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PROJECT TOPIC:NUTRITIONAL VALUE AND PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF MUCUNA URENS (OKOBO SEED)

NUTRITIONAL VALUE AND PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS  OF MUCUNA URENS (OKOBO SEED)

 

 ABSTRACT

Proximate composition, elemental contents and Photochemical analysis of processed mucuna Urens seeds have been determined. The seed was found to have high percentage of crude protein (26.25%), carbohydrate (44.25%), crude fibre (21.05%), but low in inorganic determination reveled that seed is low in minerals like magnesium (0.14%), Calcium (1.40%) and manganese (0.15%) iron(0.72%),lead (1.77%). It was equally found that the seed contained some photochemical like saponins, glycoside, tannins, and Flavonoids, alkaloids. So, the utilization of mucuna urens as food condiment and it’s incorporation in animal feeds is good as an excellent source of nutrients for the human diet.

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

         1.1  OVERVIEW

Mucuna urens with the local names in Igbo language “Okobo seed” belongs to the family of leguminosae and the sub-family of papilionaceae of flowering plants. Literature1 has it that most soup thickners forms excellent source of nutrients for the human diets, due to the unfounded traditional belief that excessive consumption of legumes lowers libido in male octogenarians1, while literature is scanty on the chemical composition of soup thickness, some work has been reported on the nutritive value. Literature also revealed that the germination and cooking are capable of reducing some anti-nutrients like tannin and phytate content of the seed significantly2.

NUTRITIONAL VALUE AND PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS  OF MUCUNA URENS (OKOBO SEED

In addition it has been found that mucuna urens has a high percentage of carbohydrate, protein and a moderate amount of fat and oil3.

Mucuna urens is a source of oil which is used for diverse purposes, while other parts of the tree including the roots and leaves are used as herbs for medicinal purposes, the tree serves as a source of income when applied into construction, furniture, etc. while the seed serves as a soup thickeners3.

1.2  SCOPE

The scope of this research is to investigate the nutritional values, And photochemical analysis  of MUCUNA URENS, and some mineral constituents of the seed i.e carbohydrate, protein, fat and oil, moisture, calcium, magnesium, iron, and also the photochemicals present such as saponin, Tannins, Flavonoids, steroids, Glycosides, and Alkaloids.

 

1.3 AIM

This Research work is aimed at determining the chemical composition and mineral constituents as well as some photochemicals present in MUCUNA URENS.

NUTRITIONAL VALUE AND PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS  OF MUCUNA URENS (OKOBO SEED

 

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