EFFECT OF LEADERSHIP STYLE ON THE MOTIVATION OF WORKERS IN THE PUBLIC SECTOR
This study looks at the role of leadership on motivation of workers. The internal driving force that results in directing and persistence in behaviour of workers. The task of directing is rested on all supervisors or managers. To executive this task effectively, the supervisor or manager has to be a good leader, someone who led others by getting work done through them. This study examine the leadership conceptions utilized in organization with a view to determine whether the following factors like the workers satisfaction with their leader, the nature of leadership between manager and worker motivate the worker’s performance. It was concluded that there is a negative association between nature of relationship that exist between management and workers and negative association between leadership style geared towards achieving its goals. It was recommended that leaders should adopt style that will satisfy their subordinates.
1.1 Background to the Study
An organization comprises of people interested and working together towards the achievement of the organization. It is a common notion that a fundamental and material disagreement exist between the demand of the organization and the need of the workers. Whereas, the organization imposes demands for routine behaviour and conformity to rules and regulations workers exhibit dominant needs for creative expression and initiative.
In the light of this, it is paramount for one rested with the responsibility of supervising and motivating the workers to ensure that they work in accordance to instruction. In this case, one who wears the crown as a leader that assures the role of his leadership style in the motivation of workers has effect on their performance.
Leadership dates back to ancient times, when men of stoned age in association with each other exploited their environment through the process of farming, hunting and building etc. In this process there were always people to lead them.
In this recent time, workers have demonstrated a non-chalant attitude to their job in certain transition. The truth is not far fetched because this can be attributed to the effect of leadership style in the management of human resources in relationship to his work place.
It is no doubt that success of any organization lies in the type of leadership style adopted by various leaders in leading their subordinate to accomplish the set goals and objectives. Workers perception of satisfaction with the boss and leadership style can affect their management performance either in a negative or positive manner. It is when workers are happy that they will contribute optionally towards the goals and objectives of the organization on the other hand, if workers are not happy with their boss leadership style, they will definitely not be motivated to contribute their quota towards the achievement of the organization goals.
THE EFFECT OF LEADERSHIP STYLE ON THE MOTIVATION OF WORKERS IN THE PUBLIC SECTOR
1.2 Statement of Problem
Organization exists for the purpose of achieving certain goals and objectives. Every organization has people as the hallmark function towards the realization of organizational goals and objectives. This is so because organization does not exist in isolation. For this reason, people are employed to perform different functions so as to achieve same goals and objectives of the organizations.
These people employed to work in an organization has their need to satisfy and the process, through which these needs can be met and the thought which they are satisfied in the workplace influence their performance.
The leadership style adopted by the leaders in leading their subordinate can also affect the performance of workers towards the accomplishment of the organization goals and objectives.
This is mostly the case in a situation when such a leadership style will not enable the subordinate to achieve their personal needs in the organization.
The particular style adopted by the leaders ensuring that subordinate behaviour is geared towards realization of the organization can affect the performance of the subordinate. The role of leadership style as a subordinate performance of these, has well demonstrated by such scholars like the Gregor (1957 – 1960), Monter and Blake (1996), Fielder (1967) and Likerb (1961). It was found that the researchers decide to look at the role of leadership styles on the motivation of workers performance in an organization.