Our Blog

List of recently published project topics and materials

PROJECT TOPIC:EFFECT OF IMPROVISED MATERIALS ON THE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF BIOLOGY IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN NJIKOKA URBAN OF ANAMBRA STATE.

PROJECT TOPIC:EFFECT OF IMPROVISED MATERIALS ON THE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF BIOLOGY IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN NJIKOKA URBAN OF ANAMBRA STATE.

ABSTRACT

This research work deals with the effect of improvised materials on the teaching and learning biology in secondary schools. It has been reportedly be lived that teaching and learning is the life wire of any organization or firm that is, it is an indispensable tool in education as well as in all human endeavours. This is because among other subjects serves as an integrating force that enhance them to act in a co-ordinated manner.

Meanwhile it has been noticed that some effects of improvised materials on the teaching and learning of biology in secondary schools. The researcher also tried to find out whether this problems result to non attainment of the stated objectives of the teaching and learning of biology education. The researcher also examined how effective teaching and learning of biology could create a better relationship between.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

  • BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

       Education is the main factor that separates man from mere animality found in man. Education may simply be talked of as the process by a person acquires knowledge to live well in his society. A good understanding of the concept of education is derived from two approaches categorized as the broad sense and strict sense source.

Education in the broad sense embraces all those experiences of the individual through which knowledge is acquired, the intellect enlightened and the will strengthened. In the strict sense, the term education is employed to designate the consciously planned and systematically applied training carried on through the various social agencies especially the school sense.

This sense implies teaching, learning and discipline. The culmination of the teaching and learning process is the introduction of the individual to the moral life of the community and transmitting the individual the intellectual content of civilization source.

It can only be said that education has been achieved when it has involved the active participates of the learner upon whom the whole idea of teaching and learning rests upon source. Farrant in Eluu (2005) describes education as the total process of human learning by which knowledge is imparted, faculties trained and skills, developed”.

It involves leading somebody out into new knowledge and experience for his growth and development which involves all mans activities to enable him realize himself and live fully as a human being. According to Njoku (1997), an individual is being educated to have the right kind of values and behaviour, acquire skill, be versatite having a broad outlook, be literate to read and write, be able to handle numbers and do some calculations, be able to perform his civic duties, be sociable and enhance peaceful co-existence, have an enquiring mind, respect the law, recognize dignity of labour, be dynamic and innovative not static or conservative.

In education, there are three domains, which must be attained if such an educations is to claim that it is sufficiently balanced. These includes the:

  1. Cognitive domain (ii) The effective domain and (iii) The psychomotor domain. These domains are achievable through an effective teacher and a sufficient supply and use of improvised materials. One of the monumental problems facing Nigeria as a developing nation is Education.
  2. Most people think that Education is costly and therefore avoid schooling but thanks to the government that has to make read and costly budgets that would involve enlightenment and free education, which the government of Nigeria and Anambra State in particular, has adopted as an instrument for excellence. Many philosophical issues are raised, which find ramification in the school the teacher, the curriculum, materials and facilities by who? It is through the positive impact of the above factors the broad aim and objective of educations find their fulfillment and actualizations.

One of the most important inputs to the effective teaching and learning of biology is the use of teaching materials but in this area of economic depression, Awka and Njikoka urban, the teaching and learning of biology at the secondary school level is generally being carried out through take and chalk method.

Onwuka in Odo, Ede, and Ezike (1998) stated that one of the most important tasks of teachers is to arrange and present their lessons, topics or learning experiences in such a manner that they would have meaning to the learner both presently and in the future while striving to achieve this major objective teachers also bear mind that all done in the name of education is expected to bring about changes in human behaviour, attitude skill and belief.

The use of teaching aids and instructional materials helps students learn faster, comprehensively and make the actual teaching job easier and time saving. Due to their absence of the conventional materials, efforts are being made by biology teachers to improve biology education by improvising teaching materials but the actual influence of the use are yet to be determined. In other words, the Contribution of the use of Improvised Instructional materials to the realization of the objective of science in some urban areas are yet to be felt.

The practice of improvisation has been with us all this while but we need to clear our mind on what it really is. NTI (1990) sees Improvisation as a technique of originating a totally new tool, instruments, device or modifying an already existing one for the purpose of teaching and learning.

In his own words, Igwe (2000) sees Improvisation as the making or inventing a piece of science teaching equipment in emergency. It is and essential part of laboratory management for the purpose of maximizing the use of the available resources.

PROJECT TOPIC:EFFECT OF IMPROVISED MATERIALS ON THE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF BIOLOGY IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN NJIKOKA URBAN OF ANAMBRA STATE.

Improvisation materials enables research for cheaper, faster method of making teachings and learning process easier for the teacher and student. This is because students learn best when the subject matter is brought practically to their senses, since the more the senses are stimulated, the more a person learns, and the more he retains. In line with this, science teachers should exhibit resourcefulness by Improvising materials in place of the standardized ones.

Even the collection of these teaching materials by the pupils themselves is in itself rewarding and a stimulating learning source experience. Improvised material when used effectively presents facts and information, they arouse students interest and enthusiasm, principles and processes, they impress pictures and images, vividly in the mind and memory of the learners and they help in the transfer of learning.

  • STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEMS

       Improvisation is a case of making available substitutes in science materials in cases of emergency or lack in the process of teaching and learning of science the use of such materials has been researched to be useful to the teaching and learning of science as it influences the activities of the teacher as well as the interest of the students. But their availability has not been fully encouraging, hence, most teachers do improvise the materials while other do not.

Even those who do improvise them have flaws in their processes of improvisation some other teachers prefer standardized materials to improvised ones. Through, teachers do teach effectively with the chalk and talk method, how has this brought a change in interest. Understanding, commitment and zeal of students in learning and widening the knowledge of the teacher in teaching biology. This researcher feels that the teaching biology in secondary schools in Njikoka urban of Anambra State would be hindered seriously if improvisation of instructional materials were not encouraged.

Again would the improvisation of science materials actually produce the desired influence in the teaching and learning of biology to necessitate its adoption by biology teachers. This is the rationals behind the choice of the topic “Effect of improvised material on the teaching and learning of biology in secondary schools in NJikoka urban of Anambra State

  • PURPOSE OF THE STUDY

       Specifically, this study is aimed at:

  1. Determining the extent of use of improvised materials, by biology teachers in secondary schools in Njikoka urban.
  2. As certaining the extent improvisation of teaching materials has enhanced teaching methods in biology teachers.
  3. Determining if improvised teachings materials have influenced students attitude towards biology in secondary schools.
  4. Discovering if improvised materials are preferred over the standardized one.
    • SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

       This research aims at producing results and adding values to teachers, students and the society at large. On the part of the students, they will be in a better position to access the usefulness or otherwise of their involvement in the improvisation of teaching materials for biology lessons. This will go a long way to make them become more interested in the activities of improvisation and also be able to handle and preserve improvised materials better. In addition these findings will enable teachers and students appreciate the usefulness or otherwise of their environment as it concerns their performance in biology examination and total living.

On the part of the teachers, they will be in a better position to justify or otherwise, the time, effort and even money they invest in improvising biology teaching materials. The finding well also guide their subsequent steps or strategies towards enhancing better biology teaching with regards to improvisation of teaching materials. On the society at large, the findings of this study will enlighten the society on the value of the environment.

This will enhance better preservation and protection of the environment. The findings of this study will review the usefulness and value things in the environment from what science teaching materials are improvised. Generally therefore, the finding of this study will guide policy makers, educations, curriculum planners and all concerned with biology education review, to re-affirm on withdraw their individual views or collective views about improvisation of biology teaching and learning of materials.

  • SCOPE OF THE STUDY

This study was limited to SS III students in secondary school in Njikoka urban of Anambra State. It is also focused on the influence of improvised material in teaching biology

  • RESEARCH QUESTIONS

The following research questions have been formulated to guide this study.

  1. What is the extent of use improvised materials by biology teacher in secondary school in Njikoka urban?
  2. To what extent has improvisation of teaching materials enhance teaching belong in Njikoka urban?
  3. How has improvisation of teaching materials in Biology influenced students attitude towards biology in Njoikoka urban?
  4. To what extent are improvised materials preferred over the standardized ones?
    • HYPOTHESIS

       The following null hypotheses have been formulated to guide the study.

Ho1­­ There is no significant difference in the mean responses of male and female teachers on improvisation of biology teaching materials.

Ho­2 There is no significant difference in the mean responses of student who use improvised materials with that use the standardized ones.

PROJECT TOPIC:EFFECT OF IMPROVISED MATERIALS ON THE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF BIOLOGY IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN NJIKOKA URBAN OF ANAMBRA STATE.

 

Hits: 136

Was the material helpful? Comment below. Need the material? Call 08060755653.

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.