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PROJECT TOPIC:ATTITUDE OF PARENTS TOWARDS THE TEACHING OF SEX EDUCATION IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN OLOMU LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF DELTA STATE

PROJECT TOPIC:ATTITUDE OF PARENTS TOWARDS THE TEACHING OF SEX EDUCATION IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN OLOMU LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF DELTA STATE

 

Abstract

This study was carried out in order to determine the attitude of parents towards sex education, the sample constituted 300 parents randomly selected from 2 main wards in Olomu Local Government Area, the questionnaires were administered to the subjects with 100 percent return rate, four research questions were proposed to guide the study, mean and grand mean were used for data analysis. The following results were obtained. The mean score of the attitude of parents towards the teaching of sex education was 2.3 which is lower than the criterion mean of 2.5. The means score of parents towards the objective of sex education was 2.6 which is higher than the criterion mean of 2.5. The approach use by those teachers teaching sex education was 2.7 which is higher than the criterion mean of 2.5, the qualification of those teaching sex education was 3.1 which is higher than the criterion mean of 2.5. Based on the result, the following recommendations were made. Health education should be intensified in school, work place and women forum to disabuse parents of myths, misconception and ignorance of teaching sex education, the sex education curriculum should be reviewed to ensure its comprehensiveness and should also be reviewed to meet the needs of different age levels; cultural factors, religious beliefs and other factors that affect the teaching of sex education should be discouraged.

 

CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION

Background of the Study

Sex education in the Nigerian society is very complex and very important to be overlooked in everyday life, this observation may be true in many societies of the world. At present, the issue of sex education in many Nigerian communities is covered by strong cultural, religious beliefs and other factors, in some families, a mere mention of sex organ is regarded as a taboo, Achalu (2000), reported that in some Nigeria families parents find it difficult to discuss sexual behaviours with their children, as observed by Darymple (2000) many people feel a great deal of discomfort and anxiety when sex is mentioned, this he attributed to culture and ignorance, when it comes to sex education in Olomu local government may not be an exception to this type of habit or attitude. This is because in Olomu local government there is little or no distinction between the rural community and the urban, the habit and life styles of the urban dwellers may be influenced by the traditional and cultural beliefs and more of the rural community. As a matter of fact, the behaviour of parents in Olomu local government area may not be different, although fear has been expressed in some quarters that sex education may stimulate young people to experience sex.

Posse and Melgosa (2002), in their definition of family life education, opined that: “it is that aspect of heath education which prepares the child, adolescent or young adults to become responsible members of their family.” They asset that, it helps the individual to understand his development biologically, psychologically and socially to full maturity as a man or woman.
Sex education can also be defined as a comprehensive programme on sex knowledge, behaviour and attitude extending from infancy to maturity, planned and executed to produce socially and morally desirable attitude, practice and personal behaviour. (Briggs 2002). The above definition laid credence to Achalu (2000) who asserts that sex education is an aspect of health education programme arrived at providing accurate information to help people to develop positive and healthy sex attitude, values, goals, and practices to enable them express their sexual impulse and behaviour in a socially and ethically acceptable manner.

PROJECT TOPIC:ATTITUDE OF PARENTS TOWARDS THE TEACHING OF SEX EDUCATION IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN OLOMU LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF DELTA STATE

From the above statement we can deduced that sex education is not mainly aimed at the provision of sex knowledge or information nor is it to acquire necessary skills in sex act; it goes beyond sex information and sexual performance. It helps people to understand scientific, social and physiological implications of sex. Sex education is supposed to offer accurate information about individuals according to age, environment and social status so as to keep them well informed.
Hence it should be one of the accepted course of study taught in all levels of educational institutions any where in the world including Nigeria. In this study, sex education means the process of exposing an individual to positive and negative sexual behaviour and knowledge on sexual habit in order for him/her to live safe and healthy sexual life. The National curriculum (1985) for senior secondary schools provides for the teaching of sex education as one of the school subjects, the curriculum should based upon problems, personal and social needs as well as the interest of the students. Sex education in its sense has been designed to dispel ignorance of sexual matters and to clarify misconceptions.
From personal experience, it is doubtful if schools in Olomu Local government give a serious attention to the teaching of sex education as a subject, the consequence of this may be associated with the incidence of several cases of health problems like teenage pregnancies, abortions and sexually transmitted diseases, negative attitude and beliefs people hold about the teaching of sex education in the homes, and the schools.
In the same way, Nancy, (1998) as observed through the internet, asserts that rather than trying to determine or frighten young people from having sex, effective sex education to enable young people to choose whether or not to have sexual relationship should be taken into account because of the potential risks of sexual activity. Briggs (2001) also stated that “when ever compulsory sex education is introduced in school, natural tension rises between the schools and parents.” This type of situation may not be ruled out in a place like Olomu local Government Area of Delta State; hence sex education is not taken as an important subject despite its inclusion in the school curriculum. In-addition, Briggs (2001) also believes that public sensitivity to sex education is often shaped by cultural and religious perceptions.
To understand a person’s action we must be aware of the fact that his behaviour is influenced by his sense of values, the experience that have confronted him and the attitude that developed from those experiences predisposes an individual to react in a particular way and behaviour is the test or result of this state that attitudes are favourable towards those activities of meeting needs. Negative attitudes are held towards things or situations which are believed to be harmful.
Ademuwagun, (1981) stressed that the need for inclusion of human reproduction as a major focus and looked at sex education as concern with human sexuality as distinguished characteristics between male and female, physically, socially and culturally. He went further by giving consideration to sex education as it involves traditional and cultural attitudes and behaviour towards sex relation and dilemma of modern practices and perception; parent according to Pelt (2002) are confused part, because of the films, newspaper stories, magazines, television shows that distort their children’s views about sex and sexual love. He further stated that in the face of glazing immorality, parents should endeavor to teach their children basic anatomy and moral values as regards to sex, mothers and fathers get shocked and upset when children are involved in sex play. Sex play and experimentation are common among adolescent and parents should talk quietly with their children about the matter sex, answering the question’s and giving explanations to avoid development of unwholesome attitude, feeling of shame and guilt among them.

PROJECT TOPIC:ATTITUDE OF PARENTS TOWARDS THE TEACHING OF SEX EDUCATION IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN OLOMU LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF DELTA STATE

Adolescence is a period starting from 13 to 19 in a lifetime (Pelt 2002). It is the most discussed period of life span.
Uka (1983) Described adolescent as a critical period of life, a time of “storm” and “stress” for the maturing individual. Awala (2005) also stated that adolescence can be turbulent times that are usually assaulted. He also describes adolescence as “a period of transition commonly characterized by stress and anxiety”, the young ones are often inexperienced to handle stress and anxiety in a positive way and this may lead them to fall easily into destructive forms of behaviour.
According to Awake (2005) if describes adolescents to involve in misbehaviour such as promiscuous sex, violence and pregnancy out of wedlock.
Parents should guide and lead heir children in knowing the truth which is less disturbing than not knowing the fact, the issue of experimentation according to Pelf (2005) comes most frequently from uniformed children, for experimentation is one way of getting information. He further stated that sex offenders usually come from a home where little or no sex education is taught.

The problems encountered in our society as a result of lack of effective sex education cannot be overemphasized, it is necessary for parents, teachers and even youths to collaborate in a coordinated effort to implement sex education curriculum both in homes and schools, this will go a long way to reduce over excitement, misinformation, ignorance and over exposure over sex issues.
Statement of the Problem
It is painful to note that there is an increase in the rate of teenage pregnancy and abandoned children in Olomu Local Government Area of Delta State. According to Odo (2003) he stated that there is an increase in human immune deficiency virus (H.I.V.) infection among youths in Olomu irrespective of condom message of protection against sexually transmitted diseases, in our society today, there are lots of marriages and broken homes which are also attributed to lack of sex education Pet (2002) Olomu communities are not left out in these existing problems, the youths in Olomu local Government are over sexually permissive because of lack of sex education Odo (2003).
The issue of sex in many Nigeria communities is covered by strong cultural, religious beliefs and ignorance, furthermore many people feel a great deal of discomfort and anxiety when sex is mentioned, based on the above problems this study becomes necessary.
Purpose of the Study
The purpose of this study is to find out the attitude of parents towards the teaching of sex education in Olomu Local Government Area.
Specifically, the study intends to find out:
(1) The attitude of parents towards the teaching of sex education.
(2) Objective of sex education
(3) The approach use by those teachers teaching sex education.
(4) The qualification of those teaching sex educations.
Significance of the Study
(1) The result of this study will sensitize literate parents on the need for teaching sex education in schools and homes.
(2) The result will also help the human immune deficiency virus/ acquired immune deficiency syndrome control unit in Olomu Local Government Area to intensify its campaign against the scourge of sexually transmitted diseases through a programme of sex education in school.
(3) Furthermore, the result of this study will help literate parents and adolescents to know that sex education is not only concerned with sexual relationship between man and woman.
(4) The study will help health education curriculum planners to plan curriculum to suit the youth in secondary school.
Research Questions
The following research questions are proposed to guide this study;
(1) What is the attitude of parents towards the teaching of sex education?
(2) What is the objective of sex education?
(3) What is the approach use by those teachers teaching sex education?
(4) What is the qualification of those teaching sex educations?

 

PROJECT TOPIC:ATTITUDE OF PARENTS TOWARDS THE TEACHING OF SEX EDUCATION IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN OLOMU LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF DELTA STATE

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