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PROJECT TOPIC:RURAL-URBAN MIGRATION AND ITS EFFECT ON HOUSING IN ABAKALIKI URBAN

RURAL-URBAN MIGRATION AND ITS EFFECT ON HOUSING IN ABAKALIKI URBAN

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed at accessing rural-urban migration and its effect on housing in Abakaliki urban. The first chapter gave an insight into the background of the study, which tended to reveal the rural-urban migration and its effect on housing. This chapter constitutes of the statement of the problem, significance of study, objectives of study were clearly stated. This chapter also discussed the geographical description of the area of study. Chapter two reviewed the ideas of different researchers and authours on the topic under study. The third chapter placed this research under certain theoretical orientation.

The researcher made use of two broad theories of Alignation theory by Karl Mark & lee S.C. to analysis the variable of this study. These two theoretical framework analyzed in proper terms, rural-urban migration and its effect. Chapter four of this study created the research methodology used in this research work. This research adopted the questionnaire method in the study. Chapter five discussed the analysis of data, after which the four hypothesis which guided this study were tested. All these hypothesis were confirmed by the data. The last chapter of this summarized the findings of this study and certain recommendations were made on the subject matter

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

 

1.1      BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY.

Rural-Urban migration can be said to be a characteristics of developing nations of the world. It is no longer a phenomenon that can be seen or noticed in the industrialized or developed worlds in the sense that it is difficult to distinguish between rural and urban areas. What therefore exists in available rural areas to urban center is ready available in rural areas.The case is different in developing countries. The rate of migration from the rural areas to the urban in the developing nations is so alarming because of the concentration of all the good schools, electricity, pipe-born water, health facilities and also industries in the cities. The provision of what is referred to as social amenities in the urban centers constitutes a factor that attract migration from rural to urban areas.

In addition the availability of employment opportunities and others, tend to bring rural-urban migration. Inspite of the fact that it is very necessary that we continue the development of urban centers, it is good that those infrastructural amenities which attract people to the urban area be provided in the rural areas, because this is one of the ways to check rural-urban migration.One of the consequences of rural-urban migration is over population in which brings shortage of accommodation in the urban areas. Although Abakaliki is not yet Urbanized, still the problem of accommodation is already with the town. This forms the background from where this study arises.

 

RURAL-URBAN MIGRATION AND ITS EFFECT ON HOUSING IN ABAKALIKI URBAN

 

 1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM

Since Abakaliki became the state capital of Ebonyi state, a lot of people have migrated and still migrate from the rural areas and even from some urban areas and even from some urban areas into it. They come in search of job opportunities, apprenticeship trading, school etc. due to this migration of people from   different areas into Abakaliki urban, problems of accommodation started. Over population in the area has lead to overcrowding. Many people live in crowded areas which affected the health and living standard of people.Many house holds use a Kitchen and a bathroom in a building. Dust bins litter everywhere in the town. These lead to environment pollution in Abakaliki urban. Over crowding increases the risk of disease infection, rates of crime, social disorganization etc. This problematic situation prompted this study.

RURAL-URBAN MIGRATION AND ITS EFFECT ON HOUSING IN ABAKALIKI URBAN

 

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