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PROJECT TOPIC- SOCIO-ECONOMIC AND SOCIO-CULTURAL PREDISPOSING RISK FACTORS TO HIV/AIDS

PROJECT TOPIC- SOCIO-ECONOMIC AND SOCIO-CULTURAL PREDISPOSING RISK FACTORS TO HIV/AIDS

ABSTRACT

The prevalence of HIV/AIDS and associated socio-cultural and socio-economic risk behaviours were studied among commercial sex workers, single parents, long-distance-truck drivers, street children and students along the Abakaliki- Enugu highway in Eastern Nigeria. Screening for HIV antibodies was by EIA and ELISA. Structured questionnaires and focus group discussions were used for investigative data collection tested by t-test and chi-square. HIV prevalence occurred as follows:

(1) Commercial sex workers 23%

(2) Students 21%

(3) Single parents 20%

(4) Long-distance-Truck-Drivers 19%

(5) Street children 16%.

Major mode of HIV transmission was heterosexual transmission severe economic repression (poverty), illiteracy, economic- driven-migrationa;-activities and unemployment were chief socio-economic risk factors, while polygamy and concubinage, marriage for the dead, surrogate marriage of women were main socio-cultural lapses which create vulnerability of women to clandestine  sex working/prostitution and subsequent exposure to STDs including HIV/AIDS. The study further observed that major highways constitute flashpoints through which the HIV gets foothold in the communities. The study also observed the origin of HIV/AIDS.

 

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

The specific objective of this research is to know the main statistical percentage of few individual living with this HIV/AIDS in some area of Ebonyi Stat. at this juncture, one may ask, what is HIV, How did this HIV become AIDS? HIV means Human Immune virus. It is a sexually transmitted infection. This disease can be spread by contact with infected blood, or from mother to child during pregnancy, child birth or breast- feeding. It can take years before HIV weakens your immune system to the point that you have AIDS. AIDS means Acquired  immunodeficiency syndrome. It is a chronic,  potentially life threatening condition caused by HIV.

This HIV become AIDS when it has damaged your immune system, thereby going further to interferes with your body’s ability to fight the organisms that causes diseases in your body.

ORIGIN OF HIV/AIDS

       Aids is caused by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which originated in non-human primates in sub- Saharan African and was transferred to human during  the late 19th or early 20th  century. According to Pepin’s (2011), he  discover that HIV have two type ie HIV I and HIV-2. He  said that HIV-1 is more virulent, is more easily transmitted and is the cause of vast majority of HIV infection globally.

The pandemic strain for HIV-1 is closely related  to a virus Sumian  immunodeficiency  viruses (SIVs) found in the Chimpanzees of the subspecies pan troglodytes, which lives  in the forests of the central African  nations of Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Gaban, Repubhe of Congo  and central African  Republic while the HIV -2 is less transmittable and is largely confined to West Africa, along with its closest  relative a virus of the sooty Mangabey (Cercocebus  artysatys) an old world monkey inhabiting southern. Senegal, Guinea- Bissaw, Guinea, sierra Leone, Liberia and Western Ivory Coast. The resulting phytogenetic analyses show that the viruses most closely related to the two strains of HIV-2 which spread considerably in human.

PROJECT TOPIC- SOCIO-ECONOMIC AND SOCIO-CULTURAL PREDISPOSING RISK FACTORS TO HIV/AIDS

PURPOSE OF THE STUDY

The main purpose of the study is to establish the  socio-cultural  and socio-economics risk behaviours of those commercial sex workers, single parents, long- distance-truck drivers, street children and students along the Abakaliki-Enugu highway in Eastern Nigeria.

This study is therefore specifically designed to:

(1) Examine what people label them in their community.

(2) Determine their capital level in their working place and business.

(3) Examine their behaviours about theirself.

SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The findings of this study will be great benefit to the government and the society as a whole who are very much concerned about the statistical rate of people living with this disease called HIV/AIDS. To know the number of anti- virus drugs to provide to them living with this disease.

SCOPE OF THE STUDY

This study is centered on examining the socio-cultural and socio-economics predisposing factors risk to HIV/AIDS in Ebonyi State Nigeria.

 

RESEARCH QUESTION

(1) How do their succeed in their business?

(2) How do their interact with the society?

(3) What are the risk their have encountered in the society?

(4) How do their feel about themselves?

 

PROJECT TOPIC- SOCIO-ECONOMIC AND SOCIO-CULTURAL PREDISPOSING RISK FACTORS TO HIV/AIDS

 

 

 

 

 

 

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