PROJECT TOPIC- SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS ACHIEVEMENT IN MATHEMATICAL ASPECTS OF ECONOMICS PROBLEMS & PROSPECTS A CASE OF EZEAGU LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA

Abstract

This study investigated secondary school student’s achievement in the mathematical aspects of Economics (A case study of Ezeagu, L.G.A.) five research questions guided the study. One hundred students participated in the study as samples drawn from four secondary schools in the area. The study made use of a structured questionnaire for the students which was face validated by experts. The data from the questionnaire were analyzed using mean and standard deviation for descriptive purposes. Based on the findings, recommendations were made.

Chapter one

Introduction

Background to the study

It is remarkable fact that mathematical aspect of Economics is a compulsory one for all students offering economics in Nigeria secondary school education which shows that the study of economics is indispensable as other core subjects done in secondary school curriculum. According to Onwukwe and Agwu (2002) Economics as a subject is made up of different variables like other discipline which

mighty imply that failure to understand these variables is bound to constitute impediment towards understanding of the subject. Anyanwocha (1992) assert the subject that make up the programme of studies in economics are assumed to be interrelated and interwoven with one or more subject to the extent that the correlation of one school subject with another is often viewed as one of the majority

determining factors of attitude in any of the subjects. Ugwuanyi (2002) said that mathematics for instance is often regarded as a life wire in the study of various subjects including economics. He said that there is a growing need for mathematics in all spheres of life. Every school subject utilizes mathematics to some degrees.

Mathematics is a tool and language of economics. It is not an instructional material; rather it is a means of achieving a purpose in economics. Based on this fact, mathematics can be projected as an important subject, which helps to generate and sustain curiosity, motives of learners and develop academic scepticism. It is the key of science.

AND THERE IS AN INCREASING USE OF MATHEMATICS in SUCH SOCIAL science as economics, psychology and sociology. Mathematical aspect of economics always employs mathematical symbolism. Economics theory uses symbol a studies the relationship between economics; variable algebraic terms Amoke (2002).

At times, many people and students do doubt why mathematics should feature so prominently in the study of economics and secondary school students are made to study and know the mathematical aspects of economics in the course of studying economics. According to Odo (1995), THE ISSUE HAS GENERATED great concern because there is too much emphasis on the subject as it provide

appropriate knowledge through the application of its theories in analyzing some of our problems especially certain trends in our economy. Although students experience a lot of problems in the study of economics as a subject in the secondary schools. It has to be borne in mind that the problems or rather the greatest course of poor understanding of fundamental knowledge of the mathematics which

are supposed to be build up during post primary education. Economics is one of business course like accountancy that involves a lot of mathematical calculation especially at the tertiary level of education. According to Odo (1995), the agents who act to maximize the output or minimize output or minimize the cost o producing each level of output subject to the relevant constrains, the theoretical emphasis

that both economics theories and mathematical symbols work in pari-passu. The uncertainty in the relationship between the economics and mathematics. The uncertainty supposed to be cleared by the teacher of economics so as to facilitate the teaching and learning of economics. According to Anayale J.U. (1988) this study boils down to determining the level nature of the relationship between students’

background knowledge of mathematics and their performance in the field of economics. Above all, different examination result have served and continues to serve different functions of mankind such function include evaluation of learning activities in schools promotion and the use of such examination. However, with the advent of western education for the English speaking West Africa sub-region,

WAEC became the externally standard body that administers the West Africa School Certificate Examination at Ghana in 1951 and later made effective in Nigeria, Sierra Leone and Gambia (i.e. the four member countries) Ukeje, an B.O. (1980: p 22) their sole aim was that awarding standardized certificate known as the West Africa school certificate for these reasons WASC/SSE grading has

become a yardstick for measuring not only academic standard of students after graduation from the secondary schools but also predicate consequence performance in related course in tertiary institutions. Furthermore, Robinson (1932) in his period defined economics as a “science, which studies human behaviour as a relationship between ends and scarce means which have alternative uses”.

From this definition, ends entails the numerous desires, which are displayed by every human being, while scarce means that resources to satisfy these be the most acceptable definition since the problem of every nation lies on how to allocate the scarce resources to all productive sectors of the economy. In other words, if the easiness and difficulty of a subject as a course of study can just be predicted from its mere definition, one can as well conclude that economics is an easy course to study. But this is not so, since it will be unscientific and in fact value judgement for one to give a cut conclusion to and educational issue o this nature.

PROJECT TOPIC- SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS ACHIEVEMENT IN MATHEMATICAL ASPECTS OF ECONOMICS PROBLEMS & PROSPECTS A CASE OF EZEAGU LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA

Statement of the Problem

Lack of good background knowledge of mathematics by the students can hinder their performance in economics. The objective of secondary school education in Nigeria is to provide students with academic and vocational skills. But it is quiet unfortunate that the objectives have not been fully achieved to the high level of student involvement in attitude. Due to this, the study aims at investigating the attitudes of secondary school Students towards mathematical aspect of economics.

Purpose of the Study

The main purpose of this study is to investigate secondary school students’ achievement in mathematical aspects of economics and provide workable solution to the problem.

Specifically, the study investigated the:

  1. Extent to which lack of to which lack of instructional materials influence the effective teaching of mathematics in our secondary school.
  2. Roles of mathematics towards learning of economics.
  3. Teachers’ attitude towards the performance of students in economics.
  4. The extent to which parents influence students on their study in mathematical aspect of economics.

Significance of the Study

The aim of any research work is to study a given problem and to seek solution or provide panacea to such problems, this research study will be of importance to study economics particularly students in Ezeagu Local Government Area.

It will be of good use to students who would wish to study economics as a discipline in tertiary institutions, because it will enlighten them on the need to be mathematically inclined as students of economics.

This work will be helpful to teachers of economics in our secondary schools that will then see the need to lay more emphasis on the mathematical aspect of economics rather than its theoretical concepts.

Again secondary school students of Ezeagu Local government area will find this research very important as it will help to reshape their attitude towards the mathematical aspect of economics and making provision for economics analysis in the secondary schools.

It will provide those that plan the secondary schools curriculum with a medal to follow in this syllabus, so as to enhance effective study of economics in our school system.

This work will also be significant to organization such as Nigeria union of teachers (NUT) mathematics Association of Nigeria (MAN) as well a scholars in this field of study would benefit maximally from this study as the  research will serve as a basis for further research study

Scope of the Study

This research is designed to cover Ezeagu Local government Area. This study centres on the attitude of secondary school students towards mathematical aspect of economics. And senior secondary II students are the subjects selected from each school

Research Questions

The following research question will guide the researcher on the study.

  • To what extent does lack of instructional materials influence the effective teaching of mathematics in our secondary school?
  • To what extent does mathematics play a role in the learning of economics?
  • To what extents does teacher’s attitude affect students’ performance in economics mathematics?
  • To what extent do parents influence students on their studies in mathematical aspect of economics?

PROJECT TOPIC- SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS ACHIEVEMENT IN MATHEMATICAL ASPECTS OF ECONOMICS PROBLEMS & PROSPECTS A CASE OF EZEAGU LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA

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