PARTY POLITIC AND CORRUPTION IN NIGERIA 2003-2007
The interest to write on the topic party politics and corruption in Nigeria: 2003-2007, stems from the inability of the political office holders to live up to the expected goals set for them within the above mentioned years. Party politics connotes campaigns, elections, voting, leadership etc. An assessment from 2003 to 2007 will show that party politics in Nigeria has been engulfed by corruption. The corruption could be viewed from the sensitive and fundamental areas of irregularities dominating our political system such as political violence, godfatherism, poverty ethnic sentiment etc.
It is this unfortunate situation that has created the increasing tension and uncertainty which now prevails in the land and which has equally put our party politics in doubt. This piece of work is an attempt to examine the corrupt practices militating against party politics in Nigeria within 2003 to 2007. Basically this research tends to centre attention on the contemporary problems affecting our party politics. Specifically, much more attention will be given to the corrupt practices embedded in the party politics under Olusegun Obasanjo Administration. These corrupt practices would be identified and discussed, thereafter, substantive strategies would be mapped out serving as a bedrock for conclusion and suggestions as a means of tackling these corrupt practices.
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Party politics and corruption is the inability of a political system to establish a positive political process, maintain equilibrium, for retain the support its citizenry for government policies via their rights to vote ie franchise and the observation of layed down procedure which will accord legitimacy of the people to any government in existence. Partly politics and corruption in Nigeria has become a bane and camber worm that has permeated —-phy into the fabrics of our polity as practiced during the pre-independence and post-independence era as was vividly by the early Nigerian political leaders in their various political parties.
Historically, Nigeria as a country is now (48) years and with the population of (140, 500.000.00) people presently. Since —-era, political associations had been in existence in Nigeria since 1920’s. The most dominant groups that emerged during that period, was Nigerian National Democratic Party (NNDP) formed in 1923 by the Nationalist movement led by Herbert Marculery. The party’s activities was restricted to Lagos. It won (3) seeds of legislative council in the election it contested. Then, the Nigerian Youths movement (NYM) also emerged in 1936 and was restricted to Lagos and Ibadan. Since then till date, several political parties have emerged. The (3) prominent ones that emerged were the (NCNC); which was known as the National Council of Nigerian citizens, following the exist of Cameroon from Nigeria, formed in 1951. It was subscribed by the South –East ie 1960s and was headed late Dr. Nnamdi Azikiwe, the Northern people’s congress (NPC) formed in 1951. It was subscribed by the Hausa’s and headed by Tafawa Balewa and the Action Group (A.G) formed in the same era and it was subscribed by the Yorba ie westerns and headed by Chief Awolwo.
Between the independence and first Republic, the (3) dominant parties in the pre-independence era ie NCNC, NPC and AG were still dominating all. These parties were regionally and ethnically based political parties. In the second republic (1979-1983), there existed multi-partism. Five political parties were registered in December, 1978, such as (NPN), National party of Nigeria, (NPP), Nigerian people’s party, (GNPP), Great Nigerian people’s party, (PRP) people’s Redemption party and (UPM), United party of Nigeria and they still dominated second republic
In 1992-1993, the multi-party system was reduced to two part system by Gen. Ibrahim Babangida’s regime which was (SDP), Social Democratic Party, headed by late Chief Mko Abiola as its presidential flag bearer and (NRC), headed by Chief Bashrum Tafa. Following the collapse of the 3rd Republic and the emergence of late Gen. Sami Aba Chas military regime in November 1993, the Nation returned to multi-party system. These parties were: (UNCP); United Nigerian Congress party (NCPN), National Cenler party of Nigeria, (CNC) Congress National conencus and (GDM), Grass root Democratic movement.
However, with the demise of Abacha in 1998, the parties were all dissolved by the new regime of Abdusalami Abubakar in May, 1999. In this government, their was still emergence of multi-party system which nine (9) political parties contested for local government election in December 1999, of which three (30 parties namely; (PDP) people’s Democratic Party (APP), All people’s party and (AD) Alliance for Democracy were registered. Finally from the then till now, proliferation of political parties has become the order of the day and nobody has tried to give reasons why it is so.
In 1999, there was only (3) political parties, but by the time Abel Guobatia left INEC as the chairman in the year, 2005, the number increased to 30. Between 2006 till 2008, the number of political parties in Nigeria has increased to 50. All attempts made by Nigerian to know the reasons for this incessant proliferation of these parties has proved abortive. Although, professor Maunie Iwu the INCE Chairman said that the reason is to widen the space and to accommodate everybody. But political analyst are of the view that there are more to it than just what the eyes political parities have been registered to play specific roles, than wining election in 2007. Some of them was registered but they don’t have offices, couldn’t provide candidate to stand for them in election and in situation where they did it was political who used them to destabilize their opponents from other parties.
Observers are of the view that greed rather than political expedience gave rise to the formation of most political parties. Most of them are branch corporation entities of some politicians. Moreso, electoral malpractice such as rigging, papers, violence, abuse of the election process misuse of security personnel, bribery, favouritiss, sectionalism and ethnicity et al are all corrupt practices that are embeded in Nigeria in Nigerian party politics. It is as a result of the above mentioned —associated with Nigerian party polices that the researcher recognizes as a cankerworm that has eaten deep into the fabrics of party politics. However, it is against this drawback that the researcher found it important to carry out this research work to determine the extent to which corruption has ————- party politics in Nigeria.
PARTY POLITIC AND CORRUPTION IN NIGERIA 2003-2007
1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
Nigeria (48) years old country since her colonial and not enjoyed a peaceful political system devoid of corruption. This emanates from all the corrupt practices that characterizes her political system, such as sectionalism and ethnicity, incessant proliferation of political parties, electoral malpractices as a result of thus, this study is aimed at investigating partly politics and corruption in Nigeria. Thus, in the course of this research some questions which require answers are as follows below:
- Has corruption and effect on the pattern of party politics in Nigeria?
- What factors are forms of corruption in Nigerian politics between 2003 to 2007?