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PROJECT TOPIC- INFLUENCE OF SEX EDUCATION TOWARDS REDUCING TEENAGE PREGNANCY IN SECONDARY SCHOOL IN OHAOZARA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EBONYI STATE

PROJECT TOPIC- INFLUENCE OF SEX EDUCATION TOWARDS REDUCING TEENAGE PREGNANCY IN SECONDARY SCHOOL IN OHAOZARA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EBONYI STATE

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background to the study

To everything there is a season and a time to every purpose according to the bible (Eccl 3:1). But in a situation where events take place before the expected time, it calls for attention. In human beings therefore with particular reference to females, when they get pregnant before the expected mature age, it is referred to as teenage pregnancy.

Teenage pregnancy and childbearing is worldwide phenomenon as it occurs in every society but varies from place to place. As a result, it attracts global attention which made it to be the focus of the 2013 world population day (Ekeng, Emem and Anieb 2014). This indicates that teenage pregnancy has global effects and implications on the female child and society at large which attract the attention of every country and reasonable individuals.    Teenage pregnancy is pregnancy in females under the age of 20. A girl can become pregnant from sexual intercourse after she has begun to ovulate which can be before her first menstrual period (menarche), but usually occurs after the onset of her periods (Hamilton, Diana and Frisch 2012). According to Slater (2000) teenage pregnancy is referred to as the premature pregnancy of female children that is yet to attain the maturity and ripe age for marriage.

According to Mosby’s medical dictionary (2007), teenage is the period in development between the onset of puberty and adulthood. It usually begins at 13 years of age with the appearance of secondary sex characteristics and spans the teenage years, terminating at 18 to 20 years with the completion of the development of the adult form. During this period the individual undergoes extensive physical, psychological, emotional, and personality changes. Teenagers face daily pressure from peers, who expose them to TV, movies, the music industry and internet etc. Mosby (2007) further stated pregnancy as the state of carrying a developing embryo or fetus within the female body.

PROJECT TOPIC- INFLUENCE OF SEX EDUCATION TOWARDS REDUCING TEENAGE PREGNANCY IN SECONDARY SCHOOL IN OHAOZARA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EBONYI STATE

This condition can be indicated by positive result, on an over the counter, urine test and confirmed through a blood, ultrasound, detection of fetal heartbeat or an x-ray. Pregnancy lasts for about nine months measured from the date of the woman’s last menstrual period (LMP). It is conventionally divided into three trimesters, each roughly three months long. The most important task of basic fetal cell differentiation occurs during the first trimester, and any harm to the fetus during this period is most likely to result in miscarriage or serious disability can survive outside. The womb, at teenage years, even with the best hospital care, is simply underdeveloped. And teenage pregnancy which is mostly associated with uncontrolled sexual practices of teenagers calls for this study: “Influence of Sex Education in Reducing Teenage Pregnancy in Secondary School”.

Sex Education refers to education which is based on human sexual behavior, (Sexuality Information and Education Council of the United States SIECUS 2003). Sex education is instruction on issues relating to human sexuality, including emotional relations and responsibilities, human sexual anatomy, sexual activity, sexual reproduction, reproductive health, reproductive rights, safe sex, birth control and sexual abstinence (Bamigboye,2000). When Sex education covers all of these aspects of human sexuality, is known as comprehensive sex education. Common avenues for sex education are parents or caregivers, formal school programs, and public health campaigns (Renee, 2015).

Parents, schools or caretakers offer it in some parts of the world to educate the children, who are stepping into their adolescence. If formally received, sex education is either taught as a subject at senior secondary school or junior secondary school or in biology, health, home economics classes. Teaching sex education is rather a controversial issue, debates have been going on for several decades discussing if it should be taught formally in schools or not.

 

Statement of the Problem

Sex education is instruction on issues relating to human sexuality, including emotional relations and responsibilities, human sexual anatomy, sexual activity, sexual reproduction, reproductive health, reproductive rights, safe sex, birth control and sexual abstinence. Sex education lays the foundations for students by learning the correct names for parts of the body, understanding principles of human reproduction, exploring family and interpersonal relationships, learning about safety, and developing confidence. Sexuality education encompasses a range of relationships, not only sexual relationships children need skills to understand their bodies, relationships and feelings from an early age. But these awareness and knowledge are not offered to teenagers for one reason or the other. Most people especially Africans, no matter their level of exposure and education react negatively to sex education while some others are okay with the idea of sex education in school. Some of the reasons people react negatively to sex education might be attributed to culture, The problem of this study then is: What are the influences of Sex Education in reducing teenage pregnancy in secondary schools?

 

Purpose of the Study

This study is geared towards ascertaining the influence of sex education in reducing teenage pregnancy in secondary schools in Ohaozara Local Government Area of Ebonyi State.

Specifically, it sought to:

  1. Determine how the knowledge of contraceptives through Sex Education can reduce teenage pregnancy.
  2. Determine how sex education can educate the secondary school students about the functions of their reproductive systems.
  3. Ascertain how sex education increases secondary school students’ awareness of the changes in their bodies.
  4. Ascertain strategies towards building communities skills to resist sexual teenage pregnancy pressure through sex Education.

 

Significance of the Study

PROJECT TOPIC- INFLUENCE OF SEX EDUCATION TOWARDS REDUCING TEENAGE PREGNANCY IN SECONDARY SCHOOL IN OHAOZARA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EBONYI STATE

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