Our Blog

List of recently published project topics and materials

PROJECT TOPIC: THE RELEVANCE OF SOVEREIGN NATIONAL CONFERENCE IN ELIMINATING POLITICAL CRISIS IN NIGERIA

THE RELEVANCE OF SOVEREIGN NATIONAL CONFERENCE IN ELIMINATING POLITICAL CRISIS IN NIGERIA

 

         ABSTRACT

The relevance of Sovereign National Conference in eliminating political crisis in Nigeria could be traced from the on-going debate by the ethnic nationalities on the ethnic minority marginalisation and the exploitation by the majority group as it retards the development of the minority group. Also, the glamour for sovereign National Conference as a way forward to remedy the ugly situation in the country, following the “Amalgam” in 1914 by Lord Lugard which is more or less a political creation for self interest as it favours some ethnic group to the detriment of the others.

However, the observation made so far as to curb the ugly incident or to proffer solution as it creates political instability in the country. Therefore, restructuring the political system vis-à-vis various constitutional conferences being held in various regions, thereafter the issue of Federal Character System, establishment of Federal (unity) School and National Orientation Agency, all these are to ensure peace, progress and unity in the country, because of its heterogeneity in nature and equally to observe the spirit of oneness (unity in diversity). Finally, all the above points contributed to the peaceful co-existence in the country (one Nigeria).

 

        CHAPTER ONE

        INTRODUCTION

 

Having experienced many years of military rule characterised by various forms of violation of peoples’ right and freedom, killing of perceived and real enemies, making the people inconsequential, Nigerians heaved sighs of relief with the eventual handover of power to a “democratically elected government “ in may 29th, 1999, expecting the incumbent government to fulfil their dreams .The hope of the people was based on the fact that military government are aberration and this can hardly be compelled under the law to listen to the yearnings and aspirations of the people. This new hope was premised on the assumption that the Obasanjo led civil rule will listen to the crisis of domination and deprivation by the electorate, especially, those who feel short changed by the existing Nigerian order.

Moreover, with a few months to the end of the tenure of the much-heralded democratic government, this administration has left much to be desired. This explains the persistent crises of marginalisation from almost all the zones making up the federation, calls for a confederation by Eastern governors as a reaction to religions crisis in the North. In fact since the inception of the Obasanjo’s administration, there have been an upsurge of disintegrative manifestations further threatening the fragile, peaceless and artificial union

The present government just like its predecessor has continued to pretend that all is well and manifesting the military orientation of the Head by using coercive instrument to deter agitators especially when it comes from those treated as inferior groups. The central government that is supposed to protect the other levels from oppression has become the master oppressor. In this regard Prof. Sagay wrote, “We must strive for independence from the federal government which is so oppressive…it is an agency that is suffocating the rest of the country “ This government has continually depleted the sphere of jurisdiction of the states.

Emphatically, one would have thought the genocide in Odi and others like it would have silenced the voices of those dissatisfied with the structure of the Nigeria federalism. In other words, the motive behind the agitation for a new Nigerian order is a pointer that the National question is unanswered and until proper consideration and attention is given to this very important issue The problems of Nigeria political system can be traced to the marginalization of the minority ethnic group considering the fact that the North and west have monopolised highest echlom of the political position.

From the ongoing, the rights and privileges of the minorities are denied as a result of the political differences emanating from the ethnic differences. Objectives and aims geared towards political restructure had been in total disarray. Actually they had not arrived at a conclusion from all the ethnic groups.

However, Nigeria independence on 1st October, 1960, as a way forward for the unifications of all the various ethnic groups has rather added salt to injury based on the slogan “ONE NIGERIA”. It is a mere political creation in order to achieve their selfish interest, Federal character system no longer upheld. It is based on political god fatherism. The country’s resources are diverted to a particular ethnic group to the detriment of the other. Marginalization and exploitation have become the order of the day. The above point should be adequately taken care of otherwise Nigeria will continue to represent a practical example of inevitability of instability 

 

THE RELEVANCE OF SOVEREIGN NATIONAL CONFERENCE IN ELIMINATING POLITICAL CRISIS IN NIGERIA

  1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

Before independence, Nigeria has been in a turmoil with continued ethnic political and religions crises. Beginning with the Major Isaac Boro-led agitation for the breakaway from Nigeria following the declaration of the Sovereign State of Biafra that led to Nigeria civil war which; lasted for thirty months. It later took a new dimension in the activities of Uwazurike-led MASSOB movement for the Actualisation of the sovereign state of Biafra. There is also the Ogoni bill of right demanding the granting of autonomy to the Ogoni people. They equally existed Ikwere Rescue Charter, Middle Belt forum and other militant groups such as (ACF) Arewa Consultative Forum and (OPC) Odua People’s Congress.

On the religions perspective, the declaration of the sharia legal code by Northern state governors have not helped matters. The continued crisis, loss of lives and property question the structure of Nigeria federalism. Federalism is seen as an arrangement that practically represents a compromise between the needs of constituent units as they exist within the central government to foster unity in diversity. However Nigeria experience of this system of government leaves much to be desired, because it has continually failed to establish a state of peaceful co-existence among the various ethnic nationalities that make up the political system. Politics is seen from the point of view as sharing, shaping and distribution of resources. It is based on this fact that the following pertinent research question are raised.

What is the nexus between the operation of political system and the call for a sovereign national conference,To what extent can sovereign National conference contribute in eliminating political crisis in Nigeria.What measure has the leaders of thoughts taken in maintaining orderliness in the society.

 

THE RELEVANCE OF SOVEREIGN NATIONAL CONFERENCE IN ELIMINATING POLITICAL CRISIS IN NIGERIA

Was the material helpful? Comment below. Need the material? Call 08060755653.