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STUDY OF LEGISLATURE IN PROMOTING POLITICAL STABILITY THROUGH GOOD GOVERNMENT IN NIGERIA

STUDY OF LEGISLATURE IN PROMOTING POLITICAL STABILITY THROUGH GOOD GOVERNMENT IN NIGERIA

ABSTRACT

Government and society cannot promote and enforce ethical behaviour solely through the utilisation of ethical codes of conduct or through the promulgation of a plethora of legislation. Communities tend to equate moral values and moral norms with values and norms, which apply only to personal relations. In terms of Abia State House of Assembly Constitution , all government departments are required to be efficient which includes observing particular ethical codes of conduct. Campbell

( Chukwu P.A, 2004) writes that public officials who are employed in complex government departments, have to be accountable to their immediate superiors, the political leadership and the public at large.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Political stability legislation are those legislative enactment aimed at regulating and directing the activities of societies. It guides the ruling, formation of enterprises, so that it enables their activities to be stable, effective and efficient for the successful operation of a given society.

The originated in Nigeria in 1935 under the no.39 ordinance, while the legislation follows in 1936, Both applied the legislation follows in 1936. Both applied to the whole locating, then colony and protectorate of Nigeria. In 1952, the country was divided in to three regions north, west and east and was made a regular subject each adapted the 1935 ordinance with necessary amendments . in august 1977, the then federal commissioner for the supply Alhaji U.A. martial , set up a panel to review and unite the Nigeria

  • BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY  

WITH regard to the term political stability that annexation of Lagos in 1961 marked  the commencement of British colonialization of territory which  later christened Nigeria by miss flora show in an article which appeared in the London times of January 8th  1887 .Nigeria came in to being in 1914 when about fifty one nations that had existed for centuries with varying modes of socio political economic and cultural organization were arbitrarily amalgamated by Britain to serve its interest which was predominantly  economic is a fact on history and it is common knowledge that cord laggard was the west .

The 1914 arbitrary amalgamation which as  greeted with  protest both during and after the event as  medicated by threats of succession at different times before independence above a seed of discard which lord  lugards policy of developing the northern and southern provinces along separate lines planted in the country political vineyard to maternity by haggard successors whose actions were not designed to build a Nigeria state but to flourish the colonial causes .

What  so ever , Nigeria have had many election.1922-1959: the history of elections in Nigeria dates back to 1922 when the constitution operation in the country then(Clifford constitution of 1922) introduced the elective principle by the Clifford  constitution ,four Nigeria were elected in to the Nigeria legislative council one to represent calaber and three to represent lagos. The franchise was limited to about 5,000 adults each the election was contested by less than nine candidate and between two quasi-political parties Nigeria national democratic party (NNDP) and the people union.

The election was also organized by the council government. The election was also free and fair and the conduct was peaceful and orderly. the nest important election which ushered in the constitutional settlement for an independent Nigeria ,the first ever direct election covering the country . Three political parties emerged during this period and participated in the election.

The national council of Nigeria citizens (NCNC) formally known as that national council of Nigeria and Cameroons which was the first modern political party in west Africa was formed in 1914 and led by Dr Nnamdi Azikiwe the action group (AG) was formed in 1951 under the leadership of chief Obafemi Awolowo and the northern people congress (NPC) was formed  in December 1949 under the leadership of Alhaji Ahamdu  Bello .in the 1959 election the NPC won 134 state in the central registrature ,the NCNC  won 80 state which the AG won 73 state .

This election was also supervised by the colonial master, it was relatively peaceful and orderly 1960-1966:  during this period the regional elections were held in 1963 and 1965 respectively and the federal election after the federal election was the western regional election in 1964 .two broad coalition contested the 1964 federal election. The Nigeria national Alliance (NNA) made up of the northern people congress (NPC) and Nigeria national democratic party in western Nigeria and the united progressive ground Alliance (UPGA) made up of the united middle belt congress the national council of Nigeria citizens (NCNC) and the action group (AG) .

The election was rigged and different kinds of electoral malpractices were witnessed the limited progressive ground Alliance leaders claimed that may campaign and that some of them were kidnapped.

1985-1993: for the third time in Nigeria political history a transition programme ahead at an orderly change of not  just a government but a whole region type is being consciously and assiduously pursued by an in ambient government .

The first and second transition programmers were from colonial regime to an independent democratic regime in the later 1970s to 1950s to October 1960, and from military dictatorship to a democracy in the later 1970 respectively.

Neither attempt at establishing a last democracy succeeded beyond six years. The first attempt lasted from October 1960 to January 1960 while the second lasted from October 1971 to December 1983.

