PROJECT TOPIC- PROBLEMS OF TEACHING ECONOMICS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN NJIKOKA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ANAMBRA STATE

Abstract

This study examined and found out the problems of teaching of Economics in Njikoka Local Government Area of Anambra State. The population was limited to ten (10) schools out of twenty two (22) secondary schools, five hundred and ten (510) teachers and twelve thousand one hundred and twenty five (12,125) students Njikoka L.G.A. the research was motivated by the number of problems faced by the teachers in teaching of Economics in secondary schools. The study identify the major weakness of students, that students do not have the study habits and that majority of students do not concentrate during study. The purpose of the study is to examine whether there is no sufficient trained teachers and to identify how teaching strategies affect the teaching of economics. Research questionnaires were formulated from the purpose of  the study. The researcher obtain the necessary data and also used personal observation. The research design employed is survey research. The sample used is simple random sampling technique. The method of data analysis mean. The respondents are two hundred (200) teachers and students. The researcher recommended that government should mount enlightenment campaign to educate the student on the importance of economics, provide facilities, materials and opportunities for further training. The researcher suggested that further research work should be carried out on the use of instructional materials in teaching of Economics.

Chapter one

Introduction

Background to the Study

Every human activity has its own attendant problems. This is true of all fields of human endeavour, including the field of production particularly where new ideas, concepts, methods, practise or innovation being tried out.Some writers, educationists and researchers on the subject including Lawal (1977), Udu and Agu (1994), Okafor (1996), Onyekwu (1997) have in their various works and teachings stressed the

importance of this subject in the socio-economic development of the country. They were of the view that the study of Economics will help individuals, groups of students and the political class to know how to make choice, allocate resources and economize the resources available to them for the betterment of the society.

It is in recognition of the role the teaching and learning of the subject is to play in the socio-economics was include as one of the subjects to be taught in secondary schools throughout the country in the National Policy on Education (NPE) 1981. According to Okafor (1996:25) said that Economics enables secondary school students and indeed the entire society to learn about resources allocation, planning, decision making, organization and management of scarce resources available.

To achieve this, both the state and Federal Ministry of Education provides secondary school instructional material and teachers to impact the desired knowledge to the students. Teachers were also sent for refresher courses sandwich programs, seminars, conferences and workshops. The eras that have not received enough in the past years, is the period which witness unprecedented explosion in the number of schools and students population in Nigeria in Vocational Education.

Enough emphasis has not been given to this type of Nigeria. This era of Vocational Education is also extended to today’s school system. In recent years, Education authorities and individuals as well as various state governments in this country have compiled and published articles on the need for Economics and vocational education in our nation building and development.

The factors which are responsible for the ugly situation are yet to be known. This is the main aim of this study to investigate the problem of teaching Economics subject in secondary schools in Njikoka Local Government Area. With the problem in mind, the researcher wants to make it clear that those problems of teaching Economics in Secondary Schools in Anambra State has been identified as the bedrock for the survival of Education.

It is therefore advisable that the Government and indeed the Educational Administrators should put their respective hands on deck in order to promote the teaching of Economics in Njikoka Local Government Area of Anambra State. Government should budget money for the purpose of teaching equipment for Economics subject.

They should also send regular inspection team to all schools to ensure that these equipments are bought and installed. Guidance and counselling units should be provided with the place of Economics subject both in the labour market and future career. The Economics students should be sent Industrial Attachment (IT) during vocational and allowances be paid to them.

This will go a long way in boosting their morale and interest in the subject. Excursions should be organised at regular intervals as well as seminars. This will expose the students to the introduction of new office equipments. Having identified and analyzed these problems, on the findings of this research work, the researcher hopes that the suggestions will help the government to improve the teaching of Economics in secondary schools in Njikoka Local Government Area of Anambra State.

Parents should teach and play their roles accordingly. They should be well screened and staff discipline instilled so that teachers would take their work serious. This in effect, in the long run facilitate the improvement of classroom instructional behaviour and students’ academic performance.

Statement of the Problem

This research work is used to find out the problems that affect the teaching  of Economics in secondary schools. It has been discovered in this study that students were not able to understand Economics because of the follows:

1). That there are no resources for effective teaching and learning of Economics which has positively affected students achievement in Economics.

2). That teachers in secondary schools have no knowledge in teaching of Economics.

3). That teachers do not make use of instructional materials in teaching of Economics which is responsible for students poor performance in Economics.

PROJECT TOPIC- PROBLEMS OF TEACHING ECONOMICS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN NJIKOKA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ANAMBRA STATE

The Purpose of the Study

The study is to enhance the teaching and learning of Economics and to find out some of the problems that militate against the teaching of Economics in secondary schools in Njikoka Local Government Area of Anambra State. Specifically, the study shall;

  • Examine whether there are no sufficient trained teachers in secondary schools in Njikoka Local Government Area.
  • Find out if there is not significant textbooks in Economics in secondary schools in Njikoka Local Government Area.
  • Identify how teaching strategies affect the teaching of Economics in Njikoka Local Government Area.
  • Investigate whether the teachers in Njikoka Local Government Area secondary schools do not employ the inquiry approach method in the teaching of Economics.

Significance of the Study

A study such as this in the present circumstance has some claim of significance. Economics as a new discipline introduced in the Nigerian Educational Curriculum still poses problem in the teaching of the subject in Njikoka Local Government Area of Anambra State. Despite the efforts made in secondary schools to raise the standard of education which suppose to have fallen,little efforts are being made to improve the teaching of Economics in secondary schools, sometimes, it is totally neglected.

It was in response to the comment from the principals and teachers that the writer had to do the study to identify the problems that hindered the proper teaching of the subject and make suggestion much hopefully would help to improve the teaching of the subject in Njikoka Local Government Area of Anambra State.

Equally, the information provided shall be beneficial to students, teachers and the entire society at large since social science involves the study of how people allocate their limited resources to provide them for their wants.

Scope of Study

The study had aimed at identifying some of the problems that hinder the effective teaching of Economics in secondary schools in Njikoka Local Government Area of Anambra State. Many schools were involved in the study of the problem. It covers all classes from SS1 to SS3 out of 22 schools, the following schools were selected for the study:

  • Girls secondary school, Nimo,
  • Community Secondary School, Abagana,
  • Girls Secondary School Enugukwu,
  • Michael Secondary School, Abacha.
  • Abba Technical Secondary School,
  • Girls High School Ukpo,
  • Community Secondary School, Ezi Owerri.
  • Girls secondary school Abacha
  • Abattete community secondary school
  • Enugu Agidi community secondary school


Research Questions

The following research questions were formulated for use in the course of this study;

  • To what extent has the insufficiency of trained teachers affected the teaching of Economics in Njikoka Local Government Area?
  • To what extent does insufficient textbooks affect Economics in secondary schools in Njikoka Local Government Area of Anambra State?
  • What are the strategies for effective teaching of Economics in Njikoka Local Government Area?
  • What method do teachers in Njikoka Local Government Area secondary schools employ in the teaching of Economics?

PROJECT TOPIC- PROBLEMS OF TEACHING ECONOMICS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN NJIKOKA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ANAMBRA STATE

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