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PROJECT TOPIC- STRATEGIES FOR REDUCING TRUANCY AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN EZZA NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EBONYI STATE

PROJECT TOPIC- STRATEGIES FOR REDUCING TRUANCY AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN EZZA NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EBONYI STATE

ABSTRACT

Strategies for Reducing Truancy Among Secondary School Students in Ezza North Local Government Area is a work requiring the joint effort of school administrators, parents, Government agencies and student functionaries to address it. It is a phenomenon where truant behaviour is eradicated entirely among the students. And by so doing, each system has to perform its own task. The main purpose of the study was to gain deeper insights on the roles of school Administrator, Parents, Government Agencies and Students in reducing truancy among secondary school students in Ezza North. The research questions were formulated to serve as a guide in finding out the possible strategies for reducing truancy among secondary school students. A survey design was used for this study. The population of the study was made up of 260 respondents. A questionnaire with 24 items was structured to elicit information from the respondents. More so, the data collected were analysed interpreted with the simple mean and frequency. The findings of this study revealed that truancy can be reduced with the joined effort of the aforementioned systems.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background to the Study

Youth truancy in the Nigeria context was first defined by the British colonial government in 1943, in the children and young person’s law (CYPL) penal reform international, 2003). CYPL provides guiding principles for the promotion and welfare of the young and protection of the rights of youth offenders (penal reform international, 2003). Truancy is acknowledged as a major behavioural problem among elementary and secondary school students world-wide and has been defined in different ways by educators and researchers. Some school districts defined truancy as unexcused absence from school, while some districts have specified number of days that the student will have been absent to qualify as habitual truant.

The national centre for school engagement defined the habitual truant as a student who has 4 to 5 days unexcused absence in a semester (Raby, 2013). Most researchers refer to truancy as an intentional unexcused absence by the student (Reid, 2008). Balfanz, Durhan and Plank (2008) observed that truancy is a key indicator for youth delinquent behaviour, which affects their school attendance and is a factor in their involvement in other criminal activities.

In view of this, laid behind in many school activities, truancy leads to school dropout. This is because truant students experience low achievement motivation due to weak intrinsic motivation among students. Oko (2010) noted that the inability of teachers and school authorities to implement a successful guidance program to rehabilitate youth offender is an indicator of deviation from the school’s mission that may lower the quality of education and further influence the youth to engage in truancy and other delinquent behaviour. Bazemore, Stinchcomb and Leip (2004) suggested, “Students truancy in secondary schools has increasingly been identified as a primary problem that merits the attention of the criminal and juvenile justice systems (P. 269).

 Also, Nwankwo (2010) “is of the view that family is the first window of the child to the world and should tend to nurture the child and should stop deviating from the vital social roles. Most parents neglect their basic roles. They tend to shift their responsibility to the school, forgetting that the school cannot achieve success if parents have not acted. It is against this back-drop that parents should be blamed for the high level of truancy in schools.

PROJECT TOPIC- STRATEGIES FOR REDUCING TRUANCY AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN EZZA NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EBONYI STATE

1.2 Statement of the Problem

 In recent times, one hears of and reads about the high rate of truancy in the pages of the newspaper and the electronic media. Truancy affects youth families and communities. School aged youths roam the streets, engage in street vendor hawking, and go to the movie theatre when they should be attending school. Truancy as one of the forms of deviant behaviours has reached an alarming rate in our educational institutions and colleges.

In the past, truancy are measured out to both teachers and parents to determine truant student from committing the act of truancy and many other bad practices, which are prevalent in our schools. Statistics shows “sixty percent of juvenile crime occurs between the hours of 8: am and 3: pm, when children should be attending schools”. (Seeley 2009 p. 211). Multiple factors can force youth to embrace truancy rather than attending school.

Since government and responsible authorities have failed to provide stable and comfortable learning environments, some of them organize disco parties outside the school compound, instead of forming academic discussion groups or going for evening lessons where they can benefit academically. Apparently, the question that forces itself on everyone is how can these menace be minimized? It is against this background that the researcher aims for finding out “strategies that can be used to reduce truancy among secondary school students in Ezza North Local Government Area of Ebonyi State”.

1.3 Purpose of the study

The main purpose of this study was to gain deeper insights on the roles of School Administrators, Parents, Government agencies and Student functionaries in reducing truancy among secondary school students in Ezza North Local Government Area of Ebonyi State.

Specifically, this study sought to find out:

  • The roles of school administrators in reducing truancy among secondary school students.
  • The roles of parents in reducing truancy among secondary school students.
  • The roles of government agencies in reducing truancy among secondary school students.
  • The roles of student functionaries in reducing truancy among secondary school students.

1.4 Significance of the study

No society or organization will prosper without designing effective truancy prevention strategies. This study, which is the strategies for reducing truancy among secondary school students in Ezza North Local Government Area, is of importance to teachers, government, parents and the students. Researching this topic will provide valuable data that may aid in the formulation of policies that can help to establish best practice, approaches for truancy prevention and reduction programs in Ezza North Local Government. Data collected can help develop strategies of allocating resources to address youth truancy and its social and economic effect on the public and the families. For the teachers, this study will serve as a guide to them. From the information gotten from this research, the teachers would be able to know the appropriate methods to reduce truancy in schools. For the government it will help them to formulate strategies which will help to reduce truancy in schools. Anti-truancy was formulated by government agencies to reduce truancy in schools. The parents also benefits from the study. It helps them to know when the children absent themselves from school with the notice of the teacher.

1.5 Scope of the study

This research is designed to cover Ezza North Local Government Area of Ebonyi State. The study centres on “strategies for reducing truancy in secondary schools. It is limited to public secondary schools. The study covered the roles of school administrators, parents, government agencies, and student functionaries in curbing truancy among secondary school students.

1.6 Research question

The research question that this study sought to answer was formulated to serve as a guide in finding out the possible strategies for reducing truancy in secondary schools:

  • What are the roles of school administrators in reducing truancy among secondary school students?
  • What are the roles of parents in reducing truancy among secondary school students?
  • What are the roles of government agencies in reducing truancy among secondary school students?

What are the roles of student functionaries in reducing truancy among secondary school students?

PROJECT TOPIC- STRATEGIES FOR REDUCING TRUANCY AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN EZZA NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EBONYI STATE

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