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RESEARCH TOPIC – SUSTAINABLE FISH FARMING FOR A SECURED FUTURE IN NIGERIA

SUSTAINABLE FISH FARMING FOR A SECURED FUTURE IN NIGERIA

 

 INTRODUCTION

Aquaculture in the country was undergoing a very slow process of development occasioned by the dearth of qualified personnel and poor awareness. However,  with the upsurge in the population of the country which inadvertently leads to increase in the protein demand, the need for aquaculture development becomes
obvious as it is seen as a veritable option that can complement the protein requirements of the teeming populace. This development has resulted in an increase in awareness and interest in aquaculture by private entrepreneurs.

This is expected as aquaculture portends very high prospects to bridge the wide gap between fish supply and demand in the country.
However, fish-culture is a sedentary occupation. It can succeed whenever the following requirements are met:- Ponds, enclosures or cages correctly built,
a good management, a suitable economic status of the area a supply of quality and adequate fish feeds in appropriate forms depending on the age of fish
under management.

 

 

SUSTAINABLE FISH FARMING FOR A SECURED FUTURE IN NIGERIA

 

 2.0 FISH POND ESTABLISHMENT

Fish farming through which culture fisheries is effected is mainly an inland feature which involves the construction of fish ponds and other associated structures. A fish pond can be aptly defined as a water body which can be supply with water or drained of its water according to the requirements of fish cultivation. It must
provide a suitable environment for fish growth and development.

In other words, fish ponds are the structural systems for fish culture. Their designs vary according to the site of location. It could be earthen pond (geophore) in which case the soil forms the embankment and water is retained for fish to grow. Equally, it could be in form of fish tanks; this can be made from Blockwall, Brickwall, Fiber-Reinforced Plastic (FRP), Concrete, Collapsible Plastic Vat, Thermoplastic or metal, Fish Cages etc. Irrespective of whether fish ponds are earthen type or otherwise, the basic principle of improvisation in fish pond enclosures is to simulate the natural environment that obtains in rivers, lakes, etc to achieve optimal fish growth in a specified period of time under a well controlled environment.

The low-income level of the vast number of our fish farmers has been a major constraint to the establishment of the conventional monk-type fish ponds in the past. This problem was viewed with grave concern by researchers and as a way of circumventing the huge capital investment involved in the construction of such
fish ponds, pond construction has been re-designed to fit the construction economics of the resource-poor, small scale, rural peasant fish farmers that abound in rural urban communities of the country. Thus, construction of dug out ponds in wetland areas, construction of fish tanks on drainable upland areas with conscious efforts to supply water liberally are common enclosures among our teeming fish farmers in the State.

2.1 Criteria for Selection of an Ideal Fish Pond Site

As in other forms of agricultural ventures, sitting of a pond for growing fish has its own specific consideration. Suffice to stress here that the success of a fish farm is hinged on the judicious choice of site selected for fish pond construction.

 

SUSTAINABLE FISH FARMING FOR A SECURED FUTURE IN NIGERIA

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