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PROJECT TOPIC- PERCEPTION OF THE PUBLIC TOWARDS THE TEACHING OF SEX EDUCATION IN SCHOOLS

PROJECT TOPIC- PERCEPTION OF THE PUBLIC TOWARDS THE TEACHING OF SEX EDUCATION IN SCHOOLS

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

  • 1. Background of the Study

Sexuality education is a topic which is highly both personal and public. It has been viewed even as a no go area by the churches, government and even families.

The guest for all teaching of sex education in schools mostly secondary schools has become very essential in this present time society. It follows that so many countries and cultures spread across the world are yet to support the introduction of sex education in school due to their beliefs. Cultural background and religious inclinations: but few other countries view teaching of sex education as a means of dialing with problems related to teas adolescents reproductive/health and sexual behaviours.

Sexuality is the major area of being human in a life time and it include things such as, sex, sexual orientation, gender identities and roles, intimacy. Pleasure and reproduction. Sexuality is experienced or expressed. Sexuality is influenced by the interaction of biological, psychological, social, economic.

Political’ ethical, legal, historical, historical, religious and spiritual factors (WHO, 2006). Collins (2008), argued that sexuality aspects of education encompasses about all of sexuality including information about family planning, reproduction, body image sexual orientation, sexual pleasure, values, decision making, communication, dating, relationship, sexually transmitted infection and how to avoid them and birth control methods.

In most African context especially in Nigeria sex education is seen as a taboo to be talked about. Generally, the adolescents are not allowed to have access to sexual health information because the society has the perception that such exposure will corrupt the child and he or she may likely be a victim of early sexually intercourse. A recent study carried out in Kano State in Northern Nigeria revealed that parent have a negative perception of sexuality education in schools because of their religious belief and social cultural norms and value. In contrast, teachers have positive attitude towards teaching of sex education in schools. Nevertheless studies in Nigeria have validated the introduction of sex education in schools. A cross-sectional study carried out in Kwara State, Nigeria reported that 78% of the respondents suggested that sex/education should be made compulsory in school.

However, the increasing cases of Unwanted pregnancies, abortions, sexually-transmitted diseases (STDS) early marriages among other things have been largely due to the failure of the parents and teachers to educate the children or sexuality.

It should be remarked here that the effects of pornographic firm in the internet, home videos and books have encouraged promiscuity among the youths and the spread of disease like HIV and AIDs, teen pregnancies inclusive.

Abakaliki Urban is not exempted from this rampart cases of teenage pregnancies, abortions, early marriage, HIV and AIDs, STDs and promiscuous Set.

It is in responses to these problems that this research is being carried out to study the perception of the public towards the teaching of sex education in Abakaliki Urban.

 

PROJECT TOPIC- PERCEPTION OF THE PUBLIC TOWARDS THE TEACHING OF SEX EDUCATION IN SCHOOLS

  • 2. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

It has been identified that up to fifty percent of the population of the world is below twenty years of age and are at greatest risk of reproductive and sex related problems; thereby making sex education the main cause of many issues of reproductive and sexual health among the people (Briggs 1991).

The recent research done in Southern part of Nigeria disclosed that fifty-five percent of female students in some secondary schools have involved themselves in sex at the age of 16 years and equally forty percent of them said that they have had one pregnancy before. Teenagers engage in terrible type of sexual activity either knowingly or unknowingly always lead to unplanned pregnancy, deadly abortion other infective diseases, and inability to complete school. Thus, it has led to bad health outcome in Nigeria.

However, these sexual and reproductive health issues cannot be separated without proper quality education about sex, it follows that these sexual health problem can be eradicated. If the public especially the teachers in school will give their proper support for education about sexuality to be added into the school course work and be taught as a single subject in secondary schools in Nigeria. This is due to the fact that a child stays with their teachers more in schools and their parent more in their homes. Also, children take their parents including teachers as their best friend and always try to imitate them in all things. (Eko Jimmy, Anede, C.

It follows stated that the ignorance of the importance of sex education has kept the youth with no choice than to learn through the hard way such as the internet per-groups and mass media which have become hazardous to sexual well-being

The negative perception/attitude directed towards sex education is now the issue confronting public most especially parent and young one in Abakaliki Urban.

Consequently, the increase in teenage pregnancies issue of STDs, early parenthood and high rate of abortion in Abakaliki, most of which were performed by wrong people have led to deaths or reproductive problems. The effect of all these is negatively telling on the children (adolescents) in Abakaliki Urban. If there should be hope for future generation. There is every need for public to support the creating of awareness of sexuality education in Nigeria Schools, as the only means of eradicating this Societal pandemic that is currently ravaging the nation particularly in Abakaliki Urban of Ebonyi State.

Furthermore, it is discovered that so many studies in Nigeria have come up with clashing interests of the public mainly the teachers and parents about the education of sexuality in schools in Nigeria. In the context of Abakaliki Urban of Ebonyi State, not enough documents on perception of the public (student, teachers and parents) towards the teaching of sex education in schools have been found. Therefore, it is in the context like this that this research work is meant to examine the perception of the public on the teaching of education about sexuality. A study of Abakaliki Urban, Ebonyi State Nigeria.

 

  • 3. RESEARCH QUESTION

This research seeks to address questions such as

  1.   What are the perception of the public about the creating of awareness of sexuality education in school in Abakaliki Urban?
  1. What are the consequences of non-teaching of education about sexuality in secondary schools of Abakaliki Urban as regards to teenage pregnancy?
  2. What are the ways to enhance the creating of awareness of sexuality education in secondary of Abakaliki Urban?
  3. What are the factors culturally militating against sexuality education teaching in schools in Abakaliki Urban?

 

  • 4 OBEJCTIVE OF THE RESEARCH

  1. The general objective of this research is to determine sociologically the perception of the public towards the teaching of sex education in school in Abakaliki urban.
  2. Specific Objectives.

The specific objectives of the study are:

  1. To examine culture as a factor militating against sexuality education teaching in schools in Abakaliki Urban.
  2. To discover in details how sex education should be taught in schools in Abakaliki urban.
  3. To view teenage pregnancy as a consequences of non-teaching of education about sexuality in schools in Abakaliki Urban.

    PROJECT TOPIC- PERCEPTION OF THE PUBLIC TOWARDS THE TEACHING OF SEX EDUCATION IN SCHOOLS

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