PRODUCTIVITY BARGAINING STRATEGIES FOR THE NIGERIAN POLICE FORCE A STUDY OF EBONYI STATE POLICE COMMAND

PROJECT TOPIC- PRODUCTIVITY BARGAINING STRATEGIES FOR THE NIGERIAN POLICE FORCE A STUDY OF EBONYI STATE POLICE COMMAND

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background of the Study

Organizations are social units of people, systematically structured and managed to meet a need or to pursue collective goals on a continuing basis. Every organization whether formal or informal have a management structure that determines the relationships between functions and positions, and subdivides and delegates roles, responsibilities and authority to carry out defined task (Akpala, 1990).

Every organization, whether profit-making or non-profit making is established with a view to achieving certain objectives. Nigeria police force (NPF) is an agency established by the federal government saddled with the responsibility of maintaining internal security and also the protection of lives and properties of the citizens. Being a service oriented organization, the Nigeria police should strive to live up to its responsibilities and this can be achieved through the collaborative efforts of the men of the Nigeria police force.

There should be a negotiation between the police force and the federal and state government and the need to make a number of changes in working practices which will go along way in enhancing their performance for an increased pay. This is the idea behind productivity bargaining. Organizations today are faced with the challenges of increasing productivity in a highly competitive environment and at the same time, the demands and expectations of workforce are high because of the increasing cost of living conditions.

Productivity refers to the measure of how well resources are brought together in an organization and utilized for accomplishing a set of results (Imaga, 2007). Productivity bargaining in a nutshell is a process by which workers and their unions bargain with employers on the need to make a number of changes in working practices that will lead to more economic efficiency of production and other undertakings of the company in a more concrete terms as a necessary condition for higher level of pay, increased leisure and other Benefits (Anugwom, 2007).

It is a system of payment by results which means that productivity agreement may be essential where working practices need changing rather than where the essential purpose is simply to encourage greater efforts. It is worthy of note that in Nigeria, from 2003 till date, two presidential committees have been established to review the Nigeria police force and make recommendation for reforming the institution with a view to improving its work force (clean foundation, 2008). In productivity bargaining as opined by Ubeku (1975), the changes in the interest of efficiency must be seen as the integral part of the bargaining and as a necessary contribution to meet the cost of the advantages conceded to workers.

PROJECT TOPIC- PRODUCTIVITY BARGAINING STRATEGIES FOR THE NIGERIAN POLICE FORCE A STUDY OF EBONYI STATE POLICE COMMAND

1.2 Statement of Problem

There are some problems   which militates against the performance of Nigeria police force. These problems include poor performance and low image due to the recruitment of over- aged and sub- standard candidates with doubtful qualifications and criminal records. Secondly, there has been conflict between police service commission and Inspector General of Police (IGP) in the area of promotion of officers and the appointment of State Commissioners of police due to inadequate communication and consultations. Undue interference and control of police force by partisan political office holder’s posses a big threat to police activities.

There are also poor self development programme in the police force which affects their development. In conjunction with these problems, a lot of training and development activities designed and implemented do not give the men of the Nigerian Police Force the required skills to enable them perform their duties creditably. Staff courses or training are not allowed to exist in a good atmosphere or allowing the people who are qualified for the training. Instead, a lot of political undertone will not allow the main worker meant for the training to be trained.

Finally, the ways of handling gender based crimes are very poor. All these problems mentioned above will eventually lead to inefficiency, ineffectiveness and very poor performance within the Nigeria Police Force if not well handled.

1.3 Objectives of the Study

(i.) The main objective of this study is to fashion or identify the factors or forces responsible for the declining productivity or performances of the Nigerian Police Force.

(ii) To Identify productivity bargaining strategies that can be used to increase the efficiency of the Nigerian Police Force.

1.4 Research Questions

(i) What are the factors or forces responsible for the declining productivity of the Nigerian police force?

(ii) What are the productivity bargaining strategies that can be used to increase the efficiency of Nigerian police force?

1.5 Research Hypotheses

Research Hypothesis 1

Ho: There are no forces or factors responsible for the declining productivity of the Nigerian police force.

H1: There are some factors responsible for the declining productivity of the Nigerian police force.

Research Hypothesis 2

Ho: There are no productivity bargaining strategies that can be used to increase the efficiency of Nigerian police force.

H1: There are several productivity bargaining strategies that can be used to increase the efficiency of Nigerian police force.

1.6 Scope of the Study

This study was carried out at Ebonyi State police command Headquarters which is located at Udensi Area, opposite Government House Abakaliki.

In terms of research coverage, it focuses on productivity Bargaining strategies for the Nigerian police force with particular reference to Ebonyi State Police Command.

1.7 Limitations of the Study

          The researcher encountered some difficulties in carrying out this work. There is difficulty in securing relevant data because most respondents were very reluctant to give out vital information. Time constraint is also another problem. This research work was carried out along side other class work within a very short period of time.

          Finally, inadequate finance is another constraint suffered by the researcher. This is because; a research of this nature involves traveling to different areas in search of adequate data.

1.8 Significance of the Study

This work will be of immense benefit to students, academia and subsequent researchers who would want to study any aspect of the topic (productivity bargaining strategies for Nigeria police force). This work will serve as a secondary data source. Also, this work will be of immense benefit to management of any organization with a view to finding the causes of employee’s low productivity, inefficiency and solution to the problems.

Furthermore, it will help practicing managers, even in other areas, to appreciate the need for productivity bargaining as a catalyst for higher productivity. As a researcher, this work will help to expand the scope of my knowledge. Also the school authority will use it as basis for my award of B.Sc degree.

PROJECT TOPIC- PRODUCTIVITY BARGAINING STRATEGIES FOR THE NIGERIAN POLICE FORCE A STUDY OF EBONYI STATE POLICE COMMAND 

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