This last point that informed the present administrations decision to introduce a transition programme that is both extensive (its time span is the congest in the history to transition programmers not just in Nigeria , but the African continent, and comprehensive hardly any aspect of social economic or political life is left introduced by the programme).

Today Nigeria is undergoing another transition to civil rule programme and questions abound as to whether the nascent third republish will be a success or failure given the country’s economic incapacitation, the increasing personification or corruption in all segment of the Nigeria society, the down were movement of the people’s social conditions, the unmistakable crises in the country’ education system, the prevalence of thuggery and electoral malpractices, the recurrence of ethnic religious clashes and the fact that every good solder who is advancing in his profession, now hope to and that career in a political office or leadership of one civilian institution or the other interracial.

1.2    STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

The essential ingredients of and political system include clear statement of the requirement which a citizen much have before he or she is qualified for any elective position, a comprehensive voters register and good voting conditions which much ensure that the citizens exercise their franchise without any fear of molestation.  The general election in Abia state house of assembly was very important in this case in that being the first stage of the transition to civil rule programme. It could be taken as a test for the extent to which Nigerians were prepared to change their electoral behaviors for the better abide by the rules and principles of democratic elections. This is so because from the records as required by a democratic government.

Moreover, in view of the fact the first and second republicans were not freely allowed by the military administration for participation in politics, apparently based on the conviction of the government that their roles in the past have been highly unsatisfactory. The questions therefore are, in did the sponsorship of any of the candidates by the old categories politicians affect the out come of the election? Did  the electorates based their voters on sentiment or on objectives assessment of candidates? Out-come of the election have one political stability in abia state house of assembly.

STUDY OF LEGISLATURE IN PROMOTING POLITICAL STABILITY THROUGH GOOD GOVERNMENT IN NIGERIA

  • OBJECTIVE OF STUDY

The objective of the research is to examine the key issues surrounding the political stability in the Abia state house of assembly government elections in the light of candidates contesting on multi-party basis, the voting behaviour of the election, the voting process and declaration of results. It is also geared towards pinpointing all these practices which are not part of the normal process and as such lead to political instability, the extent of deviation and to inform a better understanding of the nations political stability in the country either the individual contestant could rely on this inherent personality to secure the people mandates enabling him or her to serve them without depending on the sponsorship of the old politicians.

  • SCOPE AND LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY

The scope of this study is legislature in promoting political stability in Nigeria through good government and in writing of this project, there researcher encounter some limitations, like inadequate finance, inadequate facilities, time constraints, environment  factors etc, using the recent election conducted in Abia state house of assembly.

  • SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The study of legislature in promoting political stability through good government in Nigeria using Abia state house of Assembly as a case study is important to the masses, politicians, students in public administration, the usefulness of political stability to the masses, politicians, students in public administration in making decision and implementing government politicies and programmes if the problems of political instability will be decisively tackled or solved.

  • STATEMENT OF HYPOTHESIS

Few hypothesis are adapted to the questions already posed. The hypothesis are as follows ;

I         There is significant relationship between good governance and                               .        the state of development in Abia state house of Assembly

Ii        There is no significant relationship between good governance and     .          the state of development in Abia state house of Assembly.

There is significant relationship between good governance and political stability.  There is no significant relationship between good governance and political stability.

  • DEFINITION OF TERMS

I, Political Stability: This means a firmly fixed and desired politicies for growth and develop on the policy.

II, Free and Fair Election: This refer to the absence of violence in the election stations or polls, the country of votes in polls immediately after voting and in the presence of both and electoral officer, the law enforcement officers, ensuring that the name of all eligible voters are included in the register of voters and allowed to exercise their franchise in the election day.

III, Culture: this refer to arts, social, institution and belief of a particular group or people.

Iv Culture  Organization: this refer to an organized group of people who share the same arts custom and common beliefs together.

V, sponsorship: this refer to the advancing money to candidates with which to run the election directly or indirectly and also giving out gift to electorates so as to persuade them to vote for a particular candidate and also giving their candidates advice on how to campaign and  lobby for votes and support from the people.

VI, ELECTION OUTCOME: This means the relationship between the political parties and the objective they aim at.

VII EZINIHITTE MBAISE LEAGUE ASSOCIATION: This is a cultural organization in Ezinihitte mbaise local government area of Abia state house of Assembly.

STUDY OF LEGISLATURE IN PROMOTING POLITICAL STABILITY THROUGH GOOD GOVERNMENT IN NIGERIA

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