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project topic:THE IMPACT OF MOTIVATION ON TEACHERS AND STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN SOME SELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOL IN UDI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA

PROJECT TOPIC: THE IMPACT ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN SOME SELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOL IN UDI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA

Abstract

The title of this work is impact of motivation on teachers’ performance and academic performance of the students in Udi local government Area. The study covers five randomly selected secondary schools in Udi Local Government Area of Enugu State. To standardize the study, four research questions was designed and administered to a population size of 190 respondents meant for the study.

The instrument used for data collection was a structured questionnaire, which contains 23 items designed in likert format. Data collected were analysed using mean scores in rating of the responses. The following findings were made from the study: That teachers refused to teach effectively in the classroom and it leads to a general decline in the academic performance of the students because of irregular payment of teachers’ salaries; I discovered from the research that teachers combine the teaching work with other business since they are not paid regularly by the government and this discouraged effective teaching and learning activities in our schools.

Þ I discovered that teaching and learning in our schools are positive when seminars, workshops and conferences are organized for teachers because it equips well.. The research equally shows that teachers acquired more knowledge from the programmes and hence, it improved the academic performance of the student in the schools. Þ I also discovered that teachers are not serious with their teaching work in the schools because of inadequate promotion by the government. I found out equally, that students’ academic performance is very poor because teachers sometimes abandon the teaching work and go far better paid job

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Education has been recognized as the fundamental basis on which any nation could function effectively. It socio-political economic viability depends solely on the qualitative education given to her citizens. Any nation that wants to be recognized as a developed country must build its human resources firmly. Hence, a country is said to be technologically developed, if majority of her populace are well educated.

Therefore, those that impart the needed knowledge or those that build and mould character must be motivated adequately because motivation is the key to performance and improvement. Hence it is believed that a motivated teacher always complete the tasks set for him, even when such tasks or assignments are difficult or seen uninteresting. However the pertinent question that may rise is; what is motivation?

Motivation comes from the Latin root “movers” which means to move. So motivation can mean the process of arousing the interest of an individual to take a move towards a certain goal. Harzberg (1978), defines motivation as all those phenomena which are involved in the stimulation of actions toward particular objectives where previously, there was little or no movement towards these goals.

Waitley (1996), defines motivation as the inner derive which prompts people act in a certain way. Motivation involved a number of psychological factors that start and maintained activities towards the achievement of personal goals. Motivation in education can have several effects on how students learn and their behaviour towards subjects matter Ormord (2003).

Motivation of teachers and students in teaching and learning process can direct behaviour towards particular goals, leads to increase effort and energy enhance cognitive processing, increase initiation of and persistence in activities, determine what consequences are reinforcing and it can also lead to improved performance. Orphlims (2002) is of the view that motivated teachers always look for better ways to do their teaching job, they are more quality oriented and are more productive.

Therefore, it means that motivated teachers are determine, to give their, best to achieve the maximum output (qualitative education). Motivation can be in the form of regular payment of salary, fringe benefit, such as allowance, bonus on the job training, promotion of the teachers, provision of good working environment, maintaining high degree of relationship and improving the teachers general well being. Hence, any teacher that enjoys the above named items is band to give all his best in discharging of his duty because, he would derive satisfaction of being a teacher.

PROJECT TOPIC:THE IMPACT OF MOTIVATION ON TEACHERS AND STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN SOME SELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOL IN UDI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA

In educational sector, motivation plays a great role. When teachers are motivated, this will lead to good performance and high productivity to the sustain of the national growth and development and also, the welfare of its citizens at large. According to Alu, Eya, Odo, Ede and Ugwu (2001) education is an ancient enterprise designed to be the vehicle of social change and over development of self, culture and society. Education is a process designed to help all human beings to grows into persons.

In the view of the above the national policy on education (1981), section one paragraph two stated that the “Nigerians philosophy of education, therefore is based on the integration of the individual into a sound and effective citizens and equal educational opportunities for all citizens of the nation at the primary, secondary and tertiary levels, both inside and outside the formal school system.

Consequently, the Nigeria policy on education section nine paragraph 57, stated that “teachers’ education will continue to be given a major emphasis in all our educational planning because, no educational system can rise above the quality of its teachers. Therefore, various purposes or aims of teachers’ education should be inculcated into our schools. It will be necessary for the provision of highly motivated, conscious and efficient classroom teachers for all level of our educational system and also to encourage teachers’ commitment to the teaching profession.

PROJECT TOPIC:THE IMPACT OF MOTIVATION ON TEACHERS AND STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN SOME SELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOL IN UDI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA

Also motivation has an effect on the society in various ways for the development of the nation of the hallmarks of the development and economic prosperity while low performance create problem of underdevelopment. Since the future of the country lies with the students, so those students need to be well educated, so that they can be equipped with the knowledge and skills to pilot the affairs of this country.

Therefore, the impact of motivation and academic performance of the students when properly treated, will lead to good performance and high productivity to the sustenance of the national progress.

  • 2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

It is obvious that professional trained teachers always give in their best in carrying out their duties and responsibilities. However, it is pertinent that teachers’ activities must be compensated or rewarded as an encouragement as well as enabling them to work harder in order to achieve the main objective of teaching and learning. The absent of motivation has a negative effect in the standard of education in the country as the students are being deprived of the needed knowledge because the teachers are to motivated to impact the needed knowledge. Hence, the problems associated with this negative attitude towards motivation result to this:

Teachers do not give their best, due to o payment or salary by the authority to the teachers’ student’s inadequate knowledge as a result of not being taught adequately since the teachers are not motivated to give in their best, Teachers life look deplorable as they are being deprived of their benefit they ought to enjoy and mike them effective as efficient in their teaching job, low standard of education in the country is noted since the qualitative education needed is absential. Society human resources will be lagging since the character and knowledge moulder (teacher) cannot satisfactorily perform his duty.

Therefore, the resultant effect of this problem affects the society at large, since the educational sector cannot produce the desired result as designed in the national policy of education I 2004.

  • 3 PURPOSE OF THE STUDY

The purpose of this research is aimed at finding out the impact of motivation on teachers’ performance in the school system. The study specifically tends to;

  1. To find the extent to which supervision of instruction influence learning and enhance students academic performance.
  2. To find out the extent to which government regular payment of salaries at and when due to the teachers.
  • To find out the extent to which promotion of teachers at and when due influences teaching and learning process.
  1. To find out the extent to which such programmes like seminars, conferences and workshops that are conducted for the teachers can enhance their personal academic and professional growth.
    • 4 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

It is hope that the final result of this research work will help in finding possible ways, how motivation can influence productivity/performance in teaching and learning process and also improve learning on the part of students. It is important for the researcher to put into consideration, the significance of teachers’ motivation and academic performance of students’.

However, this research will be significance in the following ways:

  1. When teachers are being motivated, the society/government will benefit immensely in the sense that the teachers put in their best, the students (youth) will contribute properly to the economic growth and development of the nation and the welfare of its citizens.
  2. Parents will also benefit when teachers are being motivated in the sense that the students will be responsible to their parents and also the money spent on them will not be in vein because they will help in carrying out families responsibilities.
  3. Students will benefit equally when teachers are motivated because the research will enable them to enhance and improve their academic performance.
  4.  The teachers also benefit a lot when they positive motivation is given to them in terms of promotion, fringe benefit, salaries are paid at and when due, they will give in their best in the teaching process. And also their standard of living will improve.
  • 5 SCOPE OF THE STUDY

The study covers some selected secondary schools in Udi Local Government Area of Enugu state.

Moreover, the scope of this study is limited to finding the impact of motivation on teachers’ performance and the academic performance of students.

  • 6 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
  1. To what extent does irregular payment of teachers salaries affect the teachers performance on their academic desk?
  2. To what extent does the conducting of seminars, conferences and workshops for the teachers influence the teaching learning process?
  3. To what extent does inadequate promotion of teachers affect them in disposing their duties effectively and efficiency?
  4. To what extent does negligent of teachers’ welfare affect his service (teaching)?

    PROJECT TOPIC:THE IMPACT OF MOTIVATION ON TEACHERS AND STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN SOME SELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOL IN UDI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA

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