Our Blog

List of recently published project topics and materials

PROJECT TOPIC- KNOWLEDGE, PERCEPTION AND ATTITUDE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS TOWARDS REDUCING HIV/AIDS IN AFIKPO SOUTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EBONYI STATE

PROJECT TOPIC- KNOWLEDGE, PERCEPTION AND ATTITUDE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS TOWARDS REDUCING HIV/AIDS IN AFIKPO SOUTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EBONYI STATE

 

INTRODUCTION

Background to the Study

Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) results from a combination of factors triggered off by infection with the Human Immune Deficiency Virus (HIV) (WHO, 2007). HIV is a retrovirus with the affinity for the CD4+ cells of the immune system. It is transmissible in the body fluids which include blood and blood products, semen, vaginal secretions, breast milk and saliva. Any activity which results in the entry of infected fluid into the body of a healthy individual leads to infection.

Such activities include sexual intercourse (be it heterosexual, homosexual, bisexual activities or oral sex), transfusion of unscreened blood and vertical transmission from an infected mother to her infant at delivery and also during breast-feeding. Others are sharing/use of infected skin piercing instruments, tattooing and the incision of tribal marks, circumcision, all forms of female genital mutilation, manicure and pedicure, shaving of hair in barbing saloons, sharing of toothbrushes, kissing with bruised gums, breast feeding, accidental needle sticking injuries in hospitals and laboratories are amongst the various modes through which HIV may be transmitted(Akinsete, 2001).

Adolescence is a period of growth among individuals between the ages of 12-20 years. It begins atthe end of childhood and closes at the beginning of adulthood. It is also a period characterized by

functional changes such as self-awareness, exploitation and formation of new patterns of behavior including sexual relationships (Denga, 2002). Adolescents have the right to appropriateinformation to make decisions and access the means to help them act responsibly.

Adolescence period is characterized by emotional, intellectual,physical, social and sexual changes and the individual is faced with variouschallenges. Adolescence according to Conger, Kegan and Mussen (2004) is aperiod of transition between childhood and adulthood. It is considered to lastfrom ages of 10 to 19 and from puberty to full biological /physiologicalmaturation. Within this time frame, adolescents are affected by variousdevelopmental transformations including physical, emotional, and socialchanges. With these changes come many responsibilities and privileges that aredifferent from those of childhood or full adulthood, and these aspects ultimatelydefine the period of adolescence.

Sexual behaviour among secondary school students have over the years become an issue ofgreat concern particularly with the upsurge of the HIV and AIDS Pandemics. According to UNAID (2013), an increasing number of youths within the age of10-20 years have continued to be infected with HIV. As reported by NationalAIDs Reproductive Health Survey (NARHS) (2003), youths are morevulnerable to sexual infection because of their age, gender and sexualorientations. UNAID (2013) reported that half of the entire world populationwhose ages are between 10-20 years are among the most vulnerable to HIV andAIDS infections. Awareness campaigns, lectures, seminars, rallies in schools should be organized to attract the attention of youths. In some States, teachershave been trained to carry out HIV and AIDS programmes. Civil societyorganizations and the private sector organizations have directly or indirectlycontributed to the overall attempt to reduce the spread of HIV and AIDS.

Theprocess and aim of provision of information and education is to make youthsperceive issues relating to HIV and AIDS, adopting the perception of theirvulnerability to HIV and AIDS and develop positive attitude to sex. Inspite of current efforts by governmental non-governmental organizations, andeducational institutions, it seems that youths have not developed positiveattitude to sex because many youths still express sexual intimacy which couldcarry the risk of transmission of HIV. Such may be in areas of casual sex,multiple sex, anal sex, covert and open prostitution. In other words, the attitude of adolescents toward the dreaded HIV and AIDS is un-encouraging. Thisimplies that they may not be aware of the implication of their sexual behaviorespecially in relation to the contact of HIV and AIDS.

Akanle (2006) noted that adolescence express negative belief and knowledgewhich reflect on their attitude towards HIV and AIDS. Attitude is seen as amental predisposition held towards ideas, objects or person. It is a combinationof beliefs, feelings and evaluation and some predisposition to act in one way orthe other. As noted by Agbaegbu (2007), attitudes are hypothetical constructs

used in explaining consistencies in affective reaction. The scholar opined thatthe zeal or enthusiasm to move into science and succeed creditably in sciencesubjects is dependent on the attitude of the person towards science. This impliesthat an attitude is a mental predisposition held towards ideas, objects or persons.

PROJECT TOPIC- KNOWLEDGE, PERCEPTION AND ATTITUDE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS TOWARDS REDUCING HIV/AIDS IN AFIKPO SOUTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EBONYI STATE

Omeje (2007) defined attitude as a predisposition torespond in a particular way towards a specific class of objects. The scholar maintained that attitude is made up of three components-affective, cognitionand behaviour. Affective is a component of attitude used to refer to emotion andfeeling. Cognition refers to mental processes by which information is acquired,analyzed and synthesized while behaviour refers to any response or action of anorganism to its feelings. Operationally, attitude is a favourable or unfavourableevaluation of something which generally in the positive or negative views of aperson about place, a thing or an event. In the context of this study, it isadolescents’knowledge, feeling (perception) and attitude towardsHIV and AIDS.

Presently, the attitude of adolescents towards HIV and AIDS is that of “itdoesn’t concern me” or “man must die of something someday”. Given the challenge of HIV/AIDS that adolescents encounter in their present and future life experience, it is vitalthat the awareness of the risks associated with sexual behaviour is made clear, and correspondingly the transfer of suchawareness to real life experience is expected (Mwamwenda, 2014).

To ascertain the opinion of students regarding the reality of the AIDS pandemic, Anugwom (2004) in his research on students’ perception of HIV/AIDS observed that students saw HIV/AIDS as not really in existence, that the respondents mostly see AIDS as part of politics of developed nations using the pandemic to put Africa in place. The researcher said this is worrisome when one puts this sort of revelation against the fact that the respondents are secondary school students who are supposed to be very informed.

This type of perception puts a big question mark on the effectiveness of AIDS enlightenment and prevention campaigns in Nigeria. Cochran and Peplau (2009) rightly observed that the perception of being at risk is a factor in the change of attitude and behavior, which is germane to any sustainable AIDS prevention efforts.

Statement of the Problems

HIV/AIDS is currently sapping both life and the future of the countries which are already underdeveloped and poverty ridden. The continuous spread of HIV/AIDS in the country no doubt should be seen as deadly as it poses a threat to human health. Therefore there is every need for all to always keep ourselves from any act capable of exposing them to the disease.

However in Nigeria, there is noformal HIV and AIDS education in the school curriculum. The main strategiesfor creating awareness about the dreaded disease are mass media campaigns, peer education, condom promotion and sex education which is rarely used in secondary schools. There seem to exist dearth of knowledge, perception and awareness towards reducing and prevention of HIV/AIDS among secondary school students in Ebonyi State,especially in Afikpo SouthLGA.The fact has remained that most adolescence are ignorance of preventive measure and knowledge of sexual relationships. This therefore makes them to be more vulnerable to various STDs and HIV/AIDS.

Although adolescents can learn a lot through peer education, sex education, media campaign on HIV/AIDS prevention, and seminars on relationship issues to developtheirawareness level as well as their attitude towards HIV/AIDS. It is on this background that thepresent study is focused on determining knowledge, perception and attitude of secondary school students towards reducing HIV/AIDS in Afikpo South Local Government Area.

Purpose of the Study

The main purpose of this study is to determine the knowledge, perception and attitude of secondary school students towards reducing HIV/AIDS in Afikpo South Local Government Area of Ebonyi State. Specifically, the study sought to:

  1. Determine the perception of secondary school students on reducing HIV/AIDS in Afikpo South LGA.
  2. Ascertain the impact of peer education on reducing HIV/AIDS among secondary school students in Afikpo South LGA.
  • Determine the impact of sex education on reducing HIV/AIDS among secondary school students in Afikpo South LGA.
  1. Ascertain the impact of mass media campaign on reducing HIV/AIDS among secondary school students in Afikpo South LGA.

Significance of the Study

PROJECT TOPIC- KNOWLEDGE, PERCEPTION AND ATTITUDE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS TOWARDS REDUCING HIV/AIDS IN AFIKPO SOUTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EBONYI STATE

TO GET THE FULL PROJECT TOPIC AND MATERIAL DELIVERED TO YOUR INBOX OR DOWNLOAD INSTANTLY, PAY N5000 Via: BANK
BANKACCOUNT NAME
ACCOUNT NUMBER
DIAMOND BANK
FREEMANBIZ COMMUNICATION
007 031 2905
FIDELITY BANK
FREEMANBIZ COMMUNICATION
560 028 4107
GTBFREEMANBIZ COMMUNICATION013 772 5121
ZENITH BANK
FREEMANBIZ COMMUNICATION
101 326 3297
OR Pay Online with ATMAfter Payment, you can use the chat app at the right-hand side of your browser to download the material immediately or Text Name, Title of the project paid for, your email address to 08060755653.Do you prefer paying with Bitcoin, Ethereum, Bitcoin Cash or LiteCoin?

Hits: 32

Was the material helpful? Comment below. Need the material? Call 08060755653.

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.