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PROJECT TOPIC- UTILIZATION OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY (ICT) IN TEACHING OF BUSINESS STUDIES IN JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN AFIKPO SOUTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EBONYI STATE

PROJECT TOPIC- UTILIZATION OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY (ICT) IN TEACHING OF BUSINESS STUDIES IN JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN AFIKPO SOUTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EBONYI STATE

ABSTRACT

The study examines the Utilization of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in Teaching and Learning of Business Studies in Junior Secondary Schools in Afikpo South Local Government Area of Ebonyi State. .Four research questions guided the study.The population of the study comprised of 3285 teachers and students. Instrument for data collection was structured questionnaire which was validated by three experts.The data collected were analyzed using mean.The result of the study showed that:to a low extent are interactive Information and Communication Technology (ICT) tools made available for teaching and learning of Business Studies, that to a low extent are interactive Information and Communication Technology (ICT) tools are utilized for teaching and learning of Business Studies,The study reviewed thatto a low extent are non interactive Information and Communication Technology (ICT) tools made available in teaching and learning of Business Studiesand to a low extent are non interactive Information and Communication Technology (ICT) tools utilized in teaching and learning of Business Studies. Based on these findings, Government should help by providing interactive Information and Communication Technology (ICT) tools for effective teaching and learning of Business Studies, Teachers should be train on how to utilized interactive Information and Communication Technology (ICT) tools for effective teaching and learning of Business Studies in their day to day activities in school, government should aid the school by providing non interactive Information and Communication Technology (ICT) tools for effective teaching and learning of Business Studies.In all suggestions for further studies were made.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background to the Study

The integration of information and communication technology (ICT) has totally revolutionalizedthe way we access, process, store, retrieve and disseminate information within organizations or across the globe, whether it is in vocal, pictorial, textual numeric, or macro electric based hence ICT is now a topical issue in Nigeria (Ubulom, 2011). The grandiloquent role of students as recipients and raw materials for education becomes a paradox when teachers are not grounded with the knowledge, skills, techniques and other wherewithal needed to transform these students who are raw materials into useful outputs.

Therefore, teachers are seen as catalysts. As catalysts teachers are expected to cause a change in the behaviour of these students. A teacher who can act as an ideal catalyst is an authority on the subject he/she teaches, flexible in attitude,exemplary in conduct, easily approachable, controls and directs when necessary and goes out of the way toallow leadership acts to emerge from learners.

Teaching itself is a two way communication but learning is more important than teaching because ifteaching does not result in learning, it is futile. This implies that any teaching which does not result in achange in the bahaviour of learners is not teaching at all. Any teaching plan should therefore be a symbiosis of theoretical vigour with “hand on” practical application. This makes the utilization of ICT by both teachers and students in teaching and learning of Business studies.

Federal republic of Nigeria (FRN, 2004) views junior secondary education as the type of education given after nursery education. The goals of education is further highlighted by FRN to include contribution to national development through high level relevant manpower training; develop and inculcate proper values for the survival of the individual and society; acquisition of both physical and intellectual skills which will enable individuals to be self-reliant and useful members of the society, among others.

They further said that, it may not be because it is relatively new in this part of the world, but because ICT encompass a range of technologies and application systems of microprocessors that have had profound impact on the society and its way of life. Information and communication technology is daily giving rise to new concepts, new ideas and making impact not only in the industries/businesses but also in the education sector.

ICT has simplified education through the utilization of electronics media, internet and among others. According Ezeabi and Obeyi (2008), the production and introduction of calculators and computer in the education system worldwide has helped in simplifying teaching and learning in schools, thereby promoting national stability and economic survival. The entire world has become a global village through information and communication technology.

The new wave of Business studies and ICT is a dynamic change cutting across every country; a change that is being experienced even more in developing countries. ICT, globalization and educational technology cannot be ignored by any nation hence there is need for continued application of ICT in all spheres of educational activities in order to achieve the much desired growth which will enable enhanced technological, social and economic advancement in the developed world (Ibe, 2010).

Business studies revolves round the creation and processing of data and management of information in the system, particularly in office technology and Accounting education.Generally, education emancipates man and makes him capable and fit for the world of work.In the words of Osuala (2004), there is no basis for comparison between the knowledge provided through the traditional teaching method and that given through ICT.

In the view of the increasing need for effectiveness, efficiency and continuity, compared with the rapid expansion of business outfits, and ever increasing commercial transactions, it has become imperative that new entrants into the world of work and in particular Business studies graduates, should be well prepared. The convergence of tools of ICT with the education process has brought to the fore emerging competencies which are not present in the various curricula for producing office Workers.

Emerging technologies under ICTs, such as E-commerce, the internet, peach trees,multimedia system and other digital communication means are positively impacting on the ways of educational instructions. Despite this supposed impact, the products of Nigerian educational systems are not receiving pedagogical and manipulative training through full utilization of ICT in educational instructions.

The paucity of resources of ICT in Nigeria educational system appears to make her a poor ICT based educational instruction country.. In the words of Aguomo (2007), all the technological advancement means are all the processes that integrate computer and communication device with the traditional manual process. According to him, virtually every office function could be automated, thus enhancing the office workers’ job.

