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PROJECT TOPIC ON INFLUENCE OF GENDER AND PARENTS’ SOCIO- ECONOMIC STATUS ON CAREER PREFERENCE OF ADOLESCENTS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN OHAOZARA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EBONYI STATE

 INFLUENCE OF GENDER AND PARENTS’ SOCIO- ECONOMIC STATUS ON CAREER PREFERENCE OF ADOLESCENTS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN OHAOZARA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EBONYI STATE

Abstract

This study examined the influence of gender and parent socio-economic status on career preference of adolescents in secondary schools in Ohaozara Local Government Area of Ebonyi State. A descriptive survey design was used for the study. Four research questions were formulated to guide the study. The population of the study comprised of 2244 SS2 students in the 9 public secondary schools in the study area.

This selection was done by sample random sampling techniques. The instrument was validated by three experts in the department of Educational Foundations Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki. The instrument used for data collection was researcher structured questionnaire. The data collected were analyzed using mean scores. The result of the study shows that, gender influenced the career preference of senior secondary students in Ohaozara, parents do not influence the career preference of their children in Ohaozara.

Based on the above findings, recommendations were made to curb negative impact of students gender and parent socio-economic status on career preference of adolescents it is recommended that educational planners should post at least three guidance counselors in each of the secondary schools. Parents should not continue to impose career preference on their children.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background to the Study

The present system of education in Nigeria is geared towards the development of vocational competence among youths and adults, so that they can contribute to the National economic growth in their various occupational activities. In this regard, Ajoku (1999) pointed out that the choice of an occupation is important to adolescent as the choice of a life partner is to a married adult. A person’s social status academically is dependent and influenced by his or her career preference in our secondary schools.

Consequently, career preference in secondary school, has been widely believed to be influenced by gender. Ajoku (1991) rightly observed that studies have shown significant relationship between sex and occupational aspirations, preferences and choices. To him sex plays a dominant role in determining the vocational preference of studies.

Also Cherry (2000) defines gender as the personal sexual identity of an individual, regardless of the person’s biological and outward sex.  Also, Winzbery (2000) stated that vocational choice is an irreversible process occurring in reasonably clearly marked periods, it is characterized by a series of compromises, the individual makes between his wishes and his responsibilities.

Also socio-economic status is defined as a combination of factors including income, level of education and occupation. It is a way of looking at how families fit into society using economic and social measures that have been shown to impact individual’s health and well being. Since career preference is a process spaning through a person’s life time, it is important to note that secondary school students comprising of adolescent are faced with the problem of career period.

Ajoku (1999) maintained that most empirical studies on occupational preference among students specifically adolescents indicated that young people leave school without acquisition of the necessary skills and knowledge for career preference. In this regards most the students encounter difficulties in trying to meet up adolescents developmental task such as the ability to choose the right type of occupation.Ginzberg (2000) in the same vain maintained that sex played an important role in determining the career preference of students.

Okonkwo (2000) asserted that some determinants of vocational reference among Nigerian secondary school students preferred engineering, medicine and agriculture while girls preferred nursing and teaching. -Olayinka (2004) states that right choice (preference) of a career by a person tends to result in a happy progressive and fulfilled life while a wrong choice (preference) of a career is largely dependent on the subject selected combine and studies by an individual to qualify for a particular career. Research evidence among adolescents in Nigeria also showed that occupational choice poses many problem to many uniformed and ill-informed students in our senior secondary schools. It is based on the background of the study that this research is undertaken to investigate the influence of gender and socio-economics status on career preference of adolescents in secondary schools in Ohaozara Local Government Area of Ebonyi State

Statement of the Problem

Parents contribution towards their children’s career choice for instance a father who is a doctor or lawyer will like his child to become a doctor or lawyer no minding his or her area of specialization and it creates a serious problems to the child.

Experience has shown that people who were victims of wrong choice of career in secondary schools exhibit aggressive behaviour in their place of work. Such individual finds it difficult to concentrate on the existing job because it is not where he/she has interest, it will also lead to school dropout because the individual will not derive any joy from the course of study, it sometimes lead to undesirable behaviour such as cultism, drinking, smoking and other maladaptive behaviour in the society.

It is on the basis of the above that this study is out to investigate and to provide way forward.

 INFLUENCE OF GENDER AND PARENTS’ SOCIO- ECONOMIC STATUS ON CAREER PREFERENCE OF ADOLESCENTS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN OHAOZARA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EBONYI STATE

The Purpose of the Study

The main purpose of the study is to investigate the influence of gender and socio-economic status on career preference of adolescents. Specifically, the study sought to find out the following:

  1. The influence of students’ gender on their career preference in secondary school.
  2. The influence of parents’ level of education on the career preference of their children in secondary schools.
  3. The influence of parents’ income level on career preference of their children in secondary schools.
  4. The influence of parents’ occupation on the career preference of their children in secondary schools.

Significance of the Study

The findings of this study will be of immense benefits to students, counselors and educational planners. The result of this study would be a working tool which school counselors will use in disseminating career information to students. This will help student to make appropriate and informed career decision are made, they will be expected to gain job satisfaction in their different occupational fields.

They will in turn experience some sense of belonging, eliminate possible frustration and consequently thus will increase the psychological social and physical development of the individual as well as improved the economic growth of the nation. The result in effect will help guidance counselors in guiding students on vocational information such information will enable them make career preference related to their preferences based on abilities, interest, aptitudes and self conception could be met.

Educational planners can also benefit from this study by knowing how to planner effective curriculum which will enhance the students choice of career and promotes their occupational preferences.

Scope of the Study

This study was carried out in secondary school  in Ohaozara Local Government Area of Ebonyi State. The study was  limited  to  the  influence of gender on career preference and the extend to which socio-economic status could influence the career preference of adolescent.

Research Questions

The following research questions were formulated to guide the study such as:

  1. How does student’s gender influence their career preference in secondary school?
  2. How does parent’s level of education influence career preference of their children in secondary school?
  3. How does parent’s income level influence the career preference of their children in secondary school?
  4. How does parent’s occupation influence the career preference of their children in secondary school?

INFLUENCE OF GENDER AND PARENTS’ SOCIO- ECONOMIC STATUS ON CAREER PREFERENCE OF ADOLESCENTS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN OHAOZARA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EBONYI STATE

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