PROJECT TOPIC- ENTREPRENEURSHIP AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT A STUDY OF UVWIE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF DELTA STATE

ABSTRACT

The development of rural areas to a large extent depends on entrepreneurship, which is regarded as a vehicle to improving the quality of life for individuals, families and communities and to sustain a healthy economy and environment. However, the acceptance of entrepreneurship as a central development force by itself will not lead to rural development and advancement of rural enterprises. What is needed in addition is an environment enabling entrepreneurship in rural areas. The existence of such an environment largely depends on policies promoting rural entrepreneurship. The effectiveness of such policies in turn depends on a conceptional framework about entrepreneurship. In order to bring about real development in the rural areas, there must exists active collaboration between government, non-government agencies, the private sectors and the rural communities themselves. Previous researchers very relevant to the topic were reviewed to ascertain their present relevance or otherwise. Field survey was the method adopted in the gathering of data. This method adopted involved the used of questionnaire and personal interview. The data that were collected and analyzed showed that Uvwie LGA will develop and youths migration to the urban areas will reduce to a large extent when the government build industries, provide the necessary infrastructural facilities such as, good roads, electricity, transportation, communication network, pipe borne water, hospital, schools, etc. Therefore, when the individuals, families and communities are peaceful, creative and innovative the expected development in Uvwie LGA will be achieved.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 BACK GROUND OF THE STUDY                                                          

Rural development is more than ever before linked to entrepreneurship. Institutions and individuals promoting rural development now see entrepreneurship as a strategic development intervention that could accelerate the rural development process. Indeed, institutions and individuals seem to agree on the urgent need to promote rural enterprises: development agencies see rural entrepreneurship as high as

an enormous employment potential; politicians see it as an instrument for improving farm earnings; and women see it as an employment possibility near their homes which provides autonomy, independence and a reduced need for social support (Jones and sakong,1980). To all these groups, however, entrepreneurship stands as a vehicle to improving the quality of life for individuals, families and communities and to sustain a healthy economy and environment.

The entrepreneurship orientation to rural development accepts entrepreneurship as the central force of economic growth and development, without it other factors of development will be wasted or fritted away. However, the acceptance of entrepreneurship as a central development force by itself will not lead to rural development and the advancement of rural enterprises. What is needed in addition is an

environment enabling entrepreneurship in rural areas. The existence of such an environment largely depends on policies promoting rural entrepreneurship. The effectiveness of such policies in turn depends on a conceptual framework about entrepreneurship. This research deals with the following issues: firstly, it sets out the reasons why promoting entrepreneurship is a force of economic change that must take

place if many rural communities are to survive; secondly, it deals with what policies are necessary in order to create an environment in rural areas conducive to entrepreneurship; and thirdly, it considers women and entrepreneurship. To further give credence to this background, entrepreneurship can be defined as “a force that mobiles other resources to meet unmet market demand, the ability to create and

build something from practically nothing”, the process of creating value by pulling together a pool of resources to exploit an opportunity. It combines (Jones and Sakong, 1980, Timmons,1989, Stevenson etal, 1985; Timenons1989:31). Rural Development is the process of planned change for which one approach or the other is adopted for improvement and| or transformation of the lot of the rural populace.

It is a process of ensuring that the poorer section of the population has some share in the fruits of economic activity. It is the means by which the provision of social services for the rural population is combined with the promotion of economic growth. According to (Battern,1980), rural development is a process during which the people in the small command unity, first through discussion, define their goals

and objectives and plan and act together to satisfy them. It is a process by which the efforts of the people themselves are united with those of government authorities to improve economic, social and cultural conditions of communities in order to integrate these communities into the life of the nation and enable them contribute fully to national progress. In order to bring about real development in the rural areas,

there must exist active collaboration between government, non-government agencies, the private sector and the rural communities themselves. The traditional approach to rural development was top down meaning that central development authorities designed progammes which brought in infrastructure, human capital and investment from outside the rural community. While the investment in infrastructure

and extension services was clearly beneficial in attracting basic commercial activities and increasing the quality of life in rural area, it did not necessarily provide a long term growing beneficiaries of such schemes, since many projects were too expensive to implement in rural areas. Rural areas throughout Delta State are still facing problems such as; lack of job opportunities, concentration of low-income

families, inadequate public infrastructure (health, transportation, schools, and electricity) and the negative effect of population. The new approach, which enlarged over the past decade, is the development from below. It stresses the importance of community development based on local entrepreneurial initiatives, with the explicit goal to ensuring balanced technological development of rural

areas, which would offer adequate employment opportunities and a quality of life comparable to urban areas. This approach is based on stimulating local entrepreneurial talent and subsequent growth of indigenous companies. Specifically, to accelerate economic development in a rural area, it is necessary to increase the supply of entrepreneurs that is to build up the critical mass of first generating entrepreneurs

who will take risks and accept the uncertainties of new venture creation and who will by their example stimulate an autonomous entrepreneurial process thereby ensuring continuous rural development. To support such development, the community must develop links among key institutions, a vibrant entrepreneurial spirit and a commitment and dedication to risk taking and risk sharing.

The research is, therefore, focused on findings out how Uvwie LGA of Delta State as a rural area could embrace development through entrepreneurship activities.

PROJECT TOPIC- ENTREPRENEURSHIP AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT A STUDY OF UVWIE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF DELTA STATE

1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEMS

It seems that, Uvwie Local Government Area of Delta State is not developed may be as a result of too much reliance on oil producing firms and the government for survival. When this oil firms and government  could not meet up with their basic needs (food, clothing, shelter and security), rural unrest ensues, which has caused a lot of damages to lives and properties, unemployment, increase in crime and

robbery, prostitutions, violence, bribery and corruption and the live, as seen in the recent happenings in the Niger Delta regions. Consequently, one is inclined to know whether entrepreneurship could be a veritable mechanism of dousing youth restiveness and other vices in the rural areas. Specifically, will Uvwie local government Area of Delta State experience expected economic development through entrepreneurship practices?

1.3 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

The objectives of the study have been drawn from the statement of the problem. They are as follows

  1. To expound entrepreneurship and rural development.
  2. To establish the effect of entrepreneurship on rural development.
  3. To identify the environments necessary for rural entrepreneurship practices.
  4. To identify the various institutions that is supporting entrepreneurial restructuring of rural areas.

1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS

Based on the problems identified above the following questions were formulated to guide the study;

  • Could entrepreneurship leads to rural development?
  • Does entrepreneurship practice have any effect on rural development?
  • How could the rural environment help in developing entrepreneurship practice?
  • What are the various institutions that support the entrepreneurship restructuring of rural areas?

Finally, the research is intended to provoke further works by researchers in this field of study.

1.5 SIGNIFICANT OF THE STUDY

The study looks at entrepreneurship and rural development with a special reference to Uwvie Local Government Area of Delta State. To this extent, the importance of this work cannot be over emphasized. It is hoped that, this work aimed at providing unemployed youths with the basic skills that are needed in the economy and which will make them employable or enable them go into self-employment to stop rural-urban migration.

This work will also encourage and aid unemployed Nigerians to set up and run their own business, and also translate their business ideas into viable commercial ventures.

PROJECT TOPIC- ENTREPRENEURSHIP AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT A STUDY OF UVWIE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF DELTA STATE

1.6 SCOPE AND LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY

The research work that is an investigative one has been limited to the areas of entrepreneurship practice and rural development. The impact and consequences have been examined. The researchers will also probe into and examine the various benefits derived from entrepreneurship practice. To achieve these aims and objectives, Uvwie local government area has been chosen as a point of focus.

The Local Government Area has a total number of thirty eight (38) registered enterprises as contained in the 2005 business unit of the LGA. However, as a result of the limited time, only important issues relating to the subject matter will be addressed. Also significant; is the limited financial resources available for the project; books are expensive and it is not easy to travel to important libraries in carrying out the research work.

Be that as it may, we shall make effort to touch all the relevant issues that relates the subject.

PROJECT TOPIC- ENTREPRENEURSHIP AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT A STUDY OF UVWIE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF DELTA STATE

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