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PROJECT TOPIC:CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES OF UNEMPLOYMENT IN THE SOCIETY: A CASE STUDY OF IKA NORTH-EAST LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF DELTA STATE

  PROJECT TOPIC:CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES OF UNEMPLOYMENT IN THE SOCIETY: A CASE STUDY OF IKA NORTH-EAST LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF DELTA STATE

 

ABSTRACT

 

This study is aimed at investigating the causes and consequences of unemployment in Ika North East Local Government of Delta State. The upsurge in unemployment rates in the society has been very worrisome among social scientists. A good understanding of the phenomenon under study and its implication for the study would help in reducing or controlling it. An appropriate design (research design) was used which helped in gathering data from the field. The sample size was 120 respondents and these included 30 traditional rulers, 30 employers of labour, 30 policy makers and 30 unemployed persons and questionnaires were administered to them and some interviewed. Two hypotheses were formulated for the study and were tested using the chi-square technique. The findings revealed that the high crime rate in the area was due to the high unemployment rate. Recommendations were also provided for the study. On the whole the study was interesting.


CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

 

1.1   BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

The problem of unemployment has remained intractable even in the developed economies of the world namely, U.S.A, Germany, France to mention but these few. Being employed makes one happy. Awake (1983) stated that meaningful employment could bring happiness, makes one wanted and needed. It further argued that people acquire certain skills so that they could be employed and be able to provide for their needs and that of the family, but unemployment seems to step in and dash this hope.Unemployment is one of the social problems in Nigeria which has assumed a greater dimension with the emergence of “black god” that is crude oil, as every young school leavers had to abandon the village in search of employment in the urban centres. Government on her side also forget Agricultural sector, which was the mainstay of the economy in the 1960s

By 1986, an estimated 3.7 million people were said to be unemployed with about 1.5 million youths joining the labour force annually. This resulted in an urban unemployment rate of 10% and rural unemployment rate of 4% (Federal Office of Statistics, 1986). All the components of the labour force suffered from the scourge of unemployment of youths, especially graduates, retrenched civil servants and private sectors employees. The unemployment consists of all those that are willing to work and able to work but are unable to find job. The total labour force of Nigeria is made up of those between the age of 15 years and 59 years. Unemployment arises when the demand for labour of the factors of production falls short of supply

In this study therefore, we are going to examine the causes and consequences of unemployment in the society with Ika North East as a case study.

 

PROJECT TOPIC:CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES OF UNEMPLOYMENT IN THE SOCIETY: A CASE STUDY OF IKA NORTH-EAST LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF DELTA STATE

 

1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

In Nigeria, a number of states including Delta State, experience a rise in unemployment among youths. Unemployment situation in Delta State is inherent in the capitalist system of Nigeria economy. As policy makers are not committed to evolve pragmatic measures capable of reducing unemployment to the barest minimum, we find out that the unemployed are alienated, because such policies as poverty alleviation programme, National Directorate For Employment (NDE) not in any way reduced the problem of unemployment, but has been hijacked by some selfish and greedy Nigerians.

Mccleland (1961) made an assumption about people which say that man is not often looked upon as a rational economic man, social man, self actualizing man and complex. So that unemployment seems to dash away these needs. Unemployment has been the bane of the society, it has defied solutions both state and local governments. It is for this reason that the researcher was motivated to undertake this study in order to investigate the causes and consequences of unemployment in the study area. It is the hope of the researcher that if the causes and consequences of unemployment in the study area are known, the solution will not be far fetched.

 

CAUSES OF UNEMPLOYMENT

Lampam (1974), in his research on unemployment and its causes, found out that a good research on the effect of unemployment and an intelligent approach to public policy aimed at preventing or reducing it would demand some understanding of the cause of unemployment in a given society.Lampam (1974) report on the cause of unemployment stated that agriculture is the taproot of an economy. He warned that any attempt to give agricultural activities a secondary attention in the economy of any nation would sooner or later create unemployment situation.Investigation into Nigeria sources of revenue in the 1960s and early 1970s showed that agricultural products was the chief source of income to the country. But with the neglect of agriculture due to oil boom, the economy late failed, and has resulted into unemployment

The second factor according to Lampan (1974) was the degree of unemployment in the developing countries were due to the neglect of indigenous technology and inadequate patronage received by local industries from the consumers and their government as well as the rate of profit reinvestment in the foreign owned industries in the country. He observed that in any economic system where indigenous technology and local industries were not encouraged and patronized, there tend to be a decrease in the production capacity and, an increase in the dumping of the countries wealth in foreign countries in the name of purchasing foreign goods.

The picture portrayed by Lampan above, was actually what happened in Nigeria, were especially during the oil boom period that has resulted to the unemployment situation in the country. Finally, the greatest unemployment-causing factor in Nigeria has been identified to the ineptitude, corruption, fraud and general failure of leadership in our country.

 

PROBLEMS

 Some of the problems of unemployment are as follows:Unemployment brings frustration and disappointment.Unemployment causes crime like robbery, prostitution, drug trafficking.Unemployment syndrome is so rampant in rural and urban area.Unemployment had led to increase in poverty.

 

PROJECT TOPIC:CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES OF UNEMPLOYMENT IN THE SOCIETY: A CASE STUDY OF IKA NORTH-EAST LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF DELTA STATE

 

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