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PROJECT TOPIC- ROLE OF WOMEN IN HOUSEHOLD FOOD SECURITY IN ANAOCHA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ANAMBRA STATE

PROJECT TOPIC- ROLE OF WOMEN IN HOUSEHOLD FOOD SECURITY IN ANAOCHA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ANAMBRA STATE

ABSTRACT

This research Abstract work examined role of women in household fixed security in Anaocha Local Government Area of Anambra State. The purpose of the study was to investigate the different ways of fixed preservation by women as a means of promoting food security in Anaocha Local Government Area of Anambra State. The population of this study is made up of three (3) villages drawn from Anaocha Local Government Area of Anambra State. Instrument used for data collection was a structural questionnaire. The work adopted a survey research design. The statistical instrument used for data analysis was mean score (x). from the study, the researcher find out food insecurity in the society causes poverty and a lot of hunger in the community.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background of the study

Ajayi (2004) stated that food security refers to the expanding availability and accessibility of nutritional food on sustainable basis. Regardless of the level of development achieved by the respective economies, women play vital role in agriculture and in rural development. Women’s contribution to agriculture and other sectors of the economy remain concealed and unaccounted for in monitoring economic performance measurement.

Food security helps in creating awareness in farming and cooperative society in the rural areas, by so doing women play a great role in providing accessibility of nutritional food on daily basis. Quisumbing, Brown, feldsfein, Haddad and pena (2003) observed that there are three central ingredients or pillars of food security, they are food availability or adequate production, economic access to available food and nutritional security which often depends on the availability of non food resources like child care, healthcare, clean water and sanitation.

Over 90% of the country’s farmers are small scale deriving a large pool of farm labour from rural women, the involvement of rural women in agricultural production has been of significance to the country’s economic development. Saito Spurling and Mekonnen (2004) noted that women farmers in sub-saharan African dominated the small holder sector and accounted for more than three quarters of the food produce in the region while women continue to be neglected by mainstream agricultural development efforts, their role in farming is becoming more critical.

The real contribution that women farming makes to family welfare and national food security has remains invisible. Again, households access to available food depends greatly on its real income. There is an improvement in the overall welfare of the household as women relate to men, tend to spend their income disproportionally on food  for the family. Adequate availability of food at the household level is necessary but not sufficient to achieve nutrition security.

Jiggins, maimbo, masona (2005) ensuring the nutrition security of the household  through a combination of both food and other resources is almost the exclusive domain of women. However, women’s role in agricultural production has received little support from government agricultural services. Gender gaps in entilements women through primary producers of food do not exercise control over the land they farm.

This insecurity of tenure reduces the likelihood that women will adopt sustainable farming practices that will increase yield. Women help in addition of food production, processing and marketing are burdened with domestic responsibilities most of which are gendered. These include child care, fetching water and fuel wood as well as food preparation. All these affect the health of women and indirectly reflect in the nutrition security of family members.

World bank (2000) stated that women have more equal access to productive resources such as land and credit facilities provides women with monetary income thereby  ensuring economic access to food Economic independence of women farmers not only ensures household food security but also empowers them to start asserting themselves in dealing with a broad range of problems.

Women’s wage income from farm and non-farm employment and from other income opportunities is of particular importance for landless and near landless rural households. Women’s purchasing power may not only be used to buy food and other basic assets for themselves and their families, but also to pay inputs for food production. Since food crops are consumed, the inputs for these have to be provided from income generating activities.

Food processing is the set of methods and techniques used to transform raw ingredients into food or to transform food into other farms for consumption by humans or animals either in the home or by the food processing industry. Food processing also takes clean, harvested crops and uses to produce attractive, marketable and often long shelf-life food products. Food processing dates back to the prehistoric ages when crude processing incorporated slaughtering, fermenting, sun drying, preserving with salt and various types of cooking such as roasting, smoking, steaming and even baking.

Salt preservation was especially common for foods that constituted sailor’s diets, up until the introduction of canning methods. Processing food has also helped to create quick, nutritious meals to give to busy families. Modern food processing technology in the 10th and 20th century was largely developed to serve military needs. In the 20th century, world war II, the space race and the rising consumer society in developed countries contributed to the growth of food processing with such advances as spray drying, juice concentrates, freeze drying and the introduction of artificial sweeteners, colouring agents and preservatives such as sodium Benzoate.

Food processing helps in removing toxins from the food, preservation, easing marketing and distribution tasks and increasing food consistency. In addition, it increases seasonal availability of many foods, enables transportation of delicate perishable foods across long distances and makes many kinds of food safe to eat by de-activating spoilage and pathogenic micro-organisms.

Processed foods are usually less susceptible to early spoilage than fresh food and are better suited for long distance transportation from the source to the consumer. Some processed foods helped to alleviate food shortages and improved the overall nutrition of population as it made many new foods available to the masses. Processing of food can also help to reduce the incidence of food borne disease, fresh materials such as fresh produce and raw meats are more likely to harbour pathogenic micro-organisms that are capable of causing serious illness.

Processed food freed people from the large amount of time involved in preparing and cooking natural unprocessed foods. Modern food processing also improve the quality of life for people with allergies diabetic and other people who cannot consume some common food elements, food processing can also add extra nutrients such as vitamins. Food preservation is the techniques used for storing food for a short period and transporting these commodities in undamaged state to far off places, where such foods are not produced and are in demand or can be sold in the off-season when there is little or reduced supply from the farms.

Agricultural commodities usually have defined planting and harvesting periods. At the time of harvest, large farms produce huge quantities of different foods such as fruits, vegetables, cereals and legumes etc. While in the off-season, one may find a single item of food.  Subsistence agriculture is self-sufficiency farming in which the farmers focus on growing enough food to feed their families.

Subsistence agriculture also helps in the cultivation of foods and cash crops needed in the society for the well-being of an individual or communities. Women have little access to the benefits of research and innovation, especially in the domain of food crops, which in spite of ensuring food security at the household level rural areas in Anaocha Local Government Area of Anambra State have a low priority in crop improvement since food crops are consumed, the inputs for these have to be provided from income earned in other agricultural enterprises or non-farm income generating activities.

Thus, to improve food production in rural areas of Anaocha Local Government Area of Anambra State, greater priority has to be given to increasing women’s participation in market production as well as other income generating ventures. Agricultural production (farm and livestock products) with supplemental resources (processed and preserved food items) and substitute resources represent the available resources for food consumption in rural areas of Anaocha Local Government Area of Anambra State women are more capable than men in terms of the ability to use and allocate the available resources for the purpose to improve food security for their families.

According to Paala (2003) the important roles of rural women in valuable contributions towards providing opportunities to farmers in rearing crops and animals are highly imperative.

PROJECT TOPIC- ROLE OF WOMEN IN HOUSEHOLD FOOD SECURITY IN ANAOCHA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ANAMBRA STATE

Statement Of The Problem

 Food security is fundamental element in human existence. Without food, nothing happens: no economic growth, no science and technology, no music literature, not even procreation. Today, more than any other time in the history of mankind, the volume of poverty and food insecurity coupled with serious malnutrition and morbidities are knocking many doors of the people in most developing world of sub-Saharan African countries, Nigeria in particular (Marilee, 2009).

Poor and vulnerable households in developing countries face a variety or risks, which have substantial impact on food security of its members. In order to help poor households cope with shocks, such as natural disasters or hunger seasons, timely provided emergency food aid has the potential to improve their food security in difficult times. Women play important roles in food security as food producers, keepers of traditional knowledge and preservers of biodiversity, food processers and preparers and food providers for their families.

However, misguided agricultural and trade policies have contributed to the current food crisis, including the failure to recognize women’s crucial roles in agricultural production and household food security. These have led to serious constraints which militate against the promotion of an effective role for women in food security in societies which are bound by age-old traditions and beliefs.

Patriarchal modes and practices motivated by cultures and/or interpretations of religious sanctions and illiteracy hinder women’s freedom to opt for various choices to assets greater mobility in social interactions. Resulting from these situations, women’s contribution to food security and other sectors in the economy remain concealed and unaccounted for in monitoring economic performance measurement. The result there is food shortage, hunger and poverty. Therefore, this study sought to investigate the role of women in household food security in Anaocha Local Government Area of Anambra State.

Purpose of the study

The overall objective of this study is to access women’s role in providing and improving household food security in rural area of Anaocha Local Government Area of Anambra State. In view of the general objectives, the specific targets of this study are the following:

  1. To investigate the different ways of food preservation by women as a means of promoting food security in Anaocha Local Government Area of Anambra State.
  2. To determine the food processing methods employed by women in Anaocha Local Government Area of Anambra State.
  3. To ascertain the different method of food preparation employed by women in Anaocha Local Government Area of Anambra State.
  1. To proffer solution to food security problem in Anaocha Local Government Area of Anambra State.

Significance of the study

This present study will benefit women, communities, individuals and the government. It helps women in providing enough and quality food for their households the study is relevant to the communities as it helps them towards providing and preserving their food products for future use.

The research will also provide basic information about food security for individuals who will be faced with scarcity of food and to know how to handle the problem very well. It will also be of great benefits to governments by ensuring food safety and maintaining the productivity of the products and providing necessary equipments needed for the women in the maintenance of food security in society.

Scope of the study

The study aimed at finding out the role of women in household food security in Anaocha Local Government Area of Anambra State. Specifically, this study focused on identifying the challenges faced by women in maintaining and providing food security in their various communities. It also connotes the benefits of Agriculture cash crops, plant and animal rearing in the societies.

The study covers the three villages in Anaocha Local Government Area of Anambra State.

Research questions

  1. What are the different ways of food preservation adopted by women in Anaocha Local Government Area of Anambra State?
  2. What are the methods of food processing mapped out by women of Anaocha Local Government Area of Anambra State?
  3. What are the different ways of food preparation employed by women in Anaocha Local Government Area of Anambra State?
  4. What are the ways food security problems could be solved in Anaocha Local Government Area of Anambra State?

PROJECT TOPIC- ROLE OF WOMEN IN HOUSEHOLD FOOD SECURITY IN ANAOCHA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ANAMBRA STATE

 

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TO GET THE FULL PROJECT TOPIC AND MATERIAL DELIVERED TO YOUR INBOX OR DOWNLOAD INSTANTLY, PAY N5000 Via: BANK
BANKACCOUNT NAME
ACCOUNT NUMBER
DIAMOND BANK
FREEMANBIZ COMMUNICATION
007 031 2905
FIDELITY BANK
FREEMANBIZ COMMUNICATION
560 028 4107
GTBFREEMANBIZ COMMUNICATION013 772 5121
ZENITH BANK
FREEMANBIZ COMMUNICATION
101 326 3297
OR Pay Online with ATMAfter Payment, you can use the chat app at the right-hand side of your browser to download the material immediately or Text Name, Title of the project paid for, your email address to 08060755653.Do you prefer paying with Bitcoin, Ethereum, Bitcoin Cash or LiteCoin?

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