PROJECT TOPIC- POVERTY REDUCTION IN ENUGU STATE (1999- 2010)
This study centres on Poverty Reduction in Nigeria and in Enugu state precisely, between 1999- 2010. This becomes imperative because of the debilitating effects of poverty in Enugu State. The data for the study were gathered through primary and secondary sources. The primary source was through the administration of questionnaire and oral interview, while the secondary source include existing related literatures from textbooks, newspapers, journals, magazines, articles, and internet sources. The research work is divided into five chapters. The first chapter deals with the
introductory part of the work which is an overview of the whole work, it includes the statement of the problems of the study, objectives, significance, scope and Limitations of the study. The second chapter reviews literatures relating to Poverty Reduction Strategies. It hypothesizes that Poverty Alleviation Programmes such as SEEDS have reduced poverty in Enugu State and that corruption enhance poverty in Enugu State. It also operationalizes
some key concepts in the hypotheses. This chapter also covers the research methodology, which includes Sustainable Livelihood as its framework of analysis, methods of data collection, method of data analyses. The study adopts Reactive and Non- Reactive methods of generating data and employs the purposive sampling technique. The third chapter contains general information of Enugu State which is the area of the study, while the fourth chapter captures the analysis, presentation of data and the research findings. It makes use of simple percentages and chi-square in analyzing data.
The chapter five which is the last chapter summarizes, concludes and makes recommendations.
1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
Poverty has become endemic in Nigeria and Enugu state in particular, with almost 70% of the population living below the poverty line (WorldBank, 2010). Poverty implies all associated problems of low incomes, poor education, health, malnutrition, as well as social and political exclusion (Igbitayo, 2000). Poverty undermines development activities in Nigeria. The 2003 official statistics released by the Federal Office of Statistics (F.O.S.) shows
that the National Poverty Rate in Nigeria is projected at 70%, which amounts to 80 million people (Anuguo, 2003). This is alarming as two-thirds of the Nigerian population is poor and this is detrimental to the Nigerian socio-economic and political development.
The level of poverty in Enugu State therefore is no surprise, despite the huge human and material resources, which the state is endowed with. Available figures show that the incidence of poverty in Enugu state is about 60% (SEEDS, 2009).
Several regimes in Enugu State have repeatedly adopted several policies and programmes in order to improve the living conditions of the citizens. Yet, the rate of poverty in the State in is still nothing to write home about because the inefficiency and ineffectiveness of these programmes worsen the situation. This is in the light of the fact that the limited resources in the state’s coffers are used to no effect.
xii Economically, the future of Enugu state is very bleak. It is among the 36 states of the country that is faced with the debilitating problems of poverty, hunger, environmental/ecological degradation, political instability, hunger and bad governance among others. Although poverty has been a major problem in Nigeria as more than half of its total population is languishing in abject penury, Enugu state is close to being the worst hit despite its
enormous human and material endowment. According to the World Bank Report (1996), the greater percentages of Nigerians are living below the universal poverty line of US $1 per day. Nigerian population is projected at between 115 to 120 million people, out of which are 66% or 70 million people are classified as being poor (National Population Commission, 2000 and UNDP Report, 2001).
Worst still is the fact that most of the citizens of Enugu State graduate from higher schools of learning without sufficient employment opportunities for them.
PROJECT TOPIC- POVERTY REDUCTION IN ENUGU STATE (1999- 2010)
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Poverty reduction and alleviation has become an issue of discussion in Nigeria at large and Enugu State in particular, owing to the fact that majority of its citizens are languishing in abject poverty. According to the World Bank Report (1996), sub-Saharan Africans, including Nigerians are among the world’s poorest class of people in terms of Gross National Product (GNP), and access to social and political life. Enugu State is not exceptional.
Over the years, the State government have embarked on several poverty alleviation programmes, which includes the Better Life for Rural Women Programme (BLRWP) also called the Family Support Programmes (FSP), National Directorate of Employment (NDE) and National Poverty Eradication Programmes (NAPEP) and the recently concluded state poverty alleviation strategy known as the State Empowerment and Economic Development Strategy (SEEDS) 2004 to 2009.
Despite the government’s effort to reduce poverty in the state, the rate of poverty is still on the increase. This is evident in the high number of political thugs, sex hawkers and miscreants etc, roaming the streets of Enugu state.
In the light of this prevailing situation, it is necessary therefore to raise some vital questions to strengthen the above problem.
– How has the poverty alleviation programmes that have been implemented in Enugu state, affected the lives of the poor masses?
– Why is the poverty level in Enugu State high?
– Is corruption a cause of poverty in Enugu State?
– How can poverty be reduced in Enugu State in other to
improve the living conditions of the populace?
1.3 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
The main objective of this study is to determine ways of reducing poverty in Enugu State. Specifically, the objectives are as follows;-
1. To ascertain how far the poverty alleviation programmes and policies have affected the lives of the masses.
2. To examine whether poverty level in Enugu state is high.
3. To investigate whether corruption is a cause of poverty in Enugu State.
4. To recommend solutions towards reducing poverty in Enugu state, in order to improve the living conditions of the populace.