PROJECT TOPIC- UTILIZATION OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY (ICT) IN TEACHING OF BUSINESS STUDIES IN JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN AFIKPO SOUTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EBONYI STATE

1.2 Statement of the Problem

Business studies teachers are expected to integrate information and communication technology in the teaching and learning process, they ought to use technology so that it supports instruction and enables learners to use technology as an important tool to meet their information and learning needs but this expectation has not be met among the junior secondary school where business studies is taught in Ebonyi State.

Is it that the teachers cannot make use of ICT to teach during teaching and learning process of business studies courses? Or they are not competent enough of using ICT during teaching and learning of business studies courses? Probably the greatest barrier to technology use, however, is simply lack of teacher time- time to attend training or workshops, to experiment with machines and explore software, to talk to other teachers about what works and what doesn’t, and to plan lessons using new materials or methods (Okonta, 2008).

Has business studies curriculum fully embraced the use of these new materials or methods in teaching and learning of Business studies?   Are the ICT resources available for use by the teachers in teaching and learning of business studies courses?Information and communication technologies are already a vital factor in successful development of education. Education for new emerging societies requires ICT to facilitate more meaningful learning. 

ICTs knowledge are not simply means of improving society only,but main products of improving efficiency in the office. ICT has become a critical tool for professional training. The sooner learners know how to use products of ICT, the easier they can find their way to capture the newest methods of data acquisition, transformation and utilization to improve knowledge. The level of development and utilization of modern technologies in different countries is determined not only by their material resources but, to a large extent, by the degree of society’s ability to produce, absorb and apply new knowledge.

These processes are largely driven by information and communication technologies where scientific knowledge and information increasingly determine new patterns more effectively. The era of new ICTs doesnot eliminate the most difficult problems that the world of education faces now which have tobe solved irrespective of whether the new technologies are adopted or rejected. Nevertheless, training and development, social and professional requirements heavily rely on the

introduction of ICT into education. The alternative to the above is to lag behind these developments chronically and consequently fail to meet the challenges of the new world order. However, it is uncertain whether the tertiary institutions in Ebonyi State of Nigeria are utilizing ICT effectively to enhance teaching and learning ability of Business studies Students.          The graduate students being unproductive or without technological skills create a serious problem, hence the impact of information and communication technology (ICT) in teaching and learning of business studies programme has been examined in this study.

1.3 Purpose of the Study

The purpose of the study was to determine the utilization of information and communication technology (ICT) in teaching and learning of business studies in junior secondary schools in Afikpo South Local Government Area of Ebonyi State. Specifically: the study sought to:

  1. Ascertain the extent of availability of interactive Information and Communication Technology (ICT) tools for teaching and learning of Business Studies
  2. Ascertain the extent of utilization of interactive Information and Communication Technology (ICT) tools for teaching and learning of Business Studies
  3. Ascertain the extent of availability of non interactive Information and Communication Technology (ICT) tools for teaching and learning of Business Studies
  4. Ascertain the extent of utilization of non interactive Information and Communication Technology (ICT) tools for teaching and learning of Business Studies

1.4 Significance of the Study

The findings of this study would be based on the utilization of information and communication technology (ICT) in teaching and learning of business studies in junior secondary schools in Afikpo South Local Government Area of Ebonyi State which would be of immense benefits to the following group of persons; curriculum planners, business educators, students, industry and parents.

The findings would be useful to curriculum planners. Curriculum planners who would wish to resolve the issue of ICT availability and utilization may have cause to know the true situation and properly restructure Business studies Programme curriculum to take care of the inadequacies. Curriculum planners would be more objective when the findings are talking into consideration.

The findings of this study would create the expected awareness among Business studies teachers, supervisors and all others involved in the implementation of Business studies Curriculum. If teachers implement the curriculum properly, the objectives of the subjects will be achieved. The teachers would be in a better position to help students acquire a sound knowledge and reduce the difficulties in practicing the ICT skills. The findings of this study will also help business educators to be more effective in their service delivery for their students. It would enable them to know the usefulness of ICT in teaching and learning process

The findings of this research work would enable students of business studies to know the positive impact of ICT on their learnability.

The findings of this study would make the industries to know the relationship between what is learnt in the classroom and the real world of work. It would build confidence on the employers of labour as they get to know the viability of using ICT in business studies programme.

Parents are no exempted because they are concern about their children performance in school. They are mindful of what their children actually learn in school. The findings will therefore stand as conviction to their actual expectation of their children achievement.

1.5 Research Questions

          The following research questions were formulated for this study:

  1. To what extent are interactive Information and Communication Technology (ICT) tools are made availability for teaching and learning of Business Studies
  2. To what extent are interactive Information and Communication Technology (ICT) tools are utilization for teaching and learning of Business Studies
  3. To what extent are non interactive Information and Communication Technology (ICT) tools are made availability in teaching and learning of Business Studies
  4. To what extent are non interactive Information and Communication Technology (ICT) tools are utilization for teaching and learning of Business Studies

1.6 Scope of the Study

This study focused on the utilization of information and communication technology (ICT) in teaching and learning of business studies in junior secondary schools in Afikpo South Local Government Area of Ebonyi State. The study was restricted to junior secondary school students.

PROJECT TOPIC- UTILIZATION OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY (ICT) IN TEACHING OF BUSINESS STUDIES IN JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN AFIKPO SOUTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EBONYI STATE

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