PROJECT TOPIC- ROLE OF NATIONAL ORIENTATION AGENCY IN THE FIGHT AGAINST POVERTY IN EBONYI STATE
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
The effort of the federal government in establishing National Orientation Agency include to provide a national platform for agencies responsible for wealth creation and poverty eradication to exchange ideas and communicate vital information on the various programmes, activities and opportunities for Nigerians. In Nigeria, the National Bureau of Statistics estimates that 54% of Nigeria 140 million people live below poverty line.
Limited access to education, inadequate housing, food, health care, safe and healthy environment as well as clean water, ignorance and lack of access to information have been severally identified as promoting factors for poverty. An estimated 7.3 million Nigerian children of primary school age are not in school because of poverty. The cost of food, health, transport and other essential social services have in the past skyrocketed, getting out of the reach of the Nigerian poor who constituted well over 70 percent of the population.
Many agencies of government including the National Poverty Eradication Programme (NAPEP), National Directorate of Employment (NDE), Nigerian Social Insurance Trust Fund (NSITF) and the Small and Medium Enterprises Development Agency of Nigeria (SMEDAN) have carried out a number of initiatives designed to address the problem of poverty eradication in our states.
It is in the of these realities that the National Orientation Agency (NOA), as an organization responsible for general public support and inputs for government programmes and policies, thought it wise to gather stakeholders in the war against poverty to enable them cross ideas on how to win the fight. The major obstacle of Nigerian transformation in scrutiny and criticism in recent months with increased media bombardment, it is the National Orientation Agency (NOA).
This has been made possible following the trend of events unfolding in the country. Diverse reactions have trailed these events with varying critiques on the perceived role of the agency to tackle the challenges confronting the nation through public enlightenment and value re-orientation NOA has never relented in its commitment to fulfill its statutory mandate to substantially raise public awareness over government policies, programmes and activities.
Mobilizing favourable public opinion for government policies and programmes, as well as obtaining feedback from the people and communicating same to government. However, as it is often said, much is expected from him to whom much is given. It is therefore a welcome development that the public search light has been persistently beamed on the Natural Orientation Agency (NOA) expecting it to do more.
The National Orientation Agency is poised more than ever, to contribute its quota to resolve the current security challenges and public apathy to government policies. Beyond that, National Orientation Agency (NOA) is re-strategizing with more preemptive, preventive and proactive approaches to societal attitudes. In this light, the President of that Federal Republic of Nigeria, Dr. Goodluck Ebele Jonathan, has also been very committed to revamp the Agency for greater performance.
In a bid to inject new life into the Agency Mr. President recently appointed Mr. Michael Omeri Agbo-Omeri, a seasoned communicator, an astute administrator and a veteran public relations practitioner as the Director- General of the National Orientation Agency. Two weeks in the office, Mr. Omeri has repositioned National Orientation Agency (NOA) in the pursuit of it’s mandate. A new zeal has been introduced into the body to be driven by volunteer Nigerians for attitudinal transformation.
Is also embarking on a national campaign titled “Know Your Values”, to inculcate the desired positive values in all Nigerians, especially the youths. This campaign is being executed with the active collaboration of traditional and religious leaders. Also, the National Orientation Agency has beefed up the capacity of its existing War Against Indiscipline (WAI) Brigade Volunteers in line with the new vision of the Agency.
The vision is to transform NOA along with its various units and organs into a pro-active, knowledge-based and activity-driven organization, able to rise up to evolving challenges in our national space. NOA is therefore integrating into the WAI Brigade a corps of Neigbourhood Development Ambassadors, a volunteer corps of unemployed professionals, artisans and youths across the various communities in the country.
The task of this new crop of volunteers will be to engage in volunteer sanitation activities, communicate and integrate government policies to the people in their various communities and embark on the know- your- Neighbour campaign aimed at fostering national integration and peaceful co-exist. Indeed, National Orientation Agency made giant strides in effort to create wealth, provide jobs and expand social and safety nets for the poor to add to lives of the target beneficiaries and contribute to the overall socio- economic growth of the nation. To achieve this, however, the people must be adequately informed and educated on such policies in order for them to willingly support; participate and take collective ownership.
PROJECT TOPIC- ROLE OF NATIONAL ORIENTATION AGENCY IN THE FIGHT AGAINST POVERTY IN EBONYI STATE
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE RESEARCH PROBLEM
It is truism to hold the view that poverty seriously ravages most Nigerian families and citizens. Thus this research work sets out to verify and explain the impact of the various poverty reduction strategies on Nigerian citizens, most especially Rivers State indigenes. Such vital issues like ways to ensure effective and efficient actualization of poverty reduction strategies would equally be looked into.
1.3 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
The objective of the study or this research work are:-
- To recommend more appropriate policy measure and/or strategies that would help fight poverty in Nigeria and achieve the number one goal of the millennium Development Goals by 2015.
- To analyze poverty level in Nigeria and possibly identify the sources of poverty in Nigeria.
- To identify the various poverty reduction strategies adopted by the various governments in Nigeria.
1.4 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The purpose of any research work consists in the accumulation and codification of facts. It is therefore the aim of this work accumulated such facts that will save as a guide to various levels of governmental authorities endemic poverty problem in Nigeria.
It is the Writer’s expectation that this Work Will go a long Way to unravel the impacts of governments and their agent adopt problem. This research Work Will finally open the way for an objective and unbiased view of poverty in Nigeria, how it has adversely affected the level of socio- economic and psychological development in Nigeria in order to encourage scholarship.
This work will also open Ways for future researchers to adequately effort towards disclosing to the public the dangers posed by poverty. It would also give them more insight, inspiration and good faith to stand firm on the platform of hard work and commitment to fight this poverty problem in Nigeria.
1.5 SCOPE/ LIMITATION OF STUDY
This research work will restrict itself to the role made by the various government’s poverty reduction strategies on Ebonyi state youths whether in positive ways or not.
In the course of carrying out this research work, the researcher faced a lot of problems among which includes lack of time and fund to comprehensibly and comfortably execute this work. The study disclosed to the researcher that academic projects consume a lot of money in most cases even though the sponsors finances is stretch to their limits. The time limits is mostly caused by the fact that the time available has to be shared between both lectures and pursuing the search for materials for the research.
In academic world, such as ours, it will be incomprehensible to carryout a research work of this magnitude without a relevant guiding theoretical framework. The theoretical framework of this study shall center on the theory of development. The theory of development according to McLean (1996) is a multi-dimensional processes that normally connotes change from a less to a more desirable state and believe to be relative to time, place and circumstance.
In his own conception, Walter Rodney (1962), in his book “How Europe underdevelopment Africa” contended that development exists in three levels of individual, social and psychological and/or political development and that each level connotes movement from a lower to a higher.
From the above conception of what development stands for, it is imperative to draw out that development implies increase in economic efficiency, expansion of productive capacity of a nation’s economy, technological advancement and increase in food production. Social sciences commentators agree that changes in social structure, attitude, motivation, improvement in economic condition, increase in Gross National Product (GNP) and real income per head of the production are mainly means of assessing development and not an end in themselves.
In many quarters, it is believed that increases in general social welfare and culture attainment, individual dignity, class esteem, increase in standard of living, increase in the level of literacy and creation of employment opportunities, the hallmark of any development pace. Development equally implies the fulfillment of necessary condition for the realization of potentials of human personality, which translates into rehttps://www.projectwriters.ng/wp-admin/post.php?post=10354&action=editduction poverty, inequality and unemployment, and thus leading to the satisfaction of basic human needs as food, shelter and clothing.
In a related sense, a nation is supposed to be self-sufficient in food production, provide high level of employment opportunities, reasonable level of equality and reasonable level self-reliance through provision of basic necessities and not to completely dependent upon imported materials for survival as well as having the abilities to solve problems of operation feed the nation (OFN) in 1976, Green Revolution in 1979 and the present National Poverty Eradication Programme (NAPEP) introduced in 2001, constitute a well designed policy strategy to fight or reduce poverty level in Nigeria.
Thus this consummates the choice of this theoretical framework.