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The research was conducted to determine preparedness for computer education in Ebonyi State secondary school. The purpose of this study was to asses the preparedness for computer education in Ebonyi State secondary schools. The researcher formulated four research questions that guided the study. The related literature was reviewed. Survey research design was adopted for the study which covered the entire Ebonyi State.  The population was 171,835. Samples of theses were gotten using table of random numbers from each education zone and they were 775 (750 students and 25 teachers) respondents. Structured questionnaire was used to collect data for the study. The questionnaire was validated and reliability was also tested using test re-test method. The reliability co-efficient of 0.75 was obtained using Pearson product moment correlation co-efficient 775 copies of questionnaire were administered on the respondents and all were collected.

The data collected from respondents were presented in frequency tables and analyzed using mean and 2.50 was the cut-off point adopted for the study. The findings of the study include; the inadequacy of computer education materials likes computer systems, computer laboratory, furniture, cooling facilities and textbooks. Also the numbers of qualified computer education teachers are not adequate. The study also revealed that software package are inadequate and the infrastructures are inadequate. Its educational implication is to help defeat all the factors that will work against attainment of the good goals of teaching and learning computer. Based on the finding of the study, some recommendations were made. The researchers suggested that the research should be carried out in other states.

                              CHAPTER ONE


   Background to the Study

The stage of computer revolution in our society today emphasized the production, storage and distribution of information in various forms.       Since, it’s introduction, it’s use assumed an unprecedented explosion and has now become a culture (MBAM 2000). The computer has found itself in almost all human enterprises. Though a vast majority of people have the misconception that the computer is just a large and powerful calculation machine, it is actually much more than that. Abimbola (1986) sees computer as an electronic device which is manufactured to accept order sequence of instruction given to it in an appropriate language and to carry out these instructions with great speed and accuracy


Pask and Curran (1982) define a modern computer as a very simple in the sense that what it really does is add, subtract and compare and more complicated because all the tasks required it must be reducible to these simple operations. MBAM (2000) defines computer as a fast and accurate electronic symbols (or data) manipulating device (or system) that will accept and store input data, processes them and produce outputs under the influence of a stored programme of instructions. Based on the above definitions, a computer could be understood as an electronic device which can hold vast quantities of information and accurately store the information for use. It is capable of carrying and processing input calculation according to predetermined set of instructions.



Computer is felt in establishment like banks power holding company, independent national electoral commission, payroll processing, examination conduction, diagnosing sickness in hospitals, engineering and management in general (Mbam, 2000). In the educational system, the computer is a powerful teaching tool and as a medium of instruction that has helped to improve students performance in school subjects and has taken care of problem confronting teachers. It guides a student through a course of instruction and in such way facilitate understanding of the subject matter.

The federal government of Nigeria introduced computer education in 1988 with 44 selected secondary schools in the country (Afe, 1989) the essence was to make student computer literate so that they want be intimidated by daily life but will instead feed a sense of belonging in the computer-rich society. The recognise of computer education in this country was given official seal on 14th December, 1987 by the then honourable minister of education where be inaugurated the national computer policy committee (Okoro, 1989). It’s implementation today has not been quite successful although, the federal government has made delivery of some computer sets and accessories to the federal unity secondary schools. (Akinseinde, 1992) following it up some state government like Ebonyi state have presented some computer set and accessories to the state ministry of education for distribution to secondary schools (Nwaiba 1994). This is just a stepping stone to preparedness because there is relatively small or no assessment on the extent of preparedness for computer education which would have checked for the adequacy of computer education materials like computer systems, computer labouratory, furniture and test books. And also check for the number of qualified computer education teachers.

The present research is not aware of any study concerned with the assessment of preparedness for computer education in Ebonyi state secondary schools, hence the need for the present study.


Statement of the Problem

 Due to the policy passed by the federal government on the compulsory teaching of computer science in our secondary schools. The government of Ebonyi state has started implementing it. Going by the free education programme in Ebonyi state, we have many secondary schools with populated students. Some of the classes example Junior Secondary School 1 ranges from A-J in some schools. So one will doubt how the state will cope with computer education requirement. Since for effective and successful teaching of computer we should have enough space to contain the students classroom and laboratories and also have enough computers and accessories which will be shared in group of 5 five students to one computer.

Suppose a school of more than (1000) one thousand students, imagine how many computers that will be needed in the school. How many computer teachers and labouratory assistants that will be recruited in that school asking ourselves the question how many computer education graduates do we have in the state?The case is just a school so think how it is going to be in the one hundred and ninety one secondary schools in the state. It is in the realization of all these that inspired me into studying the assessment of preparedness for computer education in Ebonyi State secondary schools.



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