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PROJECT TOPIC- PROBLEMS ASSOCIATED WITH TEACHING PRACTICE EXERCISE AMONG STUDENT-TEACHERS IN AFIKPO NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA

PROJECT TOPIC- PROBLEMS ASSOCIATED WITH TEACHING PRACTICE EXERCISE AMONG STUDENT-TEACHERS IN AFIKPO NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA

Abstract

This research work focused on the Problems Associated with Teaching Practice Exercise among Student-Teachers in Afikpo North Local Government Area of Ebonyi State. Five research questions were formulated to guide the study which is inline with the purpose. The study adopted a descriptive survey research design. The population of this study comprised of 100 student-teachers. The entire population of 100 respondents were used as the sample size. The instrument for data collection was a self-structured questionnaire which was validated by three experts, two from the Department of Educational Foundations and one from Measurement and Evaluation option of Science Education Department all in Ebonyi State University. Pearson Product Moment Co-relation Co-efficient which yielded 0.82 were adopted to test reliability of the instrument. Mean (x) statistics was used to analyzed the data collected. The findings among others things that: non-payment of teaching practice allowance to student-teachers contributes to the poor performance of the student-teachers, lack of accommodation hinders the performance of the student –teachers during teaching practice and inadequate provision of instructional materials during teaching practice contributes to student-teachers ineffectiveness during teaching practice. Based on the findings, the study recommended that: Government should make a provision for payment of teaching practice- allowance, so as to motivates and increase the performance of student-teacher, Government should also add more effort in provision of instructional   materials to secondary schools in rural areas, like Afikpo North Local Government Area, for effective performance of student-teacher and tutors and Principals   and   school   authorities   should   provide accommodation to student-teachers, so as to reduce their stresses. Finally, educational implications were highlighted and conclusion and suggestions for further studies were drawn.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background to the Study

Indeed, the duty of a teacher not an easy one, but experience has shown that it can be made simple and pleasurable. Teaching that is effective should facilitate and enhance learning, which should lead to the achievement of the teaching-learning objectives. Teaching practice according to Nwani and Okoprie (2007:26), “refers to an apprenticeship or internship that constitute the gate way to teaching profession”.

They equally explained that teaching practice is not a period of trial, but a preparatory programme, during which the student-teacher learns the actual work of the teacher in the classroom and out of class experiences. It is the practical aspect of teacher education course, that gives a student-teacher the opportunity to try out some of the theories and principles he has learnt in the classroom. In the same vein, Olatunji and Olantunji (2006:2), viewed teaching practice experience as “an opportunity for the would be teacher, to put into practice under the watchful eyes of his clinical supervisors, the principles, theories and practices to which he has been exposed in his classroom studies. It is the period of experimentation, consolidation and internalization”.

Equally, the teaching practice exercise is associated with numerous problems. For instance, interaction with many students who are on teaching practice, disclosed that trainee teachers encounter many problems. Some the problem they mentioned include: The problem of too much teaching load on student teachers in their posted school, the withdrawal of teaching practice allowance by government and students’ poor financial stand, Nonchalant attitudes of some student teachers, lack of accommodation and poor environmental conditions of posting place, problem of school organization and administration, and the problem of student teachers’ relationship with the students, teachers and the community.

However the student teachers equally have responsibilities. The responsibilities are ranging from individual effort to surmount the problem of transition from university or college, to the school system and to the level of learners, which maintained all those connected with improvement of teaching and learning. The student teachers are the ambassadors of the institution they came from to their posting schools.

That is why Akuma and Okorie (2007:29), pointed out that, “success or failure of student teachers reflects on the institution that prepared them, and also reveals the personality of the student teacher”. Therefore, they should discharge their duties effectively and set good moral and academic standards, in their practicing school. On the light of the aforementioned, it is very nice to know who is a good teacher, and what differentiate a good teacher from others.

A good teacher is that person who has good method of teaching, and as well makes all the deference in child’s development through the school system. Aja (2011:29) enumerated the features of a good teacher. According   to   him,   “specific   personnel   and   professional qualities required of a teacher include modesty,   honesty, intelligent,   hard   work,   creativity,   democratic,   moral   and emotional stability, mastery of his subject matter, interested and   loyal   to   his   profession,   effective   class   control   good command   of language and   ability to advance   knowledge through     research”.  

Hence,     personal, academic and professional qualities, distinguish good teachers from others. A good teacher is patience, has sound interpersonal skills, exemplary   in   behavior   and   dressing,   reliable   and   has genuine interest in the welfare of the   earners, prepared to work beyond the call of duty for the sake of the children, bringing about change to individual learners’ and as well driven   by   learners”   and as well driven by learners need rather than   financial   or   other material rewards. Therefore, student teachers are expected to possess good qualities mentioned above, to enable them increase their performance in school.

PROJECT TOPIC- PROBLEMS ASSOCIATED WITH TEACHING PRACTICE EXERCISE AMONG STUDENT-TEACHERS IN AFIKPO NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA

Statement of the Problems

Teaching practice can be said to be a double functional exercise within the “field” to acquire some practical experiences in order to shapen the student-teacher up for the profession and evaluate such student-teacher in terms of the amount and quality of professional learning that has taken place in them. Student-teachers undergoing teaching practice tend to regard it as essentially an evaluative programme.

Almost forgetting that they are also meant to exercise themselves on the field. They are therefore mainly concerned and interested in the evaluation (grade) aspect. Hence, the tendency to put up a good performance in the presence of the supervisor, the display and usage of teaching aids, chalkboard, diagrams and sketches. All in a bid to obtain good grades while reverse is almost the case when not under supervision.

Also noticed is the fact that student-teachers are also full of enthusiasm at initial state of the exercise and generally have the drive towards activity participating in the exercise. As time goes on, one discovers that they become relaxed and seem not willing to put in their best anymore. This is further expressed after the period of teaching practice when they put on an expression of “Thank God, it’s all over”.

Notwithstanding, the students passing through the exercise are faced with a lot of difficulties such as: lack of financial assistance for transportation and up keep, lack of conducive accommodations, students embarrassment in the area of recruited main teachers served as a great problems.   They do have a cause to rejoice, having gone through the rigours of teaching practice successfully, but they make it seem so much more of a burden than a gainful exercise.

The question now is “how ready (mentally) are they to put what they have learnt into practice when they finally go into full-time teaching”. Knowing fully well that those qualities displayed before the supervisor were as a result of the academic reward behind it. On the contrary, teaching practice is meant to help them cultivate teaching habits such that the teaching process becomes part and parcel of them. With this abnormal exhibition, this study sort to investigate into the problems associated with teaching practice exercise among student-teachers in Afikpo North Local Government Area of Ebonyi State.

Purpose of the Study

         The main purpose of this study was to find out the problems student-teachers encounter during teaching practice exercise, in Afikpo North Local Government Area.Specifically: the study sought to:

  1. Ascertain how non payment of teaching practice allowance to student-teachers contribute to the poor performance of the student-teachers.
  2. Determine how lack of accommodation hinders the performance of the student –teachers during teaching practice.
  3. Find out how excessive work load during teaching practice hinders performance of student-teachers.
  4. Ascertain how inadequate provision of instructional materials during teaching practice contributes to student-teachers ineffectiveness during teaching practice.

Significance of the study

This research project has been prepared with aim of finding out the problems student-teachers encounter during teaching practice exercise in Afikpo North Local Government area.

The   findings   will   be   of   immense   benefits   to   the following people;

  1. Government
  2. Teachers and principals in secondary schools.
  3. Expectant teaching practice students.
  4. Supervisors

Government will see this findings very crucial to them. The findings of this study will reveal to government the fact that, despite their effort to provide instructional materials to all the public schools, there are some schools in the rural areas that are still suffering from insufficient instructional materials in Afikpo North Local Government Area. Through this findings, government will also understand that, the provision of teaching practice allowance, helps student-teachers to discharge their duties effectively.

The teachers and principals in secondary schools will also benefit from this findings. It will be of immense help to understand the secret that, their attitudes towards student-teachers influence their performance in their posting school. Through this findings,they will realized that both teachers, principal and students in secondary schools have roles to play in providing a conducive environment to student-teachers.

Expectant teaching practice students of various teacher trainee institutions, will view this findings as a help to understand the possible problems, student-teachers undergo, during teaching practice exercise. The knowledge will be of encouragement for them, to surmount the problems with ease, during their own teaching practice. Through the knowledge they got from this findings as well, they will be more committed to the exercise.

Supervisors will also benefit from this findings. It will make them know that, the first week of teaching practice is always a stressful one to student teachers. By this knowledge, they will learn not to rush for supervision on first week.

Scope of the study

The research only limited the study to the student-teachers, on teaching practice in secondary schools, in Afikpo North Local Government Area. The content of this project is limited to problems student-teachers encounter during teaching practice exercise, in Afikpo North Local Government Area.

Research Questions

The following research questions guided the study:

  1. How does non payment of teaching practice allowance to student-teachers contribute to the poor performance of the student-teachers?
  2. How does lack of accommodation hinders the performance of the student –teachers during teaching practice?
  3. How does excessive work load during teaching practice hinders the performance of student-teachers?

How does inadequate provision of instructional materials during teaching practice contribute to student-teachers ineffectiveness during teaching practice?

PROJECT TOPIC- PROBLEMS ASSOCIATED WITH TEACHING PRACTICE EXERCISE AMONG STUDENT-TEACHERS IN AFIKPO NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA

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