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PROJECT TOPIC- MOTIVATION OF TEACHERS AS A TOOL FOR ENHANCING SS2 STUDENTS PERFORMANCE IN ECONOMICS IN UDI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ENUGU STATE

PROJECT TOPIC- MOTIVATION OF TEACHERS AS A TOOL FOR ENHANCING SS2 STUDENTS PERFORMANCE IN ECONOMIC IN UDI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ENUGU STATE

Abstract

This study titled motivation of teachers as a tool for enhancing SS2 students performance in economics in Udi local Government Area was aimed at ascertaining the extent motivation of teachers has enhanced SS2 Students Performance in Udi Local Government Area, to ascertain the extent promotion and regular payment of teachers enhance SS2 Students Performance in Udi Local Government Area and suggest possible hindering effecting SS2 Students Academic Performance in Udi Local Government. Descriptive research design was used. The population of this study was 200 teachers from all the secondary school in Udi Local Government Area and sample of 100 was used in the study which was selected sample randomly sampling. Self-developed structured questionnaire was used as instrument for data collection. The study found out that economics teachers are not adequately motivated in Udi Local government area of Enugu State. More over that motivations offered to teachers in the local government are not sufficient enough to induce higher productivity and output from them. This is because Enugu State Government does not supply all the needed inputs coupled with poor working condition. The study therefore, recommended among others that the state government should by all means ensure that secondary school teachers are adequately motivated so that they can bring out the best in them thus, there should be regular payment of teachers salaries and allowances, teachers should be section In-service training programmes, teachers’ condition of services should be improved, Government should provide adequate school facilities to enable teachers work well.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background to the study

There is probably no concept more important than motivation, in the study of employee’s behavior in any organization. A manager may consider motivation as an inducement (financial or otherwise) given to the employees to ginger them to work more. By this measure, organization goals and objectives are achieved. On the other hand, employees usually associate motivation with some monetary values Elegonye (2002).

Motivation is a pervasive function that cuts across all aspect of employee’s development. It is often discussed by people in any organization. Management cannot operate in isolation of their employees because they are human beings and not machines or tools which are utilize recklessly or in a rough manner. In today’s economy, employers have gone beyond being just employers because of their interest in the management of employee’s productivity Utem (2004).

Most business personnel have realize more than ever before that their organizational set goals and objectivities cannot be achieved if their employee do not perform as much as expected. This is the reason for much concentration of effort on the concept of motivation which is concerned with encouraging workers or employees to attain to the best of their ability. Ubeku (1975) states that the effective performance on the part of the employee is essential to the success of any organization.

Such performance will lead to a great measure depending on their knowledge and skills, while the knowledge and skills possessed by the individual employee are important in determining his job performance. These factors alone are not sufficient. An understanding of what motivated the individuals is needed to reveal how abilities and skills are activated and their potential released.

Formal Education has since been seen as one of the basic ways, any worthy citizen should pass through if such a citizen thinks of being socialized and to be a useful member of the society. The importance of Education in a developing country like Nigeria, cannot be over-emphasized. The restoration of quality in Educational system makes it useful for the all round development of the citizenry in Nigeria.

Odo (2000) states that it is generally noted that education is one of the most important factors that plays the roles of the acquisition of skills development of the intellectual capacities of individual to understand and appreciate their environment and also the inculcation of the proper value orientation for the survival of the individual and society. In fact, Education is the factor that distinguishes man from animals, since it is one of the principles outcome of man’s rationality.

In realization of Educational benefits, teachers’ contributions are very important. They contribution in political, Economical and Socio-cultural development of any society. Hence, it is very imperative for the teachers to be adequately encouraged to enable them discharge their duties. For the moral of teachers to be activated and in order to get the best from teachers, motivation should be utilized. Bucher (1974), stressed that given opportunity, everybody is a potential achiever, people look at teaching as not lucrative, when compared with other professions like medicine, law and so on that are highly paid.

Consequently, so many teachers in are no longer active in their teaching work. The fact remains that many of them are very poor. Some of them, up till now are still going to their far schools with bicycle, few that have motor-cycles, cannot maintain them. Some are living under leaking roofs, some cannot boast of good three meals a day. No conducive environment for working, lessons are taken under Mango trees. Seeing all these, teachers become discouraged.

However, motivation can make teaching profession attractive. It can be the best way of stimulating both the interest of those in it and those who may wish to take teaching as their profession. Motivation according to Kraus in Omebe (2001:94) states that motivation consist of tangible things such as bonus payment or promotion which may of course mean a rise in salary and lead to attainment of personal intangible attitudes such as recognition prestige, power and so on, desirable working condition which includes good classroom, clean office etc.

Motivation can take many forms, it can be in form of regular payment of teachers, salaries, wages, all allowances and many other entitlements when due. It can be in form of in-service training this will enable the teachers to up-grade their knowledge in order to cope with changes in the trend of Education. This is because there will be innovations or technological changes in the society. It can be in form of good working environment.

This has to do with providing enough offices with all the facilities like electricity, air-conditioners, good seats and many other needed equipment that will make it comfortable and conducive for teachers and also provision of enough classrooms with normal number of students for proper control of teachers. Teachers can be motivated. Through provision of teaching aids or instructional materials like Textbooks, chalk, chalkboard, stationery and well equipped laboratory and library.

When all these are provided, teachers will put in their best and their productivity will be enhanced. This is true in the sense that they will know that they are facing a challenge. The challenge of achieving educational goals which primarily focuses on the transforming the society through inculcation of right value which will help in developing the society and students morally, socially, politically, economically and culturally.

PROJECT TOPIC- MOTIVATION OF TEACHERS AS A TOOL FOR ENHANCING SS2 STUDENTS PERFORMANCE IN ECONOMIC IN UDI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ENUGU STATE

Statement of the Problem        

Anchored on the fact that non-motivation of teachers in secondary schools in Udi Local Government Area has caused some problems such as teachers neglect to duty, because of their poor condition of service in the teaching profession. There is dearth of qualified teachers in our school system, this is attributed to the fact that teaching had never been a lucrative profession. Teachers do not take their work serious.

The fact remains that their salaries are not paid as at when due. Some for so many years have been teaching but cannot boast of a common bicycle, no good working environment. With all these problems one is convinced that teachers are completely neglected, hence they show no interest in the work. Actually, teachers are not to blame for their lukewarm attitude to their job, educational system develops only the memory without creating the stimulating environment for learning.

Blaug (1975) asserts that the quality and people attracted to teaching and the way they were taught to teach at the heart of all problems of educational quality. Again, the problem of inadequate motivation of teachers has led to poor teaching, which has resulted in some students dropping out of school. They became discouraged and eventually get involve in criminal activities not only in the school but also outside the school environment.

This is usually a great loss to the family and society at large. So, it is always dangerous if the teachers who are character moulder are not adequately motivated to enable them discharge their duties effectively and efficiently. It is against this backdrop that this study is aim at examining motivation of teachers as a tool for enhancing SS2 students performance in Udi Local Government Area of Enugu State.

Purpose of the study    

The general purpose of this study is to examine motivation of teachers as a tool for enhancing SS2 Students Performance in Udi Local Government Area of Enugu State. Specifically, the study intended to investigate the following

  1. To ascertain the extent motivation of teachers has enhanced SS2 Students Performance in Udi Local Government Area of Enugu State
  2. To ascertain the extent promotion and regular payment of teachers enhance SS2 Students Performance in Udi Local Government Area of Enugu State
  3. To suggest possible solution to the factor effecting SS2 Students Academic Performance in Udi Local Government area of Enugu State

Significance of the study

This research work will help in many categories of people viz: Researching students, practicing teachers, Head teachers, Guidance and counselors, parents, Educational planners and Educational supervisors. The result of this study will be of helpful to researching students for It will be a source of data for further research. This study will help the Head Teachers to know their roles and responsibilities towards what teachers need to put in their best in their job. Educational planners are key decision makers and policy formulators on educational issues. They should therefore contribute in no small measure in motivating the teachers. The relationship between teachers and parents should always be a cordial one. They should maintain a harmonious relationship among the teachers in the community, the culture, the geographical, and administrative features of the areas in which the teachers teach. Also parents should not see teachers as strangers who are given the credit only for knowing all about the welfare of their Students.

Scope of the study

The scope of this study although very wide if it has been carried out in the entire service organization. For this reason, it was necessary to have a concentrated area of study which was restricted to motivation of teaches as a tool for enhancing SS2 students performance in economics in Udi Local Government Area of Enugu State.

Research questions

Based on the objectives of this study, the following research questions were formulated:

  1. To what extent has motivation of teachers enhanced SS2 Students Performance in Udi Local Government Area of Enugu State?
  2. To what extent has promotion and regular payment of teachers enhance SS2 Students Performance in Udi Local Government Area of Enugu State.?

What are the problems hindering SS2 Students academic Performance in Udi Local Government Area of Enugu State.

PROJECT TOPIC- MOTIVATION OF TEACHERS AS A TOOL FOR ENHANCING SS2 STUDENTS PERFORMANCE IN ECONOMIC IN UDI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ENUGU STATE

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