PROJECT TOPIC- STRATEGIES FOR IMPROVING WORD PROCESSING INSTRUCTIONS IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN ABAKALIKI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EBONYI STATE
This research work titled “The strategies for improving word processing instructions in senior secondary schools in Abakaliki Local Government Area of Ebonyi State” was aimed at determining how perfect practice strategies improve students in word processing, determine how classroom interaction improve students in word processing, ascertaining how frequent assessment strategies improve students in word process and ascertaining how writing behaviour improve students in word processing. Researcher adopted a descriptive survey design, The population for the study consists of all the 3,285 teachers and students in all the thirteen (13) Senior Secondary School in Abakaliki Local Government Area of Ebonyi and The sample population for the study consists of 200 respondents. A simple random sampling technique was adopted to draw the sample for the study. The researcher use balloting to pick 10 schools out of the 13 schools. The finding revealed that perfect practice are strategies for improving students in word processing and that classroom interaction are strategies for improving students in word processing, the study also disclosed that frequent assessment strategies improve students in word process. Finally, the study revealed that writing behaviour improve students in word processing.
Background to the Study
There has been increasing interest in introducing innovations such as Information and Communication Technology (ICT) into the teaching and learning, especially when the Nigeria Education and Research Development Council (NERDC) introduced a modern curriculum into the school system. Information and Communication Technology (ICT) involves the use of computers and other electronic devices to process information.
Nworgu (2008) stated that ICT refers to a whole range of facilities or technologies involved in information processing and electronic communication to be handled with skills and expertise, for effective achievement and realization of its potentials in Education. In the view of Valasidou (2016), ICT is aninnovative instrumental tool that enables the educators to modify the teaching and learning processes in order to increase students’ interest.
Brown (2009) explained that ICT is considered very crucial for the achievement of various educational objectives in terms of expanding the citizenry access to education at all levels and improving the quality of teaching and learning process. in the explanation of Daniels (2015), the use of Information and Communication Technologies in the educative process has been divided into two broad categories: ICTs for education and ICTs in education.
ICTs for education refers to the development of ICT specifically for teaching learning purposes, while the ICTs in education involves the adoption of general components of ICTs in the teaching learning process. Effiong (2005) emphasized thatICT use in school curriculum depends highly on the teachers who will use ICT to teach the students. This requires that teachers should have the ability to incorporate ICT into teaching and learning.
Okereke (2016) noted that, application of ICT to teaching and learning makes instructions more effective and productive. In this regard ICT is viewed as innovations that enable students effective through word processing package. And this word processing package cannot manifested without teachers instructions. A teacher is an individual who is trained in pedagogy and teaching areas of a particular subject to impart knowledge, skills, and attitudes to students in an institution.
According to Olaitan, Alaribe, and Nwobu (2009), a teacher is a person who communicates knowledge, skills and attitudes to someone in a school. Okute and Agomuo (2010) noted that a teacher is a facilitator of learning; who helps students to realize their full potentials educationally,emotionally, and socially in career selection and transition. Garba and Dambe (2015) defined a teacher as one who possesses practical and theoretical knowledge of his vocation, has clear understanding of the students he teachers, and ensures that he increases in the knowledge of his field at all times.
There are male and female business studies teachers. These teachers are trainedin different higher institutions of learning where they obtain various qualifications. In this study,a business studies teacher is someone who is trained in pedagogical areas of business education and is charged with the responsibilities of imparting acquired knowledge, skills and attitudes of business studies to students in junior secondary schools.
Secondary school is the school for young people between the ages of 11, 16 and 18.National Policy on Education (FRN, 2004) defined secondary education as the education children received after primary education and before the tertiary stage. Secondary schools are divided into junior and senior sections. The secondary school is both pre-vocation and academic. The ability of students to learn effectively in the word processing depend on the level of microsoft office skills possessed by the teachers.
Word processing is the component of ICT likewise: computer appreciation, data processing, and the use of internet. Computer appreciation entails the general understanding of the basic building blocks of the computer systems, literacy in operating the computer and using the window interface called window explore and other similar interfaces. Azuka (2000) explained that keyboarding should be emphasized along with the traditional typing; the author identified closer relationship between them likewise word processing, data processing and the use of the internet.
Word processing is the application of computer for manipulating text-based documents;the electronic equivalent of paper, pen, typewriter, eraser, and most likely, dictionary and thesaurus (Encarta, 2009). According to Agomuo (2005), word processing can be likened to a typewriter inside a computer in that it incorporates all the duties of a typewriter which basically are: the ability to type and produce text on paper, store and manipulate text in documents and get printed copies.
But when using computers, it deviates a little from the common typewriter. There is the enter key replacing the carrier movement and there are commands (simple ones) for paragraph, indent, spacing and so on. In addition, one can: store the document for future reference or use; make corrections to the documents very conveniently; format your documents to a wide variety of specification; automate some functions such as page numbering, generation of indexes; check the spelling of text in your document for correctness; and have greater control over page layout attribute such as margin and so on.
word processing refers to the various ways words are combined, arranged, placed, formatted, organized or presented for a defined purpose in the form of a letter, memo, technical report etc. word processing machines were primarily aimed at typists particularly those in centralized tying pools where other workers sent hand written notes or Dictaphones, tapes to be transcribed and retrieved for reviewing.
Considerable time saving, economy were achieved by word processing operators. In the view of Osuala (2004), word processing is a term used to describe equipment, the use of machines as word processing typewriters combined with audio dictation equipment and organized systems to facilitate the handling of words or texts, resulting in greater productivity in office procedure. Other area where computer is most useful indaily activities is in the use of the internet and data processing.
Teachers in the state have some difficulties in teaching the ICT component of the curriculum; therefore, they need improvement.Improvement means change for something better. Improvement, in the explanation of Robinson (2006) is the development of circumstances in which something is lacking to better standard or quality than before. In this study, improvement is viewed as the act of making the level of skills acquired by students in ICT better. For teachers to improve students in words processing needed adopt a certain strategies such teaching of keyboarding skills, frequent assessment, perfect practice and class interaction.
In an effort to cope with the problems facing the majority of students in writing, utilizing computer, especially word processor in student writing becomes increasingly commonplace. According to Darus and Ismail (2008), students rely on computer technology to complete their writing assignments and word processor helps them to revise their composition very easily so that they do not have to rewrite the entire composition to revise it.
The word processor is one type of software that is introduced by computer assisted language learning (CALL). Brierly and Kemble (1991) describe it as the most enabling and beneficial of all the computer software which can be used for editing texts, and checking and correcting writing errors. Practically, seven major applications for the word processor in writing are indicated: formatting, cutting and pasting, insertion and deletion, search, editing up, editing down, editing across.
Over the last decade, research on word processing by native and non-native writers has been growing. The body of research that has been undertaken pinpoints word processing’s potential to produce positive effects in students’ writing. Pennington (1993) classified the positive effects into the areas of quality of written work, writing activity, revision behavior, and affective/social outcomes.
Evidence of positive effects that word processing has on the quality of written work comes from studies reporting higher holistic ratings of student compositions (Sommers, 1985; Williamson & Pence, 1989). It follows that the research on word processing demonstrates positive effects related to revision behavior of student writers. Moreover, the studies on the use of word processing demonstrate a variety of affective/social outcomes with regard to computer use. These involve holding positive attitudes towards writing and reduced writing apprehension.
Need is the ICT skills required by students to meet a target standard of effective learning. This need can be obtained through assessment.Assessment is a process of estimating the worth, quality or effectiveness of a programme or instruction. Walter (2009) stated that assessment is the process of finding or deciding the amount, value, quality or importance of a programme or teachers instruction in a teaching learning process.
Assessment is the process of determining the skills need of students in ICT for effective learning.In this study, need is the identification of the value that calls for training of students in the areas of word processing incorporated into secondary schools curriculum to enable students improve. To assist the students in the area of study, it becomes important to retrain these students through intervention programmes to update their knowledge, skills and attitudes for effective learning. Therefore, it is necessary to determine the strategies for improving word processing instructions in senior secondary schools in Abakaliki Local Government Area of Ebonyi State.
PROJECT TOPIC- STRATEGIES FOR IMPROVING WORD PROCESSING INSTRUCTIONS IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN ABAKALIKI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EBONYI STATE
Statement of the Problem
Previously students has been without the knowledge of word processing through ICT for many years ago particularly before the introduction of modern technologies in teaching and learning. The inefficiency of students in learning word processing skills in senior secondary school has been noticed in the students’ inability to do well in work places. Most students find it dicult type fast using computer system in the school system. Ademiluyi (2007) observed that most students do not have the ability to succeed in private office after graduation.
The researcher observed that many secondary school students after graduation findit difficult to operate computer, particularly those who had no opportunity for further training. Those who tried to work in business centres where information is processed with modern technologies found it difficult to manipulate computers and other ICT equipment. So, the influence of technologies has rendered manual skills inadequate for the world of work while creating needs for new sophisticated skills in the areas of computer appreciation, word processing, data processing and internet access.Therefore, it is necessary to determine the strategies for improving word processing instructions in senior secondary schools in Abakaliki Local Government Area of Ebonyi State.
Purpose of the Study
The major purpose of this study is to determine the strategies for improving word processing instructions in senior secondary schools in Abakaliki Local Government Area of Ebonyi State. Specifically, the study sought to:
- Determine how perfect practice strategies improve students in word processing
- Determine how classroom interaction improve students in word processing
- Ascertain how frequent assessment strategies improve students in word process
- Ascertain how writing behaviour improve students in word processing
Significance of the Study
The findings ofthis study will be beneficial to teachers, senior secondary school students, school administrators, government, and curriculum planners at teachers’ preparation stage and fellow researchers with keen interest in word processing skills needed for effective teaching and learning.
Teachers will find the study useful. The findings of the study will enable
the teachers understand ICT skills they needed and their importance. They will have first hand information on ICT skills they are required to acquire in order to face the challenges of knowledge update through seminars, workshops and conferences. Business studies teachers will know the vacuums of ICT skills they need to fill up in their academic lives and timely too, to remain relevant in their profession. Also, this will help to further equip them for better service delivery in teaching and coordinating the conduct of the students during teaching and learning process.
Senior secondary school students will also benefit from the result of this study. The study will help them to be better informed on the relevant ICT skills they need to acquire. They will also know the level of skills they currently posses and seek to fill any gap/vacuum created. The result of the findings will be of immense benefit to school administrators and thestate government. It will provide information that will help them to see the need for adequate provision of ICT facilities and materials, organizing workshops, and in-service training of teachers at the junior secondary school levels in the state. The state government will have better understanding of their participatory responsibilities in curriculum effectiveness.
The findings that will emanate from the study will provide wealth of information needed by curriculum planners for curriculum review and update at teachers’ preparation stage. It will help curriculum planners to be more comprehensive in scope, also, to give participatory opportunities for more learners’ achievement.
Finally, fellow researchers with keen interest in the identification of ICT skills needed by teachers in computer appreciation, word processing, the use of internet and data processing will be helped to be more focused by the information that will be provided by the study. It will serve as a good starting point for any further meaningful research in this area of study.
- How does perfect practice strategies improve students in word processing?
- How does classroom interaction improve students in word processing?
- How does frequent assessment strategies improve students in word process?
- How does writing behaviour improve students in word processing?
Scope of the Study
The study focuses on the strategies for improving word processing instructions in senior secondary schools. The study contents covered: impact of word processing in teaching and learning, word masters as a strategies for improving word processing, assessment as a strategies for improving word processing, perfect practice and writing behaviour as a strategies for improving word processing. The study will be restricted to senior secondary school in Abakaliki Local Government Area of Ebonyi State.