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PROJECT TOPIC- MANAGERIAL CONTROL STRATEGIES IN PHCN HEADQUARTERS

PROJECT TOPIC- MANAGERIAL CONTROL STRATEGIES IN PHCN HEADQUARTERS

 

ABSTRACT

As organizations are established, aims and objectives are set. The actualization of these objectives forms the basis of every management. To achieve this, the various activities of the members of the organization must be harmonized with the principles guiding the organization. This then becomes the role of managerial control in organizations. Mullins (1983:31) asserts “As I am responsible for the performance of the subordinate staff then it is only right that exercise control and power over them.” This view defines the aims of control which is to measure organized activities, takes actions when and where necessary to ensure that plans are being accomplished. So, the manger needs to understand the nature of the power and control in order to improve organizational performance as well as strategically level that will enable the manager to achieve the objectives of the organization. Pertaining from the approval, this study is an assessment of the managerial control strategies in a public sector organization a study of PHCN Headquarters. The aim of this study is to ascertain if strategic planning, and if adjustment to new strategies improves organizational performance. Fifty (50) responses out of sixty-three (63) issued questionnaires were analyzed using chi square statistical tool and Yarn Yamane’s formula was used in the determination of sample size. The findings of the study revealed that strategic planning plays a lot of roles in the continual growth and survival of public sectors. From the research findings we therefore conclude the PHCN PLC have policies and plans which helps them to accomplish their objective that is, to say that the policies helps them to examine its strength, weakness, opportunities and threats that is likely to influence the organization. Strategic planning was recommendations for organizations, in order to help them pursue realistic objectives. I, also recommend that managers should always respond to changes in the business environment for the survival of the organization.

CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION

1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Organizations exist in order to achieve set of objectives, as well as to provide satisfaction for their members. Objectives are the desired results of every activity, and these form the basis of any organization as well as the basis for work by the employees. But, these objectives can only be achieved through efficient managerial control of human resources.
Human resources are invaluable assets in every organization, and the employees in the organization work to meet the ends. These ends are needs which must be actualized. But, the attainment of these needs must be in conformity with the organizational standards and objectives, hence the needs for a form of control Koontz, et. al. (1980: 722-725) maintain that control processes involve the following: establishment of standard; measurement of performance, correction of deviation. This means that, employees in the organizations need a form of structure that will guide and measure their performance, so as to achieve the set standards of the organization, and to check when necessary any form of behaviour which is against the organizational objectives. This then, forms the bulk of activity involved in managerial control.
Control as a function of management is a tool for planned, coordinated and harmonious job relationship. Mullins (1983:31) asserts “As I am responsible for the performance of the subordinate staff, then it is only right that I exercise control and power over them.” This view defines the aims of control which is to measure organized activities, takes actions when and where necessary to ensure that plans are being accomplished. Mullins (1983) state that to every people, organization relationship, one important feature is the need for control. Control systems exist in all spheres of the operations of the organization, and are a necessary part of the process of management. It is concerned with gauging the measures of success in achieving the goals and objectives of the organization. “So, the manager needs to understand the nature of the power and control in order to improve organizational performance as well as strategically level that will enable the manager to achieve the objectives of the organization.
One of the most important tasks of government is to serve citizens well. Thus, a core challenge of the public service is to be responsive to the needs of people and deliver the services they require effectively, efficiently and professionally. But too often, public servants do not have the proper tools or systems in place to meet those crucial objectives Chandler (1962). They are hobbled by outdated structures and systems that fail them and the citizens they serve. That is why modernizing government, which embodies a commitment to improved, integrated and efficient service for Nigerians, is at the core of the process to transform government Imaga, (2007). Due to failure in industries to achieve their objectives through constant changes taking place in the environment, these changes bring new opportunities and threaten continuous existence relationship between firms and their environments. These have given industries the function to organize for the future productive and marketing activities.

PROJECT TOPIC- MANAGERIAL CONTROL STRATEGIES IN PHCN HEADQUARTERS

Managers have continued to focus attention on strategy formulation and implementation as a way of reducing the level of uncertainty, and determining the available opportunity to be utilized.
In an industry, the advantage of strategic management is that, it helps to formulate long range goals and objectives of an enterprise, the adoption of course of action and allocation of resources necessary to achieve these goals Chandler, (1962).
These actions provide long-term guidance for series of productive and operational activities. When industries implement their strategies they influence changes in their industrial structures.

1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

The reluctance by managers and by extension employees to buy into adapts to new approaches and strategies have always had debilitating effects on the performance of their organizations especially in the public sector of the economy.
This problem arises for a number of reasons, among which include; inadequate understanding and appreciation of the new strategies, timing of the introduction of these strategies, and the inherent characteristic of reluctance to adapt to change, at least initially by man. Therefore, the question on how the adjustment to new strategy and strategic planning improve organizational performance in the public sector is called for in this research.

1.3 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

THE OBJECTIVES OF THIS STUDY ARE AS FOLLOWS:
(i) To ascertain if strategic planning improves organizational performance in the public sector.
(ii) To find out if adjustment to new strategy improves organizational performance in the public sector.

1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS

PROJECT TOPIC- MANAGERIAL CONTROL STRATEGIES IN PHCN HEADQUARTERS

 

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