Our Blog

List of recently published project topics and materials




This study surveyed the management of school farm in Enugu South Local government of Enugu state. The population consisted of three thousand students and twenty agricultural science teacher. A total of three hundred and twenty teachers for research work. The instrument used for data collection was new structured questionnaire. Four research questions were used to guide the study.

The instrument used for data collection was questionnaire, which contain 20 items. Data collected, were analysed using mean scores in rating of the respondents.

Following the result of the findings, the researcher made the following recommendation, more trained agricultural science teachers who will be proud of their field will be employed and ready to display their responsibility diligently, the necessary facilities and equipment for practical work is needed for enhancement of practical studies, government should give allocation for practical agriculture to stimulate the interest of principal, teachers and students, workshop and seminar should be conducted for teachers once per term or annually.




Background of the Study

Presently, in Nigeria there is improved standard of living resulting from medical and health services, which have increased life expectancy and reduced infact motility, the population of Nigeria is increasing at fantastic rate. This means increase demand for food. As was projected by (federal office of statistics Lagos 1984) that Nigeria would reach staggered population of six hundred and thirty million.  This shows that population is growing geometrically while food production is crawling arithmetically (Uchendu 1999).

However, “agriculture continues to be the mainstay of the Nigerian economy. It provides the bulk (70%) of the employment, income and food for entire population, a source of raw material for our industries. It is an important foreign exchange earner a potential which increasingly being exploited. The crucial role of agriculture in over all development of the Nigerian economy is therefore not in doubt.

Hence, Agriculture education is thought in Nigeria’s schools, primary schools levels, and secondary school level and tertiary (colleges and Universities). That is why it is necessary for every school to have School farm      According to Olaitan and mama (2001) school farm is the field laboratory specially designed for the purpose of imparting agricultural knowledge and managerial skills to students in the school through practice.

School farm is an area of land set aside by the school authority for agricultural purposes (Ogwueche 2000). Such area is provided for cultivation of crops and rearing of animals for practical; learning, consumption and for sales. These types of farm are usually carried out on a well-prepared area.

The National policy on education provided for the development of vocational agricultural programme at the secondary school level (Okorie 2001). Because of the important role of agriculture in the development of this country, the programme has been under going modification. Okorie (2001) pointed out that agricultural education as a course of study in primary school originated as rural education and letter modified as agricultural science. By this, more attempts was made to give the programme a function or practical application. Hence, system of farming and gardening devised which were considered suitable for practical school.

However, Okorie (2001) stated that record keeping and accounting was devised for checking the present state of the school farm and other necessary information. At the moment, many primary ad secondary schools in Nigeria especially those in rural areas have programmes for training primary school and secondary school/ pupils. The teaching of agriculture in primary school is aimed at achieving the objectives of the programme, which are:

  • To help the children to develop positive attitude and interest value in agriculture activities.
  • To provide early agriculture practices which will help the pupils in creativities and make them to appreciate agriculture as an occupation.
  • Early practices in agriculture will enable the pupils to interpreter their environment in a scientific way (primary school syllabus, 1995).
  • To enable pupils acquire basic knowledge in agriculture.
  • To expose the pupils to occupation and opportunities to the field of agriculture.

For many years how, it was been observed that the nation’s rate of agriculture production couldn’t meet the demand of the feeding population. Abimbola (1986) stated that a nation that cannot produce enough for its people is not vulnerable and its claim of independence is questionable. Supporting this Uzo (1987) stated that the problems of self sufficient and increase of food in Nigeria remain static, farmers is fast deceasing as a result of old age, crude implement and frustration.

The reaction of parents towards agricultural studies in the universities contributes to student neglect on agriculture and feeling that the subject is meant for those who are only good at manual dexterity and that academically inclined student cannot go down to scratch the soil (Fafuwa 1995). Okorie (2001) stated that the last solution to our food problem would unavoidably involve the young ones (youths) who will be farmers of tomorrow.


Since teaching of practical agricultural science had been greatly emphasized, and it is observed that our secondary schools are devoid of practical work due to inadequate facilities needed for agricultural practices in school farm. Therefore, all knowledge do not come from more bookwork but practical application of materials learnt in real life situation hence, there is the need to have proper management of school farm to achieve the aims of agricultural science education. This makes it absolutely necessary for the researcher to survey the management of school farm in Enugu South Local Government of Enugu State.

Statement of the Problem

About (95%) of Nigerian has decline in farming activities hence, decrease food production. The primary aim of vocation education according to Phipps (1981) is to train present and prospective farmers for proficiency in farming.

Teacher neglect the period for farming activities in secondary schools. There is need for a well-planned and comprehensive practical training in agriculture. The realizations of the national objective vocational oriented agriculture will depends on how school farm is manage by agricultural teachers and students. Other problems are:

  1. a) Low agricultural background from primary school to secondary school level.
  2. b) Inadequate facilities for practical studies.
  3. c) Poor funding of the programme
  4. d) School authority related problems, such as not given support to agricultural practical studies.

Purpose of the Study

School farm is one of the essential facilities established in the secondary schools but little is known of the extent to which this teaching strategy has been utilized. Therefore purpose of this study is

  • To find out the types and extent of the school farm activities provided in the secondary schools.
  • To ascertain the objectives of the school farm activities as held by agricultural science teachers in the secondary schools.
  • To find out to what extent the necessary facilities required for successful school farm management are adequately provided in the secondary schools.
  • To investigate the problems militating against effective school farm management in the secondary schools.

Significance of the Study

The study will be of paramount important to all those who are in charge with the responsibility of planning agricultural education programme for secondary schools, particularly in the area of farm management.

It will also provide all the vital information about the management of school farms to educational planners, curriculum planners, school administrators, agricultural science teachers, colleges of agriculture and universities.

Conclusively, it will help the society in general to know the reason why students are not competent in school farm operation. It will also serve as a guide to West African Examination Council (WAEC) and National Examination Council (NECO) for registering of schools as having qualifies to present candidate for agricultural science in Senior Certificate Examination (SSCE).

Research Questions

  • What are the types and to what extent of the school farm activities are provided in the secondary schools?
  • What are the objectives of the school farm as held by agricultural science teacher in the secondary schools?
  • What are the facilities provided for adequate operation of the school farm in the secondary schools?
  • What are the problems militating against effective school farm management in the secondary schools.

Scope of the Study

This study is to investigate the management of school farm in secondary schools in Enugu South Local Government Of Enugu State. The study will cover five secondary schools in Each Zone that made up the Local government.


Was the material helpful? Comment below. Need the material? Call 08060755653.