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PROJECT TOPIC- MOTIVATION AS A TOOL FOR ENHANCING TEACHER PRODUCTIVITY IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN EBONYI STATE AND ONICHA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA IN PARTICULAR

PROJECT TOPIC- MOTIVATION AS A TOOL FOR ENHANCING TEACHER PRODUCTIVITY IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN EBONYI STATE AND ONICHA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA IN PARTICULAR

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background to the study

In every nation (both the developed and the developing) has many aspirations, but none is more pressing than the need to provide for the educational needs of her people, especially the young. In line with this, Eze (1992), noted that literacy level for her citizens, the national need to design a programme that does not only require increase in the number of schools and other facilities, but also providing motivational factors for the teachers in order to ensure effective implementation of educational programmes for their citizens.

According to him, teachers are the manufacturers in the education industry. He maintained that teachers are the live wire of every educational organization and as well be the most important catalyst for children’s intellectual development yet their welfare and condition of service in the society are relegated to the background. Edem (1987), opined that ‘teacher’ in the colonial days can open a lot of doors to bearer of such name.

He maintained that though the attention to the teaching job was never drown by monetary involvement nor the teachers been classified as the rich men, but teachers in the past were not wallowing in poverty in the society, since they were thankfully appreciated by their employers and voluntary organizations. Unfortunately, the teaching profession which used to be seen as the stepping stone to other highly lucrative professions in the society turns to mockery on the face of the bearer.

Maduabum (2002), opined that after the civil war, government decided to take over the school from voluntary organization, thereby inheriting very enormous financial responsibility. As if that was not enough, the Obasanjo administration introduced the universal primary education (U.P.E) which provided for free and compulsory primary education following the excess revenue realized from the oil boom as at that period.

Maduabum (2002), maintained that when it was realized that the existing teachers population could not cope with the massive influx of pupils they did not matter any more, rather a crash teacher’s training programme was launched in order to increase the number of teachers so as to cope with the enrollment of pupils. However, observation has shown that the sudden change in the oil revenue created financial constraint in every sector, especially in the educational sector.

This led to a dwindling in educational standard resulting from the general neglect of teachers and educational sector in general as it relate to the allocation of the national cake. In Ebonyi State and Onicha Local Government Area, the story is devastating. It has been observed that teachers often or always threaten to go on strike as a result of non-payment of their salaries, fringe benefits and other entitlement.

In fact, teachers within the area are generally poor. Imagine the situation where a good percentage of the teachers can hardly afford ordinary bicycle let alone motorcycle which to them is luxury. Owing to these ugly situation, teachers in most cases are spurred to divert most of their time and energy that would have been used for teaching and learning exercise to indulge in non school activities in order to make ends meet. As such, teachers are often discouraged and become reluctant in discharging their official responsibilities.

Mali (2003), stressed that many sociologists and psychologists such as the skinner and piglet made observation that motivation is the major factor of education. The concluded that a well or adequately motivated individual is always more productive than his colleagues who are not. In line with this, Mgboro (2003), posited that motivation therefore is the process and means of stimulating and encouraging a worker to perform to the highest level of his or her capacity.

It is the urge that spurred workers into action. He maintained that motivation consist of tangible things such as bonus, payment of entitlement, promotion which could be a rise in salary thereby leading to the attainment of personal satisfaction. It could be in intangible form such as praise, recognition, etc. Anderment (2004), stated that secondary school teachers do not stay long enough on their job for a variety of reasons including poor salaries, poor condition of service lack of job satisfaction, etc in the same perceptive, Ukeje (1993), blamed the problem associated with teachers constant frustration, dissatisfaction and mass desecration to what he called the series of lamentable crises to which the educational system has been gripped.

According to Brook (2005), people do not go to work just for the sake of work itself, but rather with the ultimate hope that they will achieve their own objectives. He concluded that to enhance the individual requires some kinds of motivation to enable the realization of his own objectives, hence, there is need to investigate Motivation as a tool for enhancing teacher productivity in the secondary schools in Ebonyi State and Onicha Local Government Area in particular.

PROJECT TOPIC- MOTIVATION AS A TOOL FOR ENHANCING TEACHER PRODUCTIVITY IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN EBONYI STATE AND ONICHA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA IN PARTICULAR

Statement of the problem

Teaching has been described as one of the most important job in the development of every society. Since it is the bed-rock of every other profession. Observation has shown that teachers are not diligent in the performance of their official duty. This may be as a result that they do not receive incentives regularly like their counter-parts in other public services. It is assumed that dwindling nature of educational standard is as a result of poor in-service training on the side of the teachers.

Moreso, it is assumed that nonchalant attitude and unenthusiastic of teachers in the job may cropped from irregular payment of teachers’ salaries and other entitlements. In recent times, observation has shown that school system is witnessing inefficiency and ineffectiveness in its services which may be as a result of unconducive environment for the teachers. The problem of this study therefore is to explore motivation as a tool for enhancing teachers productivity in secondary schools in Onicha Local Government Area of Ebonyi State.

Purpose of the study

The general purpose of this study is to investigate if motivation serves as a tool for enhancing teachers productivity in secondary schools in Onicha Local Government Area of Ebonyi State. Specifically, the study sought to;

  • Determine whether in-service training of secondary school teachers increase their productivity.
  • Ascertain whether payment of teachers’ salaries and other entitlement enhance their productivity
  • Find out whether the provision of conducive teaching and learning environment promotes teachers interest in performing their job
  • Ascertain if provision of incentive to teachers enhances their productivity.

Significance of the study

This study is beneficial to different categories of people, among whom are; teachers, educational administrators, government, parents, and students. Indeed, the knowledge from this study would be of a help to teachers especially those that taught in our secondary schools today to understand that giving them incentive will make to be more efficient and effective in their teaching and learning processes, hence device a way for agitating for it from the employers of labour.

The education administrators who are the decision makers and policy formulators on educational issues will use the knowledge from this study to understand the implication of paying teachers’ salaries and other entitlement as and when due. Hence, ensuring that resources are adequately available to provide the required incentives and conducive environment. The parents on the other hand will realize that teachers are the character moulders of their children through their proper disciplinary measures, as such their motivation should be a joint effort of the parents, government and non-governmental agencies and the society at large. Finally, this study will serve as a take-off for other students who may wish to carry out further research on teachers motivation, hence use this study as a reference material.

Scope of the study

This study investigates motivation as a tool for enhancing teachers in secondary schools in Onicha Local Government Area of Ebonyi State. Specifically, the study focused on; determining whether in-service training of secondary school teachers increases their productivity, ascertaining whether payment of teachers’ salaries and other entitlement enhance their productivity, find out whether the provision of conducive teaching and learning environment promote teacher interest in performing their job, and also to ascertain if provision of incentive to teachers enhances their productivity.

Research Questions

The following research questions were formulated to guide the study;

  • How does in-service training of secondary school teachers increase their ability to be more productive?
  • How does the regular payment of teachers’ salaries and other entitlements enhance their productivity?
  • How does the provision of conducive teaching and learning environment promote teachers’ interest in performing their job on the students?
  • How does provision of incentives enhances teachers’ productivity?

PROJECT TOPIC- MOTIVATION AS A TOOL FOR ENHANCING TEACHER PRODUCTIVITY IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN EBONYI STATE AND ONICHA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA IN PARTICULAR

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