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PROJECT TOPIC- PROBLEMS AND STRATEGIES FOR IMPROVING SECONDARY SCHOOL ADMINISTRATION IN AFIKPO SOUTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EBONYI STATE

PROJECT TOPIC- PROBLEMS AND STRATEGIES FOR IMPROVING SECONDARY SCHOOL ADMINISTRATION IN AFIKPO SOUTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EBONYI STATE

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background to the Study

Education, as the foundation of all societies and the globally competitive economies, is the most efficient way through which a society can face the challenges of today and tomorrow. It is the best instrument for reducing poverty, inequality, improving health, enabling the use of technologies, creating and spreading knowledge (The World Bank Group, 2004). It is a positive preparation for life and in life (Achumonye, 2006).

Suffice it to say that well administered education would equip the individuals with the capacity to understand and adapt to the new problems and the changing situations, awaken intellectual curiosity, encourage their spirit of inquiry and make them inventive, self-reliant and resourceful. Education is said to be the key that unlocks the development of personal and national potential and all other kinds of rights and powers in the world.

The increasing awareness of the importance of education for sustainable development in Africa is paramount. Nigeria as a nation strives toward the provision of quality and affordable education for its citizens through the guiding principle of National Policy on Education (2004). The guiding principles of education in Nigeria is the equipping of every citizens with acquisition of knowledge, desirable skills, attitude and values, as well as to enable him or her to derive maximum benefits from his or her society and also contribute his quota meaningfully towards the development of the nation at large. Secondary school education is one among the levels of education in Nigeria.

On attaining Independence as a nation in 1960, what seemed a major concern to most Nigerian leaders then was how education would be accessible to all citizens of the newly created nation.  Education was seen as the necessary instrument immediately and essentially for the consolidation of the independence, for securing the new nation against neo-colonialism and for making workable, the newly established self-government in a multi-ethnic society (Olaniyi, 2012).

The desire to use education for nation building was (and is still) very compelling and so much was the faith in education that the schools of the nation were not only meant for political socialization, but also for other social functions and for economic growth.  To achieve these goals, Universal Primary Education (UPE) was introduced nationwide in 1976, although hitherto, this has been practiced in some parts of the country.

Toward the end of the second decade of achieving nationhood status, Nigeria witnessed a phenomenal expansion at all levels of her education (Olaniyi, 2012). When the issue of Nigeria education system today is raised, the thought that come to mind are: decline in standard, deterioration of facilities, examination malpractices, mass promotion syndrome and the like before any other thing else.

This calls for an in-depth study and analysis aimed at tutoring each and every stakeholder in the education system on how their actions have individually and collectively contributed to the collapsing state of education in Nigeria. In any case, knowledge and skill acquisition which education is all about cannot be over emphasized. According to the World Bank (2013), “successful development entails more than investing in physical capital, or closing the gap in capital. It also entails acquiring and using knowledge as well as closing the gaps in knowledge”.

Similarly, Fafunwa (1900) defines education as “the aggregate of all the processes by which a child or adult develops the abilities, attitudes and other forms of behaviour, which are of positive value to the society in which he lives. That is to say, it is a process of disseminating knowledge either to ensure social control or to guarantee rational direction of the society or both.” Response however  will be its factors affecting the progress of secondary schools stemming from the incidence of examination malpractice – poor facilities – indiscriminate mass promotion syndrome in schools. The causes of these could be traced to:

  • Government insensitivity to education needs
  • Government and private institutions open encouragement of low productivity, and
  • Lack of the spirit of hard-work among growing number of students (Fafunwa 1900).

It is expected that as the society quickly changes, new skills, new methods, new attitudes, new instructional materials and equipment should be provided in the schools. Thus, the expectation that school administration today, should be effective and involve to a large extent, functions which require modern management techniques, that is, a combination of skills required for managing not only human, financial and material resources but also time and change.

Undoubtedly, effective school administration is indispensable today for effective realization of the educational policy statements. In fact, there can be no meaningful/purposeful self and national growth and sustainable development in the society without effective school administration. It is the school administrator that gives direction to education policy implementation and change management.

The school administrator has the onerous task of leading efficiently and effectively in the development and management of the school resources. He ensures satisfactory standards in the maintenance of the school environment. As an administrator of a school, he plays a leading role in improving the quality of teaching and learning. He constantly keeps in view the educational goals of the school and ensures the whole school activities are geared towards achievement of the educational goals. From the foregoing, the study tried to ascertain problems and strategies for improving secondary school administration in Afikpo South Local Government Area of Ebonyi State.

PROJECT TOPIC- PROBLEMS AND STRATEGIES FOR IMPROVING SECONDARY SCHOOL ADMINISTRATION IN AFIKPO SOUTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EBONYI STATE

Statement of the Problem

The society expected the school administrators to quickly adjust or adapt to the changes and innovations as an attempt to achieve equilibrium. Consequently, pressure is mounting everyday on the school administrators to improve on the quality of their schools’ graduates to meet the global trend. Parents and other education stakeholders accuse principals of not being conscientious in their work.

The teachers are not even left out; hence some parents are employing the services of part-time teachers to enhance their wards’ performances at school. But this practice has not helped the matter either. It must be appreciated that school effectiveness depends on the nature of the school environment and largely on the quality of school administration provided by the individual school principal.

While speculations are wide spread that principals are not professionally committed to their duties in the schools, it is not immediately clear the extent the principals are provided with adequate number of human and material resources or whether there are problems challenging them in their bid to administer their schools effectively. Hence, principals of secondary schools in Afikpo South LGA of Ebonyi State have been facing a lot of administrative challenges ranging from poor funding, poor planning, lack of community involvement and inadequate supervision by government through its agencies like the Secondary education Board (SEB).

As a result of these challenges, it has not been very easy for secondary school principals to achieve the desired educational objectives in the area. It is on this basis that this study focuses on investigating how poor funding, poor planning, lack of community participation in improving secondary schools and inadequate supervision constitute the problems facing secondary school administration and consequently, finding strategies for improving secondary school administration in Afikpo South Local Government Area of Ebonyi State.

Purpose of the study

This study tried to ascertain problems and strategies for improving secondary school administration in Afikpo South Local Government Area of Ebonyi State. Specifically, the study sought to determine:

  1. The problems of secondary school administration in Afikpo South LGA of Ebonyi State.
  2. The causes of the problems in secondary school administration in Afikpo South LGA of Ebonyi State.
  3. The possible ways of improving secondary school administration in Afikpo South LGA of Ebonyi State.

Significance of the study

This study is geared towards ascertaining the problems and strategies for improving secondary school administration in Afikpo South Local Government Area of Ebonyi State. The findings of this study will be of great benefit to school administrators, government, the Parents-Teachers’ Association, the students, researchers and other users of information.

To the school administrators, the findings of the study will help in identifying the problems that has hindered the effective administration of secondary schools and strategies towards improving secondary school administration.

To the government, it will help in identifying the areas that needs to be given attention in secondary schools in Afikpo South Local Government Area of Ebonyi State and how to help them by providing the needed instructional materials cum resources, proper funding etc.

To the Parents-Teachers’ Association, it will help them to know the core areas to be looked at and address during their meetings as well as their involvement in improving the secondary school administration in Afikpo South Local Government Area of Ebonyi State.

Finally, to other researchers and other users of information, the study finding will serve as a good source of literature as well as reference point to develop more academic works.

Scope of the study

This study is limited to ascertaining the problems and strategies for improving secondary school administration in Afikpo South Local Government Area of Ebonyi State. The study is focused on examining the problems, causes and possible ways of improving secondary school administration in Afikpo South Local Government Area of Ebonyi State.

Research Questions

The following research questions were formulated to guide the study:

  1. What are the problems of secondary school administration in Afikpo South LGA of Ebonyi State?
  2. What are the causes of the problems of secondary school administration in Afikpo South LGA of Ebonyi State.
  3. What are the ways of improving secondary school administration in Afikpo South LGA of Ebonyi State.

PROJECT TOPIC- PROBLEMS AND STRATEGIES FOR IMPROVING SECONDARY SCHOOL ADMINISTRATION IN AFIKPO SOUTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EBONYI STATE

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