LANGUAGE USE IN ORLU BY ODIMGBE ADAOBI JULIET
This work which investigates language use in Orlu consists of five chapters. Chapter one handles the general introduction, and history of the Igbo people and their occupation. The method of research applied was also examined, including the constraints of research, aim of study scope and significant of the study. Chapter two focuses itself on the literature review i.e. Theoretical, Empirical and summary. In chapter three, the data presentation and findings are discussed. In chapter four the analysis and discussion were treated. The chapter four also analysis and discussion of the research findings were also carried out for the purpose of linguistics situation in Orlu, i.e. language choice, code-switching and code mixing that exists in Orlu. Chapter five has to do with summary, findings, conclusion of the work and further suggestions.
This is the introduction part of the work and as such will deal basically with the background and origin of Orlu. This will also look at the geographical location, some Orlu and its linguistic classification, some historical information and occupation of Orlu people will be treated as well.
In this chapter also the method of research will be looked into as well as the constraints of the research. The aim of study of this project, the scope and significance of this study will be handle here.
1.1 THE IGBO BACKGROUND AND HISTORY OF ORIGIN
The Igbo people are located in the southern part of Nigeria in West Africa, Igbo has an estimated population of about there is 1991 census. (1994:1). The territorial distribution of Igbo covers the Niger and cross Rivers areas with Ibibio and Efik in Akwa Ibom and cross Rivers States to the west and Igala Idoma Speaking people to the north, Nzimoro (1972;3) The Igbo community is a federation which consists of a number of villages collectively called ‘Obodo’. The component villages are made up of ‘Umunna’ which forms the political structure of each village and the community in general. The Umunna is superior to any other political class and they are highly influential and powerful in terms of setting cases and general administration is in line will patrilineal linked to some groups of people Onwuejeogwu (1975:4).
However, the areas that constitute the present-day Igbo are made spread throughout Anambra, Imo, Abia, Enugu and Ebonyi States. The Igbo’s are also found in some parts of Delta and Rivers States (example Ikwerre as Igboid group)
1.2 GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION OF ORLU
Orlu, one of the three electoral Zones in Imo State is made up of ten (10) local Government areas. They are Orlu, Orlu South, Orlu North, Nwangale, Isu, Orsu, Ideato South, Ideato North and Oguta Local government areas.However, for the purpose of this research, we shall restrict ourselves to Orlu local government area (L.G.A.).Orlu local government area is located about 39 Kilometer east of Onitsha in Anambra state. It shares borders with Ideato north Local government area, on the South and on the west, with Ihiala local government area of about 202 square kilometers, and a population of about 116.776 according to figure of Orlu local government area is not certain.
LANGUAGE USE IN ORLU BY ODIMGBE ADAOBI JULIET
Two major seasons are experienced throughout the years as is also the case in other parts of Igbo land, east of the Niger. They are the dry season and the rainy season. November to March is noted for severe dryness. The raining season starts from April to September during which some farming activities are at their peak.The dominant occupation of people of Orlu are farming and trading just like any other Igbo people. They also practice black smiting especially the Umuozu indigenes. That is from there they derived their name Umu-ozu as ‘Umu’ Children and ‘Ozu’ smiting meaning children of black smites. The Orlu people also normally engage in either urban or rural based commercial activities.
Furthermore, the people of Orlu travel to any part of Nigeria and beyond for trading. In addition, some parts of Orlu are rich with natural water and streams which can be used for various industrial and developmental purposes. The people living close to the water and streams are involved in fishing activities in addition to farming. Some people of Orlu are noted for palm tapping as a means living hood. Agricultural items produced by the Orlu people includes: Maze, Yam, Coco-yam, and Palm Oil etc.
1.4 METHOD OF RESEARCH
For the purpose of effective investigation two method of research techniques were used. These include:
- Used of Oral question and questionnaire. In this respect, different classes of people were interviewed. Among them are literate and non-literate, Fathers and Mothers, civil servants, Farmers, traders, students, people from lower and higher classes and so on and so forth.
Moreso, the questionnaires that contain about to people. The question i.e. filling it the returned them to the researcher while few with held theirs.
- Use of library: In using the library, books for the related topic were consulted by the researcher for the purpose of governing information.
1.5 CONSTRAINTS OF RESEARCH
Constraints are common features to all researchers. A number of problems are usually encountered by a researcher mostly in a situation where the researcher has to depend heavily on oral interviews. Administering and collecting back the questionnaire in order to get all the necessary information needed for the work. In this particular work the problems range from the study of the topic to the people for her study. Since Orlu is made up of different villages and as well commoners, immigrants with diverse tongues and different dialects, which are most often not closely related, these brought changes in the process of the research. That is not all, there is also the problem of translation of words since older men and women interviewed used traditional Orlu dialect or their own indigenous native tongue or dialect, which may be difficult for the researcher to give exact equivalents in English.
Furthermore, there is the problem of getting accurate answers to certain questions from the interviews. Some of them may ignore and miss some necessary points. That is concealing important matter or may not give the actual facts. Another likely problem being envisaged is that of insufficient materials to write the project because the particular community parses though an Igbo community, but nothing authentic has been written about it as regard language use in Orlu by scholars.