SEMINAR TOPIC- STRATEGIES FOR REDUCING ECONOMIC POVERTY THROUGH HOME ECONOMICS EDUCATION
This seminar focuses on strategies for reducing economic poverty through home economics education. The strategies stresses on both human and material resources as well as other related efforts to be adopted for helping the poor and unemployed become self supporting, capable of earning adequate incomes; implementation of Home Economics careers. Training programme and funding. However Home Economics Education could be employed as a veritable tool in reducing Economic poverty. The suggestions to achieve effective strategies through Home Economic Education include: Raising the level of interest of the youth in Home Economics Education, making fund available, and raising the quality of Home-Economics teachers. These will enable the youth participate in Home Economics Education for acquisition of skills. It is hoped that if the recommendations are implemented, the gains of Home-Economics Education will be making significant contribution to reduce Economic poverty and empower the youths for sustainable living.
Poverty is a phenomenon which is as old as the society. It could be said to mean a state of perpetual want, absence of or inadequacy of essential means to survival. To be economically poor implies no having and not able to get the necessaries of life. Poverty in this sense has been defined by Olaitan, Ali, Onyemachi and Nwachukwu (2000) as the scarcity of human basic needs for human survival, like adequate nutrition, clothing, shelter, transportation, healthy Education and recreation.
Poverty is also often divided into relative poverty and absolute poverty. Poverty can also be defined as a condition where in a person cannot satisfy his or her basic needs, namely, food, shelter, clothing, health and Education. Poverty is pronounced deprivation in well being and comprises many dimensions. It includes low incomes and the inability to acquire the basic goods and services necessary for survival with dignity. Poverty also encompasses low levels of health and education, poor access to clean water and sanitation, inadequate physical sercurity, lack of voice, and insufficient capacity and opportunity to better one’s life (World Bank).
Fundamentally, poverty is a denial of choices and opportunities, a violation of human dignity. It means lack of basic capacity to participate effectively in society. It means not having enough to feed and cloth a family, not having a school or clinic to go to, not having the land on which to grow one’s food or a job to earn one’s living, not having access to credit. It means insecurity, powerlessness and exclusion of individuals, household and communities.
It means susceptibility to violence, and it often implies living in marginal or fragile environments, without access to clean water or sanitation. (united Nation). Poverty depends not only on income but also on access to services. It includes a lack of income and productive resources to ensure sustainable livelihood, hunger and malnutrition, ill-health; limited or lack of access to education and other basic services; increased morbidity and mortality from illness, homelessness and inadequate housing, social discrimination and exclusion. It is also characterized by lack of participation in decision making and in civil, social and cultural life: (World Summit on Social Development).