash clothes, hawk, open shop etc) before going to school every morning and or before afternoon classes. But in some towns, traffic hold students up for hours before and after school hours due to inadequate roads and neighbourhood schools.

From the foregoing, the study tried to ascertain the influence of lateness on academic activities in Abakaliki Local Government Area of Ebonyi State.

Statement of Problem

Punctuality enables us to do a great deal of work within a short span of time. Punctuality is the most important characteristic of all successful people. A punctual person is able to complete all his task on time. A punctual student never misses any class and learns everything that his teacher teaches. He reached the school in time and completes his assignments within the stipulated time. Hence, he manages to do well in examinations. Hence, punctuality should be practiced from childhood.

Lateness among secondary school students is increasing and spreading in most secondary schools in Abakaliki Local Government Area of Ebonyi State and so far becoming uncontrollable in our societies. A close look at the factors that are responsible for it and their effect are the problems this study tend to ascertain.

Students’ lateness behavior is considered an educational problem and epidemic disease that spread and infect other students, and as a result lead to delayed follow-up curriculum and become chronic among students. As we know there are a number of possible reasons that makes students to come to class late.

The process of learning experience had shown that children who are habitual late comers never do well in their academics activities; this is true because before their arrival to class, the teacher must have gone far in the lesson. Which consequently affect their learning adversely.

In spite of the efforts made by the teachers and the school authorities to solve this problem, the students still indulge in late coming. In most cases, an attempt to know the factors responsible for students’ lateness, the teachers attributed it to the parents while the parents hold the teacher to ransom. To some others, the students themselves and their peer group influence are responsible for this.

From the forgoing, this study tried to ascertain the influence of lateness on academic activities of secondary school students in Abakaliki Local Government Area of Ebonyi State.

Purpose of the Study

The general purpose of this study is to investigate the influence of lateness on academic activities of secondary school students in abakaliki local government area of ebonyi state.

Specifically, this study is designed to:

  1. Determine how lateness to school influence academic participation in classroom lessons.
  2. Determine the influence of lateness on secondary school students’ classroom instructional activities.
  3. Determine the influence of lateness on secondary school students’ home work.
  4. Determine the influence of lateness on secondary school students’ examination.

Significance of the Problem

PROJECT TOPIC- INFLUENCE OF LATENESS ON ACADEMIC ACTIVITES OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN ABAKALIKI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EBONYI STATE

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