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PROJECT TOPIC- INFLUENCE OF STAFF MOTIVATION ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN ABAKALIKI URBAN

PROJECT TOPIC- INFLUENCE OF STAFF MOTIVATION ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN ABAKALIKI URBAN

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background to the Study

       The teacher is basically saddled with the responsibility of transferring knowledge, skills, attitudes and techniques to his pupils or students. The teacher makes an attempt to help people to acquire some skills, attitudes, knowledge, ideas and applications. Thus, the teacher’s task is to influence or create desirable changes in behaviour in his or her own pupils. The teacher often guides the pupils through a series of planned activities so that his pupils may acquire the highest learning possible form their experiences.

Motivation involves the energy and drive to learn, work effectively, and achieve your potentials (Martin, 2003). The motivation of a teacher is therefore very important as it directly affects the students. In   order for teachers to maintain a high level of professional performance, they must assume personal responsibility for their own performance, growth and development (Alam, 2011). Teacher’s motivation is viewed as a variable which has a strong impact on learners’ motivation (Gardner, 2005). The extent to which teachers are able to motivate their students depends on how motivated they are (Atkinson, 2000; Guilloteaux and Dornvei, 2008; Bernaus, Wilson and Gardner 2009). High motivation may enhance school teachers’ efficiency and effectiveness, leading to improved teacher and student performance (Kusereka, 2003). Teachers’ low motivation may lead to apathy; reduced performance; request for transfers to other  schools; increased  value or material rewards; hostility to school officials; and working for promotion to other positions with better prospects (Frederick, 2001).

Nadeem; Rana, lone, Magbool, Naz, and Ali (2011) observed that  poor salary; excessive workload; poor infrastructure; lack of library facilities; lack of teaching and learning materials; teachers morale;  working relations  with staff and head teacher and working environment  are the factors which affects teacher’s performance negatively. Other factors include political interference; responsibilities at home; distance of residing area; stress; status of teacher and respect in society. Moharity (2000) pointed out that poor pay; low status and morale are the key cause of performance and corrupt behaviours in the public sector. Across the world, millions of teachers, most of them women are working tirelessly for low wages in educating the next generation.

       The teacher is a critical element in the teaching-learning situation. What he does or does not do affects learning in a proud way. Research has shown that the quality of teaching makes a considerable difference in students’ learning and performance. This implies that the teacher is the key factor in whether a child learns well or not. Thus, for the teacher to be able to transfer knowledge, ideas and skills to the pupils, he or she must be well motivated. It is therefore in line with this that the researcher intends to examine the impact of staff motivation on student’s performance.

There are certain qualities expected of a good teacher: The teacher as a moulder of lives must be an embodiment of good character. A good teacher is the type whose personal life sets a good example to his pupils. He/She must like people especially the young ones. The teacher with good sense of humour and care for the young ones instills confidence in the parents that their children are in safe hands. Students soon get to know the teacher that is sincere and honest.

        A good teacher is always friendly and helpful to his students. Bing aggressive does not help the situation as it will only distant the students from the teacher, thus making it difficult for him to understand their problems. A good teacher always takes interest in his students’ genuine personal problems and shows a lot of understanding in assisting to solve them. He treats any personal problems of his students with utmost confidentiality with a view to enlisting their confidence.

PROJECT TOPIC- INFLUENCE OF STAFF MOTIVATION ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN ABAKALIKI URBAN

He must always show cooperation to the parents of his students in finding solution to their confidence.

However, a teacher who is not motivated will hardly regard the principles mentioned above. The teacher has to be energized before he can take positive steps to impart skills and knowledge into his pupils. Motivation refers to what energizes a person to behave in a particular way. It is a complex concept that deals with people’s wants, needs, demands and desires. Motivation is central in energizing an individual to seek to teach or remain ready to teach. A motivated teacher strives to put effort together in the classroom so as to affect the students positively. Thus, motivation is a push, a propellant or a force that activates a teacher to teach. This implies that when a teacher is highly motivated it affects the students positively.

The learning environment and teachers’ motivation for knowledge development relatively need attention in the teaching and learning of secondary school students. What happens in the classroom between psychological implication of teachers concerning their motivation, and the students’ ability to study well has an impact on students’ opportunity to learn. The activities in the class room, the repeated actions in which students and teachers engage as they learn are important because, they constitute to the knowledge that is produced (Cobb, 2008). This position has led to the present study on the influence of staff motivation on the academic performance of secondary school students in Abakaliki urban.

Statement of the Problem

       Education and learning is simply aimed at influencing the learner positively. That is, to affect behaviour of the student positively. Effective learning takes place only when the environment is conducive for both the teacher and the learner. The man who transfers skills and knowledge to the pupils needs to be well motivated as the moral will exert a tremendous influence on the learner. The teachers need to be well paid; they need to be promoted as at when due, their welfare has to be taken of as it is only when this is done that the teacher will be better prepared to discharge his responsibilities which will in turn affect the performance of the students positively. A teacher who is happy will definitely be ready to impart knowledge to the pupils while a teacher who is not happy will do otherwise.

Against this backdrop, it becomes pertinent to ask: Are teachers in the public and private secondary schools in Abakaliki urban well motivated? To what extent does the motivation of teachers affect the performance of students? This study tried to

Purpose of the Study

This study tried to find out the influence of staff motivation on the academic performance of secondary school students in Abakaliki urban. Specifically, the study tried to ascertain if:

  1. Higher teaching qualifications serves as motivating factors for teachers to enhance good performances of secondary school students in Abakaliki urban
  2. The school environment serves as a motivator for teachers to enhance the performances of secondary school students in Abakaliki urban.
  3. Instructional materials provision serves as a motivation to teachers in enhancing the performances of secondary school teachers in Abakaliki urban.
  4. Incentives boost teachers’ performance to enhance students’ performances in secondary schools in Abakaliki urban.

    PROJECT TOPIC- INFLUENCE OF STAFF MOTIVATION ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN ABAKALIKI URBAN